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Beijing attacks Washington for ‘weaponisation’ of outer space

Why in news?
Beijing warned on Monday that the U.S. was turning the cosmos into a “battlefield”, after Washington announced a new military arm called the Space Force.
Major concern
China and Russia are challenging its position in space.
Issue
U.S. President Donald Trump signed the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act— which created a new branch of the U.S. military.
These actions from the U.S. strongly violate the international consensus of the peaceful use of outer space posing a direct threat to outer space, peace, and security.
Space force
The Space Force will be the sixth formal force of the U.S. military, after the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines, and Coast Guard.
It will be comprised of about 16,000 air force and civilian personnel, some already taking part in the Space Command, according to Air Force Secretary Barbara Barrett.
China & Russia Development in there space force
China and Russia have both developed “robust and capable” space services for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.
“China and Russia, in particular, are developing a variety of means to exploit perceived U.S. reliance on space-based systems and challenge the U.S. position in space
China has been making significant investments in space in recent years and pouring billions into its military-run space programme, with hopes of having a crewed space station by 2022.

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