Important Articles

National Nutrition Survey {GS-2}

In news
With the help of UNICEFthe Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recently conducted the first-ever comprehensive National Nutrition Survey.


Key findings

  • Nearly 10% of children in the age group of 5-9 years and adolescents in the age group of 10-19 years are pre-diabetic, 5% are overweight and another 5% suffer from blood pressure. 
  • The first-time hard evidence of the coexistence of obesity and undernutrition, among school-going children has been recorded.
The National Nutrition Survey is different from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) as,
  • NFHS collects data to measure the prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight and household dietary intake to measure deficiencies.
  • Moreover, the survey collects data only for the age groups of 1-5 years and adults, and not for school going children between the age of 5 and 19 years.
National Nutrition Survey के लिए इमेज नतीजे

Steps Taken by Government of India

Under the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY), Rs.6,000 is transferred directly to the bank accounts of pregnant women for availing better facilities for their delivery.

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan, launched in 2017-18, aims to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight babies through synergy and convergence among different programmes, better monitoring and improved community mobilisation.
  • The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013, aims to ensure food and nutrition security for the most vulnerable through its associated schemes and programmes, making access to food a legal right.
  • Mid-day Meal (MDM) scheme aims to improve nutritional levels among school children which also has a direct and positive impact on enrolment, retention and attendance in schools.
The National Family Health Survey 
It collects anthropometric data (weight for age, height for age, weight for height, mid-upper arm circumference) to measure prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight and household dietary intake to measure deficiencies.


 


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