Why EG Classes?

"Beginning of new era in education Sector EG Classes with Portability"
We are the best because the option of portability can be provided by the capable institutes only.
We refund your fee, if you feel that the relative syllabus is taught effectively and better than us in some other institution, up to 4 months.
Number of students in our classes and will give you in written that in future the strength of students will not go beyond 100 in any batch.
We provide printed study materials like all other institutes, but the difference is that our main emphasis should be on classes rather than printed stuff.
More than 175 Selection affiliated to our facilities including rank 3, 6, and 7.


India must urgently transform its economy to get to green frontier

22 Feb, 2020
Context India’s growth transformation has to be green. The economy must be competitive as well as sustainable Delivering Sustainable Prosperity Just as liberalisation and globalisation transformed the economy in the past, two different yet intert...
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Class Schedule

22nd february class schedule

9 am- CSAT (Reasoning) hall no 5

11:30 am-  current affairs hall no 5 (amit jain sir)

3 pm- Geography optional *Hall no 5*off

English Medium Gs foundation

5:30 pm- Ethics (jitendra sir) Hall no. 1

Answer Improvement Section

वायु प्रदूषण को परिभाषित करते हुए, इसके स्रोत एवं इससे होने वाली हानियों पर एक संक्षिप्त निबंध लिखें।

GS  06 Apr, 2019   0    Post Comment

Define air pollution, write a brief essay on its sources and its consequences.

GS  06 Apr, 2019   37    Post Comment



The Examination shall comprise two papers of 200 marks each.

Paper I - (200 marks) Duration : Two hours
• Current events of national and international importance.
• History of India and Indian National Movement.
• Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
• Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
• Economic and Social Development, Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
• General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
• General Science.

Paper II- (200 marks) Duration : Two hours (Qualifying)
• Comprehension
• Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
• Logical reasoning and analytical ability.

Read More...........

आईएएस परीक्षा के लिए पाठ्यक्रम
प्रारंभिक परीक्षा

प्रारंभिक परीक्षा में प्रत्येक 200-200 अंक के दो प्रश्न पत्र होंगे।

प्रश्न पत्र I - (200 अंक) अवधि: दो घंटे
• राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्राष्ट्रीय महत्व की सामयिक घटनाएं।
• भारत का इतिहास और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन।
• भारत एवं विश्व भूगोल- भारत एवं विश्व का प्राकृतिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक भूगोल।
• भारतीय राज्यतंत्रा और शासन- संविधन, राजनैतिक प्रणाली, पंचायती राज, लोक नीति, अध्किरों संबंध्ी मुद्दे, आदि।
• आर्थिक और सामाजिक विकास- सतत् विकास, गरीबी, समावेशन, जनसांख्यिकी, सामाजिक क्षेत्रा में की गई पहल आदि।
• पर्यावरणीय पारिस्थितिकी जैव-विविध्ता और मौसम परिवर्तन संबंध्ी सामान्य मुद्दे, जिनके लिए विषयगत विशेषज्ञता आवश्यक नहीं है।

प्रश्न पत्र II - (200 अंक) अवधि: दो घंटे
• बोध्गम्यता
• संचार कौशल सहित अंतर-वैयत्तिफक कौशल
• ताकिक कौशल एवं विश्लेषणात्मक क्षमता
• निर्णय लेना और समस्या समाधन
• सामान्य मानसिक योग्यता

Read More........


PAPER – I General Studies-I (200 marks) Duration: Two hours

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights issues etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development Poverty Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General Issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change- that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science

PAPER- II General Studies-II (200 marks) Duration:Two hours


  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
  • Decision making and problem solving.
  • General mental ability
  • Elementary Mathematics upto Class X level- Arithmatic, Algebra, Geometry and Statistics.
  • General English upto Class X level.
  • General Hindi upto Class X level.


Current events of national and international importance:- On Current Events of National and International impor-tance, candidates will be expected to have knowledge about them.


History of India and Indian National Movement:- In History emphasis should be on broad understanding social, economic and political aspects of Indian history. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have synoptic view of nature and character of the freedom movement, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence.

Indian and world Geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World:- In World Geography only general understanding of the subject will be expected. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.

Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc:- In Indian Polity, Economic and Culture, questions will test knowledge of country’s political system including Panchayati Raj and Community Development, broad features of Economic policy in India and Indian Culture.


Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sec-tor initiatives, etc:- The candidates will be tested with respect to problems and relationship between Population, Enviornment and Urbanisation.


General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject spe-cialization. General awareness of the subject is expected from candidates.


General Science:- Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of Science including matters of every day observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated person, who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.


Note:- Candidate are expected to have general awareness about the above subjects with special reference to Uttar Pradesh.


  • Arithmetic:- (i) Number systems: Natural Numbers, Integers, Rational and irrational numbers, Real numbers, Divisors of an Integer, prime integers, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of integrs and their interrelationship.

(ii) Average (iii) Ratio and proportion (iv) Percentage (v) Profit and Loss (vi) Simple and Compound interests (vii) Work and Time. (viii) Speed, Time and Distance

  • Algebra:- (i) Factors of polynomials, L.C.M. and H.C.F. of polynomials and their interrelationship, Remainder theorem, simultaneous linear equations, quadratic equations. (ii) Set Theory: Set null set, subsets and proper subsets of a set, operations (Union, Intersections, difference, symmetric difference) between sets, Venn diagram.


  • Geometry:- (i) Constructions and theorems regarding triangle, rectangle, square, trapezium and circles, their perimeter and area. (ii) Volume and surface area of sphere, right circular cylinder, right circular Cone and Cube.


  • Statistics:- Collection of data, Classification of data, frequency, frequency distribution, tabulation, cumula-tive frequency. Representation of data – Bar diagram, Pie chart, histogram, frequency polygon, comulative frequency curves (ogives), Measures of Central tendency: Arithmetic mean, Median and Mode.


  • Active Voice and Passive Voice.
  • Parts of Speech.
  • Transformation of Sentences.


  • Direct and Indirect Speech.


  • Punctuation and Spellings.


  • Words Meanings.


  • Vocabulary & usage.


  • Idioms and Phrases.
  • Fill in the Blanks.



सामान्य हिंदी (हाईस्कूल स्तर तक) के पाठ्यक्रम में सम्मिलित किए जाने वाले विषय


(1)       हिंदी वर्णमाला, विराम चिन्ह

(2)       शब्द रचना, वाक्य रचना, अर्थ,

(3)       शब्द-रूप,

(4)       संधि, समास,

(5)       क्रियाएँ,

(6)       अनेकार्थी शब्द,

(7)       विलोम शब्द,

(8)       पर्यायवाची शब्द,

(9)       मुहावरे एवं लोकोक्तियाँ

(10)     तत्सम एवं तद्भव, देशज, विदेशी (शब्द भंडार)

(11)     वर्तनी

(12)     अर्थबोध

(13)     हिंदी भाषा के प्रयोग में होने वाली अशुद्धियाँ

(14)     उ.प्र. की मुख्य बोलियाँ






  1. History of India-Ancient, Mediaeval, Modern
  2. Indian National Movement and Indian Culture
  3. Population, Environment and Urbanization in Indian Context
  4. World Geography, Geography of India and its natural resources.
  5. Current events of national and international importance.
  6. Indian Agriculture, Trade and Commerce.
  7. Specific knowledge of U.P. regarding education, culture, Agriculture, Trade Commerce, The methods of living and Social Customs.

            History of India and Indian culture will cover the broad history of the country from about the middle of the nineteenth century and would also include questions on Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru. The part on current events of national and international importance will include questions also on sports and games.


  1. Indian Polity,
  2. Indian Economy
  3. General Science (Role of Science and technology in the development of India including science in every day life)
  4. General Mental ability.
  5. Statistical Analysis, Graphs and Diagrams.


            The part relating to the Indian polity will include questions on the political system in India and Indian constitution. The Indian economy will cover broad features of economic policy in India. The part relating to role and impact of science and technology in the development of India, questions will be asked to test the candidates awareness in this field Emphasis will be on the applied aspects. The part relating to statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams will include exercise to test the candidate’s ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies limitation or inconsistencies there in.



There will be three sections in the question paper of Essay. Candidates will have to select one topic from each section and they are required to write essay in 700 words on each topic. In the three sections, topics of essay will be based on following sphere :


Section A:

(1) Literature and Culture.

(2) Social sphere.

(3) Political sphere.


Section B:

(1) Science, Environment and Technology.

(2) Economic Sphere

(3) Agriculture, Industry and Trade.

Section C:

(1) National and International Events.

(2) Natural Calamities, Land slide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought etc.

(3) National Development programmes and projects.


सामान्य हिंदी/General Hindi- 3 Hours

  1. दिए हुए गद्य खंड का अवबोध (Comprehension) और प्रश्नोत्तर
  2. संक्षेपण (Precise Writing)
  3. सरकारी एवं अर्धसरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र
  4. शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग —
  • उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग
  • विलोम शब्द
  • वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द
  • वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि
  • लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे


Appliers have to choose two subjects from the following list of optional subjects. Questions will be based on the languages chosen by appliers:




Ecology And its Relevance to man.natural resources. their management and conservation. Environment factors of cropdistribution and production. climatic elements as factor of crop growth. impact of changing environment on cropping pattern.Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops animals and humans.cropping pattems in different agro.climatic zones of U.P.impact of high yieldingand short duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns. Concepts of multiple cropping.multistorey.relay and intercropping and their importance in relation to sustainable crop production. package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oilseedes, fibre, suger and cash crop grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons in different regions of U.P. important features, scopes and propagation of various type of forestry plants with reference to agro, forestry and social forestry, weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various field crops, their multiplication, cultural biological and chemical control of weeds.


Processes and factors of soil formation, classification of Indian soils including modern concepts. Mineral and organic constituent of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Problems soil, extent and distribution in India and their reclamation. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants, their occurrence, factors affecting their distribution, function and cycling on soil. Symboitic and non symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicial fertiliser use. Soil conservation planning on water shed basis, erosion nitrogen and run off management in hillifeet hills and valley lands; processes and factors affecting them. Dryland agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilising agriculture production in rained agriculture area of U.P.


Water use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing run off losses of irrigation water. Drainage of water-logged soils. Form management scope importance and characteristics, farm planning and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems.


Marketing and pricing of agriculture inputs and outputs, price fluctuations and their cost, role of co-operatives in agri-cultural economy, types and system of farming and factors affecting them. Agricultural extension, its importance and role, method of evaluation of extension programmes, diffusion, communication and adoption of innovations, people’s participation and production and motivation, Farm mechanization and its role in agricultural production and rural employ-ment Training programme for extension workers and farmers, Extension systems and programmes. Training & Visits, KVK, KGK, NATP and IVLP.



Heredity and variation, Mendel’s law of inheritance, Chromosomal theory of inheritance. Cytoplasmic inheritance. Sex linked, Sex influenced and sex limited charecters. Spontaneous and induced mutations. Role of chemicals in mutation. Origin and domestication and field crop. Morphological patterns of venetions in varieties and related species of impor-tant field crop. Cause and utilization of variation in crops improvement. Application of the principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops, methods of breeding to self and cross-pollinated crops, Introduction, selection, hybridization, Male sterlity and self incompatibility, utilizator of mutation and polyploidy in breeding. Seed technology and its importance production, processing, storage and testing of seeds. Role of national and state seed organization in production, Processing and marketing of improved seeds. Physiology and its significance in agriculture, physical properties and chemical constitution of protoplasm, inhibition, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis, absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy.


Enzymes and plant pigments, Photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors effecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration, Growth and development. Photoperiodisms and vernalization. Plant growth regulators and their mechanism of action & importance in crop production.


Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits and vegetable crops; package of practices and the scientific basis for the same. Pre and post harvest physiology of fruits and vegetables. Principle method of preservation of fruits and vegetables, Processing techniques and equipment. Landscape and Floriculture including raising of ornamental plant. Design and layout of lawns and gardens, Diseases and pests of vegetables, fruits and plantation crops of U.P. and measures to control plant diseases, integrated management of pests and diseases. Pesticides and their formulations, plant protection equipment, their care and maintenance. Storage pest of cereals and pulses, hygiene of storage, godowns, preservation and remedial measures, Food production and consumption trends. In India, National and Inter-national food policies, Procurements, distribution, processing and production constraints.


Non Chordata, Chordata, Ecology, Ethology, Biostatistics and Economic Zoology.



  1. General Survey: Classification and Interrelationship of various Phyla. Protozoa: Locomotion, Nutrition, Repro-duction and Human Parasite. 3. Porifers: Canal system; Skeleton and Reproduction. 4. Cridaris: Polymorphism; Coral reels Metagenesis. 5. Helminthiases: Parasitic adaptation and host-parasite relationships. 6. Annelida: Adaptive radiation in Polychaeta. 7. Arthopoda: Larval forma and parasitism in Crustacea. Appendages of prawn: Vision and respiration in Arthopoda, Social life and metamorphosis in insects. 8. Mollusca: Respiration, Pearl formation.


  1. Echinedermata: General organisation, larval forms and affinities. Chordata: Origin: Lung fishes; Origin of tetra-pods. 11. Amphibis: Neoteny and parental care. 12. Reptilia: Skull types (Anapsid; Diapsid; Parapsid and synpaid) Dinosaurs. 13. Aves: Origin aerial adaptations and migration; Fightless birds. 14. Mammalia: Prototheria and Metatheria: Skin derivatives of Eutheria.


SECTION- B- Ecology, Ethology, Biostatics and Economic Zoology.


  1. Ecology: Abiotic and biotic factors; Inter and intraspecific relations, ecological succession; Different types of biomes; Biogeochemical cycles. Food web; Ozone layer and Biosphere; Pollution of air, water and land. Ethology: Types of animal behaviour, Role of hormones and phenomones in behaviour; Methods of studying animal behaviour, Biological rhythms. 3. Biostatistics:Sampling methods, frequency distribution and measures of central rendency, standard deviation, standard error correlation and regression chi-square and t-test. 4. Economic Zoology: Insect pests of crops (Paddy, Gram and Sugarcane) and stored grains, Agriculture, Sericulture, Lacculture, pisciculture and Oyster culture.


Cell Biology Genetics, Evolution and Systematics, Bio-Chemistry, Physiology and Development Biology.



  1. Cell Biology: Cell membrane, Active transport and Sodium potassium AT Pase Pump, Mitochondria, Golgibodies; endoplasmic reticulum; ribosomes and lysosomes; cell division mitotic spinal and chromosome movements and meiosis, chromosome mapping Gene concept and function; Watson-Crick model of DNA, Genetic code Protein synthe-sis, Sex chromosomes and sex determination. Genetics: Mendelian laws of inheritance, recombination linkage and linkage maps, multiple alleles, mutation (nutural and induced, mutation and evolution, chromosome number and form


structural rearrangements, polypoloidy, regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Human cormosomal abnormalities, gene and diseases, Eugenics, Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology and gene cloning. 3. Evolution and systematics: Theories of evaluation; sources and nature of organic variation; natural selection; Hardy Weinberg law; cryptic and cematic colouration; mimicry; isolating mechanisms and their role, insular fauds, concept of species and sub-species; principles of taxonomy; Zological nomenclature and International code; Fossils; Geological Bras; Phylogeny of horse and elephant; origin and evolution of man; principles and theories of continental distribution of animals; Zoogeographical realms of the world.


SECTION – B – Biochemistry, Physiology and Development Biology.


  1. Biochemistry: Structure of carbohydrates, lipids (including saturated and unsaturated fatty acids) amino acids, proteins and nuclieic acides, Glycolysis; Kreb’s cycle, Oxidation and reduction, oxidative phosphorelation, Energy conservation and release. ATPC-AMP; types of enzymes, mechanism of enzyme action; Immunoghlobulins and immunity; vitamins, Physiology (with special reference to mammals): Composition of blood, blood group in man, agglutination; oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, haemoglobin, breathing and its regulation Formation of urea and urine, acide-base balance and homeostasis; Thermo-regulation in Man; Nerve impulse conduction and transmission across synpse, neurotransmitters; Vision, hearing and olfaction; Types of muscles; Digestion and absorption of pro-tein, carbohydrate, fat and nucleic acid, control of secretion of digestive juices, balanced diet of man, steroid, protein peptide and aminoacids, drived hormones; role of hypothalamus, pituitary thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adernal glands and pineal organ and their relationship, physiology of human reproduction, hormonal control of development in man; Pheromones in mammals. 3. Development Biology: Gametogenesis, fertilisation, types of eggs, clevage and gastrulation in Brachiotoma frog and chick; fate maps of frog and chick; metamorphosis in frog; formation and fate of extra embryonic membrance in chick; formation of amino allantois and types of placenta in mammals, organiser phe-nomenon, regeneration genetic control of development organogenesis of brain, eye and heart; aging.




Atomic Structure : Bohr’s model and its limitation de Broglie equation, Heisenberg’s suncertainty principle, quantum mechanical operators and the Schrodinger wave equation, physical significance of wave function and its characteris-tics (normalized orthogonal), radial distribution and shapes of s.p.d. and f-orbitals, particle in a one-dimensional box, quantisation of electronic energies (qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom).


Paul’s Exclusion principle. Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau principle, Electronic configuration of atoms, Long form of periodic table including translawrencium elements. Periodicity in progerties of the elements such as atomic and ionic radionization potential election affinity, electronegativity and hydration energy.


Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry : Sructure of nucleus (shell model), nuclear forces, nuclear stability-NP ration, nuclear binding energy Kinetics, detection and measurement of radioactivity, Artificial transmutation of elements and nuclear reactions, nuclear fission & fusion, radioactive isotopes and their applications. Radio cartoon dating, Elemen-tary ideas of radiation chemistry, radiolysis of water and aqueous solution, unit of radiation, chemical yield (G-value), Fricke’s dosimetry. Chemical Bonding : Valence bond theory (Heitier-London and Pauling-Slater theories), hybridiza-tion, VSEPR theory and molecular orbital energy lever diagrams, for homo and hetro nuclear diatomic molecules, bond order, bond length and bond strength, signa-and p-bonds, hydrogen bond, characteristics of covalent bond. Chemistry of s- and p- block elements : General properties of s-and p-block elements, chemical reactivity of elements and group trends. Chemical behaviour with respect of their hybrids, halidas and oxides. Chemistry of Transition Elements : General Characteristics, variable oxidation stases, complex formation, colour, magnetic and catalytic properties. Comparative study of 4d and 5d transition elements with 3d analogues with respect to their ionic radil, oxidation stasis and magnetic properties. Chemistry of Lanthanides and Actinides : Lanthanide contraction, oxidation stasis, Prin-ciples of separation of lanthanides and actinides. Magnetic and spectral properties of their compounds. Coordination Chemistry : Werner’s Theory of coordination compounds. IUPAC system of nomenclature, effective atomic number (EAN) Isomerism in coordination compounds. Valence bond theory and its limitations. Crystal held theory, Crystal held splitting of d-orbitals in octahedral, tetrahedral and square planer complexes. Eq and factors affecting its magnitude, calculation of Crystal held stabilisation energies (CFSE) for d1 to d9 week and strong field, octahedral complexes, spectrochemical series. Electronic spectre of d-transition metal complexes, types of electronic transitions, selection rules for electronic transitions, Spectroscopic ground states for d1 to d10 systems. Bio-Inorganic Chemistry: Essen-tial and trace elements in biological processes, Metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglobin and myoglo-bin, Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special reference to Ca2+. Preparation, Properties and Uses of the following Inorganic Compounds : Heavy water, boric acid, diborane, hydrazine, hydroxylamine, potassium dicromate, potassium permanganate, Ce (IV) sulphate and titanium (III) sulphate, Polymers: Molecular weight of polymers by sedimentation light scattering viscosity and osmotic pressure. Number average and weight average mo-lecular weights, elasticity and crystallinity of polymers. Borazines : Sillicons and phosphonitrillic halide polymers. Chemical Thermodynamics : Thermodynamic functions, Laws of thermodynamics and their applications to various physico-chemical process. Concept of chemical potential. Glibbs Duhem equation, Classius-Clapeyron equation, ther-modynamic treatment of colligative properties. Chemical Kinetics: Order and molecularity of a reaction Rate laws, methods for determining the order of a reaction. Energy of activation, Colision theory of reaction rate. Steady state approximations. Transition state, theory of reaction rates, consecutive and side reactions. Phase Equilibria : Phases, components, degrees of freedom, phase diagram of one and two component systems, Nearest distribution law, Appli-cations of distribution law. Electrochemistry : Theory of strong electrolytes. Debye-Hucket theory of activity coeffi-cient laws of electrolytic conduction, transport number determination of transport number (Hittorts and moving bound-ary method). Applications of conductance for determining the solubility and solubility products, Ionic equilibria, ionic product of water, pH, acid-base indicators, common ion effect, buffer solubility buffer index, buffer capacity solubility product and applications in analysis. Solid State Chemistry :Classification of solids, seven crystal systems, elements of symmetry in crystals, space lattice and unit cell, classification of crystals on the basis of bond types ionic solids, metalic solids, covalent solids, and molecular solids. The close packing of spheres, hexagonal close ionic solids, metalic solids, covalent solids, and molecular solids. The close packing of spheres, hexagonal close packing, cubic close packing and body centered cubic packing, coordination number and radius ratio effect. Bargg’s law of X-ray diffraction, powder pattern method, crystal structure of NaCI and KCI. Surface Chemistry: Stability of and origin of charge on colloids, Electrokinetic potential. Physical and chemical absorption, various types of adsorption isotherms. Hormogenous and heteterogeneous catalysis enzyme catalysis (Michelis-Menton) equation. Molecular Spectra : Rotational Spectra Rigid and non-rigid rotator models. Determination of bond distance of diatomic molecules, linear triatomic molecules isotopic substitution. Vibrational-Rotational Spectra : Hormonic and anthormonic vibrations, vibrational energies of diatomic molecules, zero point energy, evaluation of force constant. Fundamental frequencies, overtones, trot bands, degrees of freedm of polyatomic molecules. Concept of group frequencies. Raman Spectra : Raman effect stokes and antistokes fines and their intensity difference. Rule of mutual exclusion. Electronic Spectra : Electronic transitions, Frank condom Principle, Phosphorescene and fluorescence.


General Organic Chemistry : Electronic displacement inductive, electromeric and mesmoeric effects, Conjugation and hyperconjugation, Resonance and its application to organic compounds, Electrophlies, nuclephlies, carbocations, carbanions and free radical. Organic acids and bases. Effects of structure on the strength of organic acids and bases. Hydrogen bond and its effect on the properties of organic compounds. Concepts of Organic Reaction Mechanism : Mechanism of addition, substitution, elimination, reactions and molecular rearranagements, Mechanism of Electro-philic and nucleophilic automatic substitution. Mechanism of the following reactions : Aldol condensation, Claims con-densation Beckmann rearrangement, Perkin reaction, Reiner-Tiemann reaction, Cannizaro’s reaction, Friedel Craft’s reaction, Refonnatisky’s reaction and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement. Aliphatic Compounds : Chemistry of simple organic compounds belonging to following classes with special reference to the mechanisms of the reactions involved therein, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes alkyl, halides, alcohol, ethers, thiols aldehydes, ketones, a busnaltruated carbonyl compounds, acids and their derivatives, amines, aminoacids, hydroxy acids, unsatuarated acids and diabasic acids, Synthetic uses of malonic easier acetoaceliceasier, Gridnand’s reagent, carbene, diazomelhane and phosphoranes. Carbohydrates : Classification, configuration and general reaction of simple monosaccharides. Ozone formation, mutarotation, pyranose and furanose structures. Chain lengthening and chain shortening in aidoses and Kethses. Interconversion of glucose and fructose. Stereochemistry and conformations : Elements of symmetry, optical and geometical isomerism in simple organic compounds. Absolute configuration (R & S); confugations of geometrical iso-mers, E&Z notations, Conformation of mono and distributed cyciohexnaes. Boat and chair forme, Aromatic Com-pounds : Modern structure of benzene; Concept of aromaticity. Huckle rule and its simple application to non-benezenoid aromatic compounds. Activating and deactivating effect of subsituent groups, directive influence. Study of the compounds containing following groups attached to the alky and benzene ring halogen, hydroxy, nitro and amino groups. Sulphonic acids, benzaldelyde, salicy dehyde, acetophenone, Benzoic, salicyclic, phithalic, cannamic and mandelic acids. Naphthalene & Pyridine : Synthesis, structure and important reations. Alkaloids : General methods of structure elucidation of alkaloids, chemistry of nicotine. Organic Polymers :Mechanism of polymerization, polymers of industrial importance, synthetic fibers, Chemistry of Living Cells : A Brief introduction, chemical constituents, cell membraines, acid base balance, Diffusion and active transport. Donnan membranes equilibria. Enzymes and Coenzymes : Nomen-clature and characteristics, factors which affect enzyme activity. NMR Spectroscopy : Principle of PMR, chemical shift, spin-spin coupling, interpretation of PMR spectra of simple organic molecules, Evaluation of analytical Data : Errors, accuracy and precision, Relative and standard deviation rejection of doubtful, observations, t-test, Q-test. Solvent Extraction : Distribution law, Craigs concept of counter-current distribution, important solvent extraction systems. Chromatography : Classification of Chromatographic techniques, general principles of absorption, partition exchange, paper and thin layer chromatography. Environmental Chemistry : Air pollutants and their toxic effects, depletion of ozone layer effects of oxides of nitrogen, flurochlorocarbons and their effect on ozone layer, Greenhouse effect. Acid rain.




  1. PHYSICS: PAPER – I: Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Waves & Oscillations
  1. Mechanics : Conservation law, collisions, impact paramter, scattering cross-section centre of mass and lab systems with transformation of physical quantities, Rutheford Scattering. Motion of a rocket under constant force field. Rotating frames of reference, Coriolls force. Motion of rigid bodies. Dynamics of rotating bodies. Moment of inertia, Theorem of parallel and perpendicular axis. Moment of inertia of sphere, ring cylinder, disc, Angular momentum. tonque and precession of a top. Gyroscope. Central forces. Motion under inverse square law. Kepler’s Laws, Motion of Safellites (including geostationary). Galilean Relativity. Special Theory of Relativity. Michesion-Morley Experiment, Lorentz Transformations-addition theorem of velocities. Variation of mass with velocity. Mass-Energy equivalence. Fluid dy-namics. streamlines, Reynold number Viscosity, Poiseulle’s formula for the flow of liquid throught narrow tubes, turbu-lence, Bermoulli’s equation with simple applications.


  1. Thermal Physics : Laws of thermodynamics, Entropy, Camot’s cycle, Isothermal and Adiabatic changes, thermody-namic Potentials, Helmboltz and Gibbs functions. Maxwell’s relations. The clausius-clapeyron equation, reversible cell, Joul-Kelvin effect, Stefan Boltzmann Law, Kinetic Theory of Gasses, Maxwell’s Distribution Law of velocities, Equipartition of energy, specific heats of gases, mean free patin, Borwnian Motion, Black Body radiation specific heat of solids, Einstein and Debye theories. Wein’s Law, Planck’s Law, solar constant. Shah’s theory of therma ionization and Steliar spectre Production of low temperatures using adiabetic dermagnatization and dilution refrigeration. Concept of negative temparature. Waves of Oscillations :Oscillations, simple harmonic motion, Examples of simple harmonic motion mass, spring and LC circuits. Statinary and travelling waves, Damped hormonic motion, forced oscillation and Reso-nance, Sharpness of resonance, Wave equation, Harmonic solutions, Plane and Spherical waves, Superposition of waves. Two prependicular simple harmonic motions. Lissajous figures, Fourier analysis of periodic waves-square and triangular waves. Phase and Group velocities, Beats, Huygen’s principle, Division of amplitude and wave front, Fresnel Biprism, Newton’s rings, Michelson interferometer, Fabry-Petrot inter ferometer. Diffraction-Fresnel and Frauhoe’s. Diffraction as a Fourier Transformation. Fresnel and Fraunholer diffraction by reactungular and circular apertures. Diffraction by straight edge, Single and multiple slits. Resolving power of granting and optical instruments. Rayleigh criterion. Polarization, production and Detection of polarised light (Linear, circular and elliptical) Brewster’s law, Huyghen’s theory of double refraction, optical rotation, polarimeters. Laser sources (Helium-Neon, Ruby and semi conductor di-ode). Concept of spatial and temporal coherence Holography, theory and application.

PAPER – II : Electricity and Magnetism, Modern Physics and Electronics

  1. Electricity and Magnetism : Coulomb’s law, Electric Field Gauss’s Law, Electric Potential, Possion and Laplace equations for homogenous dielectric, uncharged conducting sphere in a uniform field, point charge and infinite conduct-ing plane. Current electricity, Kirchoff’s laws and its applications; Wheatstone bridge, Kelvin’s double bridge, Carey foster’s bridge. Bio-Savart law and applications. Ampers’s circuital law and its applications, Magnetic induction and field strength, Magnetic shell Magnetic field on the axis of circular coil Helmboltz coil, Electromagnetic Industion, Faraday’s and Lenz’s law, self and mutual inductances. Alternating currents L.C.R. circuits, series and parallel resonance circuits, quality factor. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector Magnetic fields in Matter. Dia, para, Ferro, Antiferro and Ferrimagnetism (Qualitative approach only). Hsteresis.


  1. Modern Physics : Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom Electron spin, Optical and X-ray Spectral Stem-Geriach experiment and spatial quantkation, Vector model of the atom spectral terms, fine structure of spectral fines. J-J and L-S coupling Zeeman effect, Pauli’s exclusion principle, spectral terms of two equivalent and non-equivalent electrons. Gross and fine structure of electronic band spectra. Raman effect, Photoelectric effect, Compton effect De-Broglie waves. Wave Particle duality,uncertainty principle, postulates of quantum machanics. Schrodinger wave equation with application (i) particle in a box, (ii) motion across a step potential, One dimensional harmonic osciffator eigen values and eigen func-tions. Radioactivity, Alpha, Beta and gamma radiations. Elementary theory of the alpha deca. Nuclear binding energy. Mass spectroscopy, semi empirical mass formula. Nuclear fission and fusion. Elementary Reactor Physice, Elementary particles and their classification, strong and weak Electromagnetic interactions. Particle accelerators, cyclotrol. Linear accelerators. Elementary ideas of superconductivity. Electronics : Band theory of solids, conductors insulators and semiconductors. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, P.N junction, Thermistor Zener diodes. Reverse and forward based P.N. Junction, solar cell. Use of diodes and transistors for rectification, amplification oscillation, modulation and detection r.f. waves. Transistor, receiver. Television, Logic Gates and their truth table, some applications.




Linear Algebra : Vector space, bases, dimensions of a finitely generated space, linear transformation: Rank and nullity of a linear transformation. Cayley Hamiliton theorem, Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors. Matrix of linear transformation, Row and column reduction. Echelon form, Equivalence, Congruence and similarty, Reduction to canonical form. Orthogonal, symmetrical, skew-symmetrical, unitary, Hemitian and skew-Hermitian matrices their eigen values, orthogonal and unitary reduction of quadratic and Hermitian form. Positive definite quadratic form. Simultaneous reduction. Calculus: Real numbers, limits, continuity, differentiability. Mean value theorems, Taylor’s indeterminate forms, Maxima and minima. Curve Tracing Asymptotes.Functions of several variables, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Jacobian Definite and indefinite integrals. Double and tripple integrals (techniques only), application to Beta and Gamma Functions, Areas, Volumes, Centre of gravity. Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions : First and second degree equations in two dimensions in cartesian and polar coordinates. Plane, sphere, parabofoid, Ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their elementary properties. Curves in space. Curvature and torsion. Frenet’s formulze. Differential Equations :Order and Degree of a differential equation, differential equation of first order and first degree, variables separable. Homogeneous, linear, and exact differential equations, differential equation with constant coefficients. The complementary function and the particular integral of eax, cosax, sinax, xm, eax, cosdx, eax, sinbx. Vector Analysis : Vector Algebra, Differentiation of vector function of a scalar variable Gradient, divergence and curl in cartestian, cylindrical and spherical coordinates and their physical interpretation, Higher order derivates. vector identities and vector, equations, Gauss and stokes Theorems. Tensor Analysis : Definition of Tensor, Transformation of coordinates, contravariant and contravariant tensors. Addition and multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors. Inner product, fundamental tensors,Christoffel symbols,contravariant differentiation,Gradiant, curl and divergence in tensor notation. Statics : Equilibrium of a system of particles, work and potential energy. Friction. Common catenary. Principle of Virtual work….. Stability of equilibrium. Equilibrium of forces in three dimensions. Dynamics: Degree of


freedom and constraints. Rectilinear motion Simple harmonic motion in a plane. Projectiles, Constrained motion, work and energy. Motion under impulsive forces, Kepler’s laws. Orbits under central forces. Motion of varying mass. Motion under resisting medium. Hydrostatics : Pressure of heavy fluids. Equilibrium of fluids under given system of forces. Centre of pressure. Thrust on curved surfaces. Equilibrium of floating bodies, stability of equilibrium and pressure and gases, problems relating to atmosphere.




Algebra : Groups, subgroups, normal subgroup, homomorphism of groups, quotient groups Baisc isomorphism theorems, sylow theorems.Permutation Groups. Cayley’s Theorem. Rings and ideals. Principal ideal domains, unique ractorization domains and Euciiden domains, Field Extensions, Finite fields. Real Analysis : Metric spaces, their topology with special reference to ‘R’ sequence in metric space Cauchy sequence completeness. Completion, continuous functions. Uniform continuity. Properties of continuous function of Compact sets. Riemann Steltjes Integral. Improper integral and their condition’s of existence. Differentiation of function of several variables. Implicit function theorem, maxima and minima.


Absolute and conditional Convergence of series of real Complex terms, Rearrangement of series, Uniform-conver-gence, infinite products. Continuity, differentiability and integrabillity of series, Multiple integrals.


Complex Analysis : Analytic functions, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, power series, Taylor’s series,


Singularities,Cachley’s Residue theorem and Contour integration. Partial Differential Equations : Formation of partial differential equation. Types of integrals of partial differential equaltions of first order, Charphs method, Partial differential equation with constant coeffcients. Mechanis : Generalised constraints, constraints, holonomic and non-holonomic systems, D’Alemberts’ Principle and Langrange’s equations, Moment of intertia. Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions. Hydrodynamics : Equation of continuity.momentum and energy, inviscid flow theory.Two dimensional motion, streaming motion sources and Sinks. Numerical Analysis : Transcendental and ploynomial Equations-Meth-ods of tabulation, bisection, reaula-false secants and Newton-Renhsoand order of its converagence. Interpolation and Numerical differentiation formulae with error terms. Numercial Integration of Ordinary differential Equations : Euler’s method, mulistepperdictors Corrector methods. Adam’s and Milne’s method convergence and stability, Runge Kutta Method. Operational Research : Mathematical Programming, Definition and some elementary properties of convex sets, simplex methods, rectangular games and their solutions.


  2. Geomophology: Origin and structure of the earth, Earth movements Plate tectomics and Mountain Building: Isostasy; Vulcansim; Weathering and Erosion; Cycle of Erosion, Evolution of landforms; fluvial, glacial, acolion, marine and Karst Rejuvenation and Polycyclic Land form features. 2 Climatology: Composition and structure of atmoshphere, Insolation and Heat Budget; Atmospheric pressure and winds, Moisture and Precipitation; Airmasses and Fronts; Cyclone; Origin; Movements and associated weather, Classification of world climates; Koopen and Thomthwaite. 3. Oceanography: Configuration of Ocean floor, Salinity Ocean Currents,Tides; Ocean deposits and coral reefs. 4. Soil and Vegetation: Soils -geneisis; classification and world distribution, Soil Vegetation Symbiosis: Biotic Communities and Succession. 5. Ecosystem : Concept of Ecosystem, structure and fuctioning of Ecosystem. Types of Ecosystem, Major Biomes, Man’s impact on the ecosystem and global ecological issues.




  1. Evolution of Geography Thought : Contributions of German,French, British, Soviet and Indian Geographers: Chang-ing Paradigms of Man Environment Relationship impact of Positivism and Quantitative revolution; models and systems in geography, Recent trends in geographic thought with special reference to radical, behavioural phenomenological and ecological paradigms. Human Geography : Human habitat in major natural regions: Emergence of Man and Races of Mankind; Cultural evolution and stages; Major cultural realsm.Growth and Distribution of population; Intermational mi-gration population. Demorgraphic Transition and contemporary population problems. 3. Settlement Geography : Con-cept of Settlement Geography; Rural settlement; Nature; Origin, Types and pattern, conecept of Urban settlement. Patterns, Processes and consequences of Urbanisation; Central place theory; classification of town; Hierarchy of urban centres. Morphology of Town; Rural Urban nexus; Uniand and urban finges. 4. Economic Geography : Fundamen-tal concepts. Concepts of Resources; Classification, Conservation and Management Nature and Types of Agriculture; Agricultural land use location theories; World agricultrual regions; Major crops: Mineral and Power Resources Occurrence, Reserve, utilization and procduction patterns, World Energy crisis and search for alternatives. Industries-Theories of Industrial location, Major industrial regions; Major Industries- Iron & Steel, Paper, Textiles, Petro-Chemicals, Automobiles, Ship building; their location patterns. International Trade; Trade Blocks, Trade routes. Ports and global trace centres. World Economic Development Patterns. Concepts of and approaches to Sustainable Development. 5. Political Geography : Concept of Nation and state; Frontiers, Boundaries and Buffer zones; Concepts of Heartland and Rimland Federalism, Contemporary world geopolitical issue.



  1. Physical Features : Geological systems and structure: Relief and drainage, soils and natural vegetation; soil degradation and deforestation. Origin and mechanism of Indian Monsoon; Climatic regionalisation; Physiographic regionlisation Human Feature : Distribution and growth of population; structural characteristics of population-tempo-ral-regional variations. Regional rural settlements patterns and village morphaology. Urban Settlement; Classfication of Indian Cities- location, functional, hierarchcality regions Urban morophology, urbanisastion and urban policy.


  1. Agriculture : Infrastructure; irrigation, power, fertilizer use, mechanization; Regional characteristics of agricultural land use, problem of westelands and their reclamation, Cropping patterns and intensity; Agricultural Efficiency and Productivity, Impact of Green revolution; Agricultural regions with special reference to agroecological conditions. Land reforms and agrarian prob lems Crop Combinations and agricultural regionalisation. Modernisation of Agriculture and agricultural planning. Mineral and Power Resources: Locational patterns, Reserves and Production trends; Complementarily of minerals. Power resources; Coal petroleum, hydro power, Mulitipurpose river valley projects; Energy crisis and search for alternatives. 5. Industries : Industrial Development, Major industries-non & steel. Textiles, paper Cements, Fertilizers Sugar, Petro-chemicals, industrial Complexes and Regions. 6. Transport and Trade Networks of railways and roads; Problems and prospects of Civil aviation and water transport; inter-regional commodity flows; International trace, policy and flow patterns. Major ports and trace centres. 7. Regional Development and Planning : Problems of regional development and spatial planning strategies: Geographic and Planning regions; Planning for metropolitan, tribal, hilly, drought-prone regions and watershed management. Regional disparities in development and policies in five year Plans: Planning for Eco-Development. 8. Political Economy : Historical Perspective on Unity and diversity. States reorganisation; Regional consciousness and national integration geographical basis on centre -state relations. International boundaries of India and related geo-political issues.India and the geopolitics of Indian ocean. India and the SAARC.



1.Consumer Demand and Consumer Sovereignty : Law of Demand, Nature and types of elasticity of demand, indifference curve analysis and consumer’s equilibrium. 2. Theory of Production : Production Function, Laws of Returns, Equilibrium of a Producer, Nature of Cost and Revenue curves, Pricing of factors of prodcution. 3. Price and output determination : Under different market conditions. Cost plus pricing. 4. Equilbrium : General and Partial, Stable and Unstable. 5. Concepts of Economic Welfare : Old and New Welfare economics, Pareto Optimality and compensation principles, Consumer’s surplus. Economics welfare and Competition. 6.National Income : Concept, Components and methods of accounting. Classical and Keynesian Theories of Employment and Income, Pigou effect and Real balance effect; Intersection of Multiplier and Accelerator .Theory of Trade Cycles. (Monetary and Hicksian trade cycles). 7. Theory of Money : Measurement of changes in price level, Theory of money supply.Money Multiplier, Quantity theory of Money, Theories of Demand for money.Interest determination, IS-LM curve analysis. Theory of Inflation, Measures of inflation control. 8. Monetary and Banking System: Banks and their roles in the economy. Central Bank and the money market, Techniques of monetary Management.




  • Public Finance :Theories of Taxation and Public Expenditure, Incidence of taxation, evasion and shifting of Tax burden, Effects of Taxation, Fiscal Policy and economic development, economic classfication of Budgetary Recepits and Expenditure, Types of budget deficits and their effects on the economy. (ii) International Economics :Theories of International Trade, Hecksher-Ohlin theory. Offer Terms of Trade,Trade and Development Balance of Payments, Dis-equilibrium in Balance of Payments and policies for correcting it. Fixed and fluctuating exchange rates, Free Trade vs. Protection, Foreign Debt and Debt management, International Monetary and Trade Institutions.(iii) Growth and Devel-opment : Measures of Economic developments. Theories of Economic Growth; Classical, Marxian and Harrod-Domar Model, Surplus Labour and capital formation, stages of growth.Problem of Human Capital formatoin.


  1. Basic Features of Indian Economy : Trends in National Income and per capita income. Changes in comparison of National Income. Population Growth and Economic Development, Characteristics of India’s Population. Changes in occupational pattern. Development & Infrastructure for Agriculture and Industry. Source of Energy: Conventional and non-conventional.Energy Crisis, Enviormental pollution and its control. Indian Agriculture : Importance of agricultrue in Indian economy.Source of growth in agriculture. Institutional reforms in Indian agriculture with special reference to land reforms and credit supply. Agricultural cost and product pricing. 3. Industrial growth and Structure in India : Public Sector. Private Corporate Sector Joint Sector. Small Scale and Cottage Industry in India; Industrial Policy resolutions; competition and industrial growth. Foreign Capital Technology and growth of Indian Industry; Industrial sickness in India. Labour policy reforms in India. 4. Budgetary Trends and Fiscal Policy in India : Trends of major sources of public revenue and expenditure of Union Government,and U.P. Government. Non-Plan expenditure of Union Goverment inter-nal and external debt of the Union Goverment, Fiscal and Revenue deficits in Union Budget, Major recommendations of the Tenth Finance Commission. 5. Money and Banking : The Monetary institutions of India. Commercial Banks, Reserve Bank of India, Special Financial Institutions ( Banking and nonbanking). Sources of Reserve money, money mulipliers, objective and techniques of monetary policy in India and their limitations. 6. Foreign Trade and Balance of Payment : Foreign Trade of India-volume, composition and direction, Trade Policy-import substi-tution, export promotion and self reliance. Import liberalization and its effect on trade balance, External borrowing and the burden of foreign debt. Exchange rate of rupee. Devaluation and its effect on balance of payments-convertiblility of rupee. Integration of Indian economic with the world economy, Indian and the World Trade Orgainisation. 7. Economic Planning in India. Role of economic planning in India. Objectives of Economic Planning, Problems of unemployment, Economic poverty and regional imblances.A brief review of planning in India since 1951. Strategy of planning in India and recent changes therein. Financial resources for the Plans Objectivies and achievements of the Eighth Five Year plan and the proposed strategy for the Ninth Plan.


  1. Fundamentals of Sociology and Study of Social Phenomena : Emergence of Sociology, its nature and scope. Methods of study; Problem of objectivity and issues of measurement in Social Science; Sampling : Research Design: Descriptive, Exploratory and Experimental : Techniques of data collection; Observation, Interview schedule and questionnaire, Theoretical Perspective Functionalism : Redcliffe Brown, Malinowski and Merton. Conflict Theory Karl Marx, Raif Dahrendorf and Lewiscoser. Symbolic Interactionism : C.H.Cooley, G.H.Mead and Herbert Blumer. Structionslism -Levi: Strauss, S.F. Nadel, Parson and Merton. 3. Pioneers In Sociology : A. Comte-Positivism and Hierarchy of Sciences. H Spencer- Organic analogy and the doctrine of evolution . KMarx- Dialectical materiaslism and alienation. E. Durkheim-Division of labour. Sociology of religion. Max Weber-Social action and idea type. 4. SocialStratification And Differentiation : Concept, Theories of Stratification: Marx Weber,Davis and Moore, Types-Caste and Class. Status and Role, Social Mobilty-types: Occupational Mobility -Intra-Generabonal and inter Generational.



  1. Marriage, Family And Kinship : Type and forms of marriage, impact of social legislation. Family; Structure and functions; Changing patterns of family; Family decent and kinship: Mariage and sex roles in modern society. Social Change and Development : Concept,Theories and Factors of Social Change, Social moment and change. State inter-vention. Social policy and development, Strategies of rural transformation; Community developement programme.I.R.D.P., TRYSEM and Jawahar Rojgar Yojana. 7. Economic and Political System : Concept of property. Social dimensions of division of labour. Types of exchange. Industrialisation, Urbanisation and Social Development, Nature of Power. Per-sonal, Community Elite. Class. Modes of political participation-Democratic and Authoritarian. 8. Religion, Science and Technology : Concept, Role and religious belief in traditional and modern societies. Ethos of science, Social responsi-bility and control of science; Social consequences of science and technology. 9. Population and Society : Population size, Trends, Composition, Migration Growth, population Problems in India, Population, education.

PAPER- II- Indian Social System (Section- A)


  1. Bases of Indian Society : Traditional Indian Social Organisation : Dharma, Doctrine of Karma. Ashram Vyavastha Purushartha and Samskars; Socio-Cultural Dynamics impact if Buddhism, Islam and the west. Factors responsible for contisnuity and change. Social Stratification : Caste system:Origin, Structural Cultural views. Changing patterns of caste: Caste and class: Issues of equality and social justice: Class structure in India-Agrarian and industrial: Emergence of middle class. Classes among the tribes; Emergence of Dalits consiousness. 3. Marriage Family and Kinship : Marriage among different ethic groups. its changing trends and future; Family-its structural and functional aspects Changing pattern, Impact of legislations and socio-economic changes of marriage and family, Regional varia-tions in kinship system and its changing aspect. 4.Economic and Political System : Jaimani System, Land tenure system. Social consequences of land reforms and liberalisation, Social Determianats of economic development, Green revoluation, Functioning of demorcraitic politicial system. Political parties and their compostion, Structural change and orientation among political elities. Decentrailisation of power and political participation, Politiacal implications to devel-opment. 5. Education and Socity : Dimension of education in traditional and modem socities, Educational equality and change; Education and social mobility. Problems of education among the weaker sections of the society.



  1. Tribal, Rural and Urban Social Organisation: Distinctive features of tribal communities and their distribution; Tribe and caste, Process Acculturation. Assimilation and integration. Problems of tribal’s social identity: Socio-cultural dimensions of village community; traditional power structure, Democratisation and leadership. Community development programme leadership. Community development programme and Panchayti Raj, New strategies for rural transformation, community and change of traditional development in urban areas (Kinship, caste, occupation etc.) Class structure and mobility in urban commnuity; Ethinic diversity and community intergration. Urban neighbourhood. Rural urban differ-ences. Demographic and socio-cultural practics. Religion and Society: Size Growth and Regional distribution of different religoius groups; inter religious interaction and its manifecstaiton- Problems of conversion. Commnity ten-sions. Secularism, Minority status and religious fundamentalism. 8. Population Dynamics: Socio-cultrual aspects of sex, Age, Marital status. Feritility and mortality. The problem of population explosion, Socio-psychological,cultural and Economic. Population policy and family welfare programme; Determinants and consequences of population growth. 9. Women and Society:Demographic profile of women Changes in their status; Special problems-dowry, atrocity, discrimi-nation; welfare programmes for women & children. 10. Dimensions of Change and Development: Social change and modernisation.Indices, Constrains and respectivity; Source of social change Endogenious and Exgenoius,. Processes of Social Change Sanskritisation, Westernisation and Modernisation, Agents of change. Mass media, Education and communication, problem of modernisation and planned change: Strategy and ideology of planning. Five year plans. Poverty alleviation programme ; Environment, Unemployment and programme for urban development; social reform movement with special refernece to peasant movement. Backward classes movement. women and Dalit movement.


  1. PHILOSOPHY : PAPER -1 History and Problems of Philosophy : (SECTION-A)


  1. Plato:Theory of ideas. 2. Aristotle: Form, matter and Causation. 3. Descartes : Method, soul, God, Mind-Body dualism. 4. Spinoza: Substance, Attributes and Modes, Pantheism.5. Leibnitz: Monads, God. 6. Locke: Theory of knowledge, Rejection of Innate Ideas, Substance and Qualities. 7. Berkeley: Refutation of Matter, idealism. 8. Hume Theory of knowledge, Scepticism, Self, Casuality. 9. Kant: Apriori and aposteriori knowledge, analytic and synthetic judgement, possibility of synthic apriori judgement, space, timer categories, ideas of Reason, Criticism of the proofs for the existence God. 10. Hegal: Dialectical Method, Absoulte ideaism. 11. (a) Moore: Defence of Common sense, Refutation of idealism. 11. (b) Russell: Theory of Descriptions, Incomplete Symbols. 12. Logical: Atomic Facts, Elementary Propositions, Picture Atomism (Wittgenstein) Theory of Meaning, Distinction of saying and showing. 13. Logical Positivism: Verification Theory. Rejection of Metaphysics, positivism Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propo-sitions. 14. Phenomenology: Husserl 15. Existentialism: Kicrkegaard, sartres. 16. Quine : Radical Translation. 17. Strawson: Theory of Person.




  1. Charvak: Theory of knowledge, Materialism. 2. Jainism: Theory of Reality. Syadvada and Saptabhanginaya, bond-age and liberation. 3. Buddhism : Pratityasamutpada, Ksanikakvada, Nairiatmyvada, Schools of Budhism. 4. Sankhya Prakriti, Purusa, Theory of Causation, Liberation 5. Nyaya -Vaisesika : Pramanas, Self, Liberation, Nature of God and proofs for existence of God. Categories, Theory of causation, Atomism. 6. Mimansa : Theory of knowledge, Prama, Pramanas, svatahpramanyavada. 7. Vedants : Sankara, Ramauja and Madhva ( Brahma, Isvara, Atma Jiva,Jagat, Maya, Avidya, Adhyasa, Moksha).


PAPER-II -Socio Political Pholisophy and Philosophy of Religion.



1.Political Ideals : Equality, Justice, Liberty 2. Sovereignty 3. Individual and State 4. Democracy: Concept and forms 5. Socialism and Marxism 6.Humanism 7. Secularism 8. Theories of Punishment 9. Violence, non-violence, Sarvodaya 10. Gender -Equality 11.Scientific Temper and Progress 12.Philosophy of Ecology


1.Religion ; Theology and philosophy of Religion 2. Religion and Morality 3.Notions of God; Personalistic, impersonalistic, Natuaralistic.4. Proofs for the existence of God. 5. Immoratility of Soul 6. Liberation 7. Religious knowledge; Reasons, Revelation and Mysticism 8. Religion without God 9.Problem of Evil 10. Religious tolerance.



General Geology, Geology, Geomorphology, Structural Geology, Palaeontology and Stratigraphy.


  • General Geology: Energy in relation to goedynamic activities, Origin and interor of the Earth. Dating of rock by various methods and age of the earth, Radio-activity and its application to geological problems, Volcanoes -causes and products, volcanic belts. Earthquakes -causes, effects, distribution and its relation to volcanic belts. Geosynclines and their classification, island arcs, deep sea trenches and mid- oceanic ridges,sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics, isostasy. Mountains-types and origin. Origin of continents and oceans.An outline of continental drift.


  • Geomorphology: Basic concepts and significance, Geomorphic process as and parameters, Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation, Relief features, topography and its relation to structures and lifhology. Major landforms, Drainage system, geomorphic features of Indian subcontinent.
  • Structural Geology: Stress and strain, ellipsoid and rock deformation, Mechanics of folding and faulting linear and planer suructures and their genetic significance. Petrofobric analysis, its graphic representation and application to geological problems. Tectonic farme work of India,
  • Palaeontology: Micro and macro-fossils. Modes of preservation and utility of fossils. General idea about classification and nomencla-ture. Organic evolution and the hearing of palaeontological studies on it. Morphology, classification and geological history including evolutionary trends of brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, ammonoids, trilobites, echinoids and corals.Principal groups of vertebrates and their main morphological characters. Vertebrate life through ages. Dinosaurs.Detailed study of evolution of horses, elephants and man Gondwana flora and its importance. Type of microfossils and their significance with special reference to petroleum exploration.
  • Stratigraphy: Principles of stratigraphy, stratigraphic classification, nomenclature standard, stratigraphical scale, Detailed study of various

geological system of Indian sub continent during geological past. Paleogeographic reconstructions.


PAPER- II- Crystallography, Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology

  • Crystallography : Crystalline and non-Crystalline substances, space groups.Lattice symmetry, Classification of crystals into 32 classes of symmetry.Intentional system of crystallographic notation Use of stereographic projections to repre-sent crystal symmetry.Twinning and twin laws, Crystal irregularities. Applications of X-rays for crystal studies. (II) Optical Mineralogy :General principles of optics, intropism and anisotropism,concepts of optical indicatrix,pleochroism, Bire-fringence and interference colours and extinction. Optical orientation in crystals. Dispersion optical accessories. (III) Mineralogy : Elements of crystal chemistry, types of bondings, ionic radil, coordination number, inomorphism, polymor-phism and seudoumorphism, structural classification of silicates. Detailed study of rock forming minerals, their physical chemical and optical properties and uses, if any. study of the alteration products of these minerals. (iv) Petrology : Magma its generation, natural and composition, simple phase diagrams binary and temary systems and their significance, Bowen’s Reaction principle, Magmatic differentiation and assimilation. Texture and structure and their pertogenetic significance. Classification of igneous rocks. Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock types of India, granites, alkaline rocks, chamockites anorthosite and Deccan basalts. Process of formation of sedimentary rock, Diagenesis and lithification. Textures and structures and their petrogenectic, significance. Classification of sedimentary rocks, clastic and non-clastic. Heavy minarals and their significance, Elementary concept of depositional environments, sedimentry, facies and provenance. Petrography of common rock types. Metamorphic processes and types of meyamorphism. Metamorphic grades, zones and facies ACF, AKF and AFM diagrams. Textures, structures and nomenclature of metamorphic rock, Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock types. (v) Economic Geology: Ore, mineral and gangue, tenor of ores, Processes of formation of mineral deposits. Common forms and structures of ore deposits. Classification of ore deposits. Control of ore deposition. Metallogenetic epochs. Study of important metalliferous and non metalliferous deposits, oil and natural gas fields, and coal fields of India, Mineral wealth of India. Mineral economics. National mineral poficy. Conservation and utilisation of minerals. (v) Applied Geology :Essentials of prospecting and exploration tech-niques. Principal methods of mining. Sampling, ore dressing and mineral benefication. Geolgical considerations in En-gineering works; Dams, Tunnels, Bridges and roads. Elements of soil and groundwater geology and geochemistry. Use of aerial photographs and satellite imageries in geological investigations.


  1. Psychology: Introduction : Overview of the subject matter. Theoretical approaches S-R. Cognitive information pro-cessing and humanisitic place of psychology in science. Sources of knowledge. Methods: Empirical methods. Methods of data collection observation, Interview, Questionnaires Tests and scales, case study. 3. Biological bases of behaviour: Outline of central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems Localization of functions in the brain, hemispheric specificity nerve impulse and its conduction, receptor system, Endocrine system, Its role in physical growth, emotional activties and personality make up. 4. Perceptual Processes: The problem of perceptural threshold classical psychophysics and signal detection theory. Attentional processes, selective attention and sustained attention. Perception of form, colour and depth. Perceptual contancy; the stability-instability paradox. Perceptual sensitivity and defence; The central deferminants. 5. Learning Proceses: Conditioning Classical and instrumental, observational learning, Verbal on, dis-crimination and generalization 6. Memory :Encoding; structural, phonological and semantic; dual encoding, Sensory memory, STM, LTM including episodic, semantic and procedural, For getting; interference and stimulus encoding variability, Constructive Memory 7. Problem Solving, Reasoning and Thinking: Process and deteminants of problem solvingInductive, and deductive reasoning hypothesis testing , Language and thought; Whorfian view-point and its critique. 8. Emotions : Nature and developmentTheories of emotions; physiological, cognitive and opponent-process, Indi-cators of emotions, recognition of emotions, 9. Motivation : Criteria of motivated Behaviour. Concepts of need, drive, arousal and incentive. Measurement of motivation. Extrinsic versus intrinsic motivation. Learned motivation 10. Ori-gin and development of behaviour: Genetic bases, Environmental factors; child rearing, deprivation, cultural fac-tors, sensory deprivation, Motor and skill development. 11. Individual differences in psychological functions: General mental ability, natural and theoretical approaches- Spearman, Thurstone Guilford, Jensen and Piaget, Creativity and creative thinking, Heritabilty of intelligence.




Psychology In the Applied Setting


  1. Psychology as an applied Science : Applied versus basic science; fields of psychology, social community, industry school, health and environment. Individual Differences and Measurement : Nature and sources of individual differences, Psychological scaling, test construction and standardization, Reliability and validity, Norms Cross- Valida-tion, cultural factors in testing. 3. Assessment of personality: lssues in personality assesment, self-report mea-sures projective techniques, response styles; familiarity with inportant personality measures like TAT. Rochash and MMPI. 4. Psychological Disorders and Mental Health: Classification of Psychological disorders (DSM-IV); symp-toms and etiology of psychoneurotic, psychotic and psychosomatic disorders; coping stress and mental health. 5. Attitude and Social Cognition: Nature of Attitude; theories of Attitude; attraction and helping, Nature of Social cognition; Social and cultural factors in perception prejudice stereotypes and group conficts. 6 Social Influence: Influence, control and power, Basis of influence; Social facilitation, Ledership in group; Group factors in performance. 7. Psychology in Industry and Organisation: Personnel selection job attitudes and job behavior, Motivational patterns in organisations Organisational models, Organistional communication, organistional effectiveness. 8. Psychology In School setting : School as a social system, School as an agent to socialization; learning; motivational and emo-tional problems of school children, factors influencing academic achievement; interventions for improving school performance. 9. Psychology In the Clinical setting : Nature and goals of Psychotheraphy, Psychoanalytic client-centered, group and behaviour therapies, community mental health, Ethical issues in therapy. 10. Environmentall Psychology : Role of environment in behaviour, personal space effect of noise pollution, effect of Human bahaviour on enviroment and crowd.




Microbiology, Pathology, Plant Diversity, Morphogenesis, Microbiology : Microbial diversity elementary idea of microbiology of air, water and soil, a general-account of microbial infection and immunity, application of microbiology with reference to agriculture, industry medicine and environment. Plant Pathology: Important plant diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi and nematodes with special relerence to root blot of crucifers, tobacco, mosaic leaf curl of papaya, cirtrus. canker, leaf blight of paddy, rust of tea, rust of wheat, smut of barley, late blight of potato red rot of sugarcane and wilt of arhar. Plant Diversity: Classification, structure, reproduction, life cycles and economic importance of viruses, bacteria, algae, fungi, bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms including fossils, mor-phology of root, stem, leaf flower and seed secondary growth; embryology, microsporogenesis and male gametophyte, megasporogenesis and female gametophyte, fertilization, embryo and endosperm, development principles of tax-onomy, modern systems of classification of angiosperms, rules of botanical nomenclature, biosystematics distin-guishing features of families-Renunculaccac, Magnoliaceae, Brassicaceae, Malvaceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Apisceae, Cucubiaceae, Solanaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae, Asteraceae, Apocyanaceae, Euphorbiceae, Arecaceae, Posceae and Orchidaceae. Morphogenesis: Correlation, Polarity, Symmetry, totipotency, differentation and regeneration of tissues and organs; morphogenetic factors, methods and applications of cell tissue, organ and protoplast cultures, somaclonal variations, somatic hybrid and cybrids.




Cell Biology, Genetices, Physiology and Biochemistry


Ecology and Economic Botany Cell Biology : Cell as structural and functional unit of life, Ultra structure of eucary-otic and procaryotic cells, structure and functions of plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum chloroplasts, mito-chondria, ribosomes, golgibodies, and nucleous: Cell cycle, mytosis and meosys, Chromosomal morphology and chemistry, numerical and structural changes in chromosomes and their cytological and genetical effects. Genetics: Mendal’s law of inheritance, interaction of genes, linkage and crossing over genetic recombination in fungi, cyanobacteria, bacteria and viruses , gene mapping, sex linkage, determination of sex, cytoplasmic inheritance of plastids; development of genetics and gene concept, genetic code; moleculr genetics-DNA as genetic material. Structure and replication of DNA, role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis (transcription and translation) and regulation of gene expression, mutation and evolution, DNA damage and repair, gene amplification, gene rearrangement, oncogene, genetic engineering-restriction enzyme, cloning vectors (pBR 322, PTi lambda phage), genetransfer, recombinant DNA, genomic libraries, application of genetic engineering in human welfare, Physiology and Biochemisty : Water relations of plants absorption, conduction of water and transpiration; mineral nutrition and ion transport, transloca-tion of phyotosynthates, essential micro-and macroelements and their function chemistry and classification of car-bohydrates; photosynthesis-mechanism and importance, factors affecting photosynthesis, C3 and C4 carbon fixa-tion cycle, photorespiration; plant respiration and fermentation, Kreb’s cycle; enzymes and coenzymes,mechanism of enzyme action: secondary metabolites (alkloids, steroids, terpenses, lipids), nitrogen fixation and nitrogen me-tabolism, structure of protein and its synthesis: Plant growth-growth movements and senescence, growth hormones and growth regulators their structure, role and importance in agriculture and horticulture; physiology of flowering, sexual incomptibility, seed germination and dormancy. Ecology : Scope of ecology, ecological factors, plant communities and plant succession; concept of biosphere; ecosystem-structure and functions, abiotic and biotic components, flow of energy in the ecosystem, applied aspects of ecology natural resourcesand their conservation, endangered, threat-ened and endemic taxa; pollution and its control. Economic Botany: Origin of cultivated plants study of plants as sources of food, fibre timber, drugs, rubber, beverage, spices, resin and gums. dyes, essential oils, pesticides and bioferilizers, ornamental plants energy plantation and petrocrops.


  1. LAW: PAPER-1
  1. Constitutional Law of India : 1. Nature of Indian Constitution, Salient features, Nature of Fundamental Rights with special reference to Right to equality, Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression. Right to Life and Personal liberty and Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights. 3. Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties


  1. Constitutional Position of the President and relationship with the Council of Ministers. Constitutional postion of Governors and their power. 6.Supreme Court and High Courts, their powers and jurisdiction. 7 Principles of Natural Justice.8. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and States, Administrative and Financial relations between the Union and States. 9.Delegated legislation; its constitutionality and judicial and legislative controls. 10. Freedom of Trade and commerce in India. 11. Emergency Provisions. 12. Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants. 13. Parliamentary privileges and ammenities. 14. Amendment of the Constitution.
  2. International Law : 1. Nature of International Law. 2. Source: Treaty, Custom, General principles of law recognised by civilized nations, subsidiary means for the determination of law. 3.Relationship between international Law and Mu-nicipal law. 4. State Recognition and State Succession. 5. Territory of States: modes of acquisition and loss of territory. 6. Sea: Inland waters; Territorial Sea; Contiguous Zone; Continental Shelf; Exclusive Economic Zone and Ocean beyond national jurisdiction. 7. Air space and aerial navigation. 8. Outer space: Exploration and use of outer space. 9. Individuals: Nationality, Statelessness, Human Rights and is enforcement. 10. Jurisdiction of States: basis of juris-diction and immunity from jurisdiction.11. Extradition and Asylum. 12. Diplomatic and Consular Agents. 13. Trea-ties: Formation, application and termination. 14. State Responsibility. 15. United Nations: Purposes and principles; principal organs and their powers and functions. 16. Peaceful means for settlement of International disputes. 17. Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence and interventions. 18. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons.


1- A. LAW OF CRIMES: (a) Concept of Crimes, Elements, Preparations, and attempt to commit crime. (b) (1) Indian Penal Code, 1860 i. GENERALexceptions ii. Joint and Constructive liability iii. Abetment iv. Criminal conspiracy. V. Offences against the state vi. Offences against Public Tranquility.vii. Offences against Human Body Viii. Of-fences against Property ix. Offences Relating to Marriage x. Defamation.


  1. Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1965 Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 4. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1964. B. LAW OF TORTS : i. Nature of tortious liability ii. Liability based upon fault and strict liability.iii. Statutory liability. iv. Vicarious liability v. Joint fort feasors vi. Negligence vii. Occupier’s liability and liability in respect of structures. viii. Detention and conversion. ix.Defamation. x. Nuisance. xi. False imprisonment and malicious prosecution.


  1. Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law: Formation of contract ii. Factors vitiating consent. iii. Void, Voidable, illegal and unenforceable contracts. iv. Perfomance of contracts.v. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustra-tion of contracts. vi. Quasi contracts. vii. Remedies for breach of contract. viii. Sales of goods Act, 1930. ix. Indian Partnership Act, 1932. x. Negotiable Instruments Act.






  1. Animal Nutrition : 1. Energy nutrition, Energy sources, energy metabolian, Requirements of energy for mainte-


nance and production of milk, meat eggs and work energy evaluation of foods. 2. Protein nutritions : Sources of protein digestion and metabolism of protein evaluation, Requirement of protein maintenance and production, Energy protein ratio in a ration. 3.Mineral nutrition : Sources, function, deficiency symptoms, requirments for animals and their re-lationship with vitamins.4. Vitamins, hormones and Feed additives : Sources,function, deficiency,symptorns, re-quirements and interrelationship with minerals. 5. Applied nutrition : Evaluation of feeding experiments, digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and measures of feed energy. Nutrient requirement for growth maintenance and production, Balanced ration. 6. Ruminant nutrition : Nutrient and their metabolism with reference to milk produc-tion and its composition, Nutrient requirements and feed formulation for calves, heifers, dry and milking cows and buffaloes. 7. Non-ruminant nutrition: Nutrient and their metabolism. with special reference to meat and egg produc-tion. Nutrient requirements and feed formulation for rayer broiler and pig.


  1. Animal Physiology : 1. Growth and animal production : Parental and Post natal growth, maturation, growth curves,


measures of growth, factors affecting growth, bodycomposition and meat quality. 2 Milk Production: Hormonal control of mammary development, Milk secretion and milk ejection, composition of milk of cows and buffaloes. 3. Animal Re-production : Male and female reproductive organs, their components and functions. 4. Digestive physiology : Or-gans of digestion and their function, Digestion of carbohydrates, protein and fat in numinants and non-ruminants.5. Enviromnent Physiology : Physiology ralations and their regulation mechanism of adaptation, environmental fac-tors and regulatory mechanism involved in animal bahaviour, Method of controlling climatic stress. 6. Semen quality, preservation and artificial inseminations : Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, physical and chemical properties of ejaculated semen, semen preservation, composition, of diluents, sperm, concentration, trans-port of diluted semen, deep freezing techniques.




  1. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT : 1. Commercial Diary Farming : Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries, Dairying under mixed farming and as specialised farming economic dairy farming, starting of dairy farm capital and land requirement , organisation of dairy farms, procurement of goods, opportunities in dairy farming, factors determing the efficiency of dairy animals, herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production, Pricing policy personnel management. 2. General Management : Management of lovestock (pregnant and milking cows, newly born calves), livestock records priciples of clean milk production, economics of livestock farming, hous-ing for livestock and poultry, General problems of sheep, goat, pigs and poultry management. 3. Feeding Manage-ment : Developing practical and economic ration for dairy cattle supply of green fodder throughout the year, Land and fodder requirement of dairy farms, Feeding regimes for dry, young stock, bults, heifers and breeding animals. 4. Man-agement of animals under drought condition : Feeding and management of animals under drought flood and other natural climatics.


  1. Milk and Milk products Technology : 1. Milk Technology : Organization of rural milk, procurement, collection and transport of raw milk. Quality, testing, and grading of raw milk, Quality storage grade of whole milk skimmed milk and


cream. Processing, Packing, storing, distributing, marketing, defects and their control and nutritive properties of the following milk. Pasteurized, stardardized, toned double toned sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recom-bined and flavoured milk, Culture and their management, Youghurt, Dahi, Lassi, sterilized,homogenized, reconstiuted recombined and flavoured milk, Culture and their management, Youghurt, Dahi, Lassi, Srikhand ,legal standards, sanitation, Requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk-plant equipments. 2. Milk product Technology : Selection of raw materials, assembling, production processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk products such as but-ter, ghee, khoa, chenna, cheese,, condensed, evaporated, dry milk, baby food, icecream and kulfi, Testing grading, judging of milk products. BIS and Agark specification, legal standards, quality control and nutritive propereties, Packing, processing and operational control cost. 3. Milk by-products Technology : Whey products, butter milk, lactose and casein.




  1. General and Animal Breeding : 1. Animal Genetics : Mitosis and meiosis, Mendelian inheritance, deviation to Men-delism genetics, Expression of genes. Linkage and crossing over, sex determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters. Blood group and polymorphism, chromosomal aberrations, Gene and its structure, DNA as genetic material, genetic code and protein synthesis, recombinant DNA technology, Mutations, types of mutations, methods for de-tecting mutations and mutation role. 2. Population Genetics applied to Animal Breeding :Quantitative vs. Quali-tative traits. Hardy weinbery law, populations vs. Individual gene and genotype frequency. Forces changing genen frequency. Random drift and small population. Inbreeding method of estimating inbreeding co-efficient, system of in-breeding. Effective population size, Breeding value estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation, partoning of variation, geotype environment correlation and gemotype environment interaction.3. B. Breeding System


Heriablity, repeatability and genetic and phenotypic correlations. their method of estimation and precision of esti-mates Aids to selection and their relative ments, individual pedigree, family within family selection, progeny testing, methods of selections, basis of selection. Response to selection and its measure, selection differential sirindex se-lection index, recurrent and reciprocal recurrent selection, establishment of new breed, inbreeding, out breeding, up-grading, hybridization , cross breeding, out crossing. B. HEALTH AND HYGIENE : 1. Anatomy of ox and fowl, Histo-logical techniques, freezing paraffin embedding etc. Preparation and staining of blood film. 2. Common histotlgical stain and embryology of cow. 3. Physiology of blood and its; circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion: endocrine gland in health and diseases. 4. General knowledge of parmacology and therapetics of drugs. 5. Veterinary hygeine with respect of water, air and habitatior. 6. Milk hygeine.


  1. ANIMAL DISEASES : 1. Immunity and Vaccination : Principles and methods of lmmunisation of animals against specific diseases, herd immunity, disease free Zone, zero disease concept, chemprophylaxis. 2. Diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats : Etiology, symptorns, diagnosis, prevention and control and disease, treatment of the fol-lowing: Anthrax, haemorrhagic, septicaemia, Balock quarter, mastitis, tuberculosis, Johnes disease, food and mouth disease, Rinder pest, rabies, Priroplasmosis, Trypanosomiasis, Faciolisis, Milk fever and Tympanitis. Diseases of new born calf. 3. Diseases of poultry : Etiology symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, control and treatments of Ranikhet disease, Fowlpox, Aviam Leusocis complex, Marek’s disease and gumboro disease. 4. Disease of Swine : Swine fever, Hogcholera. 5. Disease of Dog : Canine distemper, Parvo disease, Rabies in pets in relation to human health.


  1. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH : 1. Zoonoses : Classification definition, role of animals and birds in prevalence and


transmission of Zoonotic disease. 2. Veterinary Jurisprudence : Rule and regulations for improvement of animals quality and prevention of animal diseases, Materials and methods for collection of samples for veterolegal investi-gation. 3. Duties and role of vetemian in slaughter houses to provide meat that is produced under ideal hygienic conditions. 4. By-products from slaughter houses and their economic utilization. 5. Method of collection,preserva-tion and processing of hormonal glands for medicinal use.


  1. EXTENSION : Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension,different methods, adopted to educate farmers, under rural conditions, Generation of technology,, its transfer and feed back, Problems and con-straints in transfer of technology, Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.



PAPER I – Probability Theory and Statistical Application


GROUP-A- PROBABILITY THEORY : Sample Space and Events, Classical and Axiomatic Definitions of Probability. Properties of Probability Measure, Conditional Probability, Independence of Events, Bayes Theorem and its Appli-cations. Random Variable and its Distribution Function, Elementary Properties of Distribution Function, Discrete and Continuous Random Variables, Vibariate Distribution and Associated Marginal and Conditional Distributions- Expec-tation, Moments, Moment Generating and Characteristic Functions, Markov and Chebyshev Inequalities, Convergence in probability, Weak Law of Large Numbers and Central Limit Theorem for independently and Identically Distributed Random Variables. Some standard Discrete and Continuous Distributions, viz., Bionomial, Poisson, Hypergeomet-ric, Geometric Negative Bionomial, Multinomial, Uniform, Normal, Exponential, Gamma, Beta and Cauchy. Bivariate Normal Distribution.


GROUP- B-STATISTICAL APPLICATIONS : Linear Regression and Correlation, Product Moment correlation, Rank Correlation, Intra-class Correlation and Correlation Ratio, Multiple and Partial Correlational and Regression for Three Variables. Principles of Experimental Design, One-Way and Two-Way Analysis of Variance with Equal number of Ob-servations per Cell, Completely Randomized Design, Randomized Block Design, Latin Square Design, 22 and 23 Factorial Experiments, Missing Plot Technique. Sources of Demographic Data, Stable and Stationary Populations, Measures of Fertility and Mortality, Life Tables, Simple Poputations, Measures of Fertility and Mortality, Life Tables, Simple Popu-lation Growth Models and Population Projection Techniques. Index Numbers, and their Uses, Index Numbers due to Laspeyre, Paasche, Marshall-Edgeworth and Fisher, Tests for Index Numbers, Construction for Price Index Number and Cost of living Index Number. Times Series and its Components,Determination of Trend and Seasonal Indices, Periodogram and Correlogram Analysis, Variate Difference Method.



GROUP-A-STATISTICAL INFERENCE : Properties of Estimators, Consistency, Unbiasedness, Efficiency, Sufficiency and Compltences, Cramer-Rao Bound, Minimum Variance Unbased Estimation, Rao-Blackwell Theorem. Estimation Procedures, Method of Moments and Method of Maximum Likelihood, Properties of Estimators, Interval Estimation. Simple and Composite Hypotheses, Two Kinds fo Errors, Critical Region, Level of Significance, Size and Power Function, Unbased Tests, Most- Powerful and Uniformly Most Powerful Tests, Neyman-Pearson Lemma and its Applications, Likefihood Ratio Tests. Tests based on t, x2, z and F-distributions, Large Sample Tests, Variance Stabilizing Trans-formations. Distributions of Order Statistics and Range, Non- parametric Tests, Viz…Sign Test, Median Test, Run Test, Wilcoxon-Mann- Whitney Test.


GROUP – B – STATISTICAL MANAGEMENT : Nature of Operations Research Problems, Linear Programming Problem and the Graphical Solution in simple Cases, Simplex Method, Dual of Linear Programming Problem, Allocation and Transportstion Problems. Zero sum two-person game, Pure and Mixed Strategies, Value of a Game, Fundamental Theo-rem, Solution of 2×2 Games. Nature and Scope of Sample Survey, Sampling vs. Complete Enumeration, Simple Ran-dom Sampling from Finite Populations with and Without Replacement, Stratified Sampling and Allocation Principles, Cluster Sampling with Equal Cluster Size. Ratio, Product and Regression Methods of Esitmation and Double Sampling, Two Stage Sampling with Equal First Stage Units, Systematic Sampling. Statistical- Quality Control, Control Charts for Variables and Attributes (R),(-s) p.n.p and C Charts.


Acceptance-Sampling, OC, ASN and ATI Curves, Producers risk and Consumer’s risk, Concept of AQL, AOQL and LTPD, Single and Double Sampling Plans. Scaling Procedures, Scaling of Test ltems, Test Scores, Qualitative Judge-ments, Theory of Tests, Parallel Tests, True Score, Reliability and Validity of Tests.



PAPER- I Evolution of Strategic thoughts (Section-A)


  1. Concpet and theories of Conflict (a) Origin, perceptions, processes, escalation, goal achivement, etc,of conflicts fn human social relation and its relevance to international conflict. (b) Conflict as War : State behaviour, causes, cor-relates, domestic sources, glogal structural sources, commencement and termination, negotiation, ecology of war-fare etc. (c) Concepts of war and Its relation with politics : Classical thought and trends from Mechiaveli to Nuclear Age. (2) (a) Kautilya’s philosophy of war and his strategic contribution. (b) Suntzu’s thoughts on war. (c) Thoughts of Jomini and Clausewitz on Strategy, Tactics, Logistics, Principles of War and Nature of War War and industrial sociely with reference to the views of Marx Engles. 4.Concepts and Theories of Revolutionary War and Guerrilla Warfare with reference to the views of Lenin, Mao to tung, Che Guevara, Regis Denbray and Giap. 5. Economic Bases of militarypower : (a) Economics of war. (b) Linkages between commercial, financial, industrial, economic and politic ; military strengths and weaknesses of a nation-state. (c) Arms trace and theory of donor- recipient behaviour. (d) Post-war economy and reconstruction. 6. Theories of Land, Sea and Air warfare : (a) Theories of land warfare with reference to mobile defence, use of tank and machine, warfare and propounded by Liddeli Hast and J.F.C Fuller. (b) Views of A.T. Mahan on the elements of sea power and naval strategy. (c) Continental doctrine of sea power. (d) Heartland theiroes of Halford Mackinder. (e) Heartland theories based on National Power.(f) Theories of Air power as propounded by G. Douhet, Mitchell and Alexander de Seversky.




  1. German Concept of total war with reference to the views of Luideadroff ; German strategy in the Machine Age.


  1. Military strategy of Allied Powers during the World War II Soviet military strategy with reference to the views of Lenin Trosky, Stalin and V.D Sokolovsky. 10. Concept and theories of deterrence: (a) Concepts and theories of conventional deterrence. (b) Concept and theories of nuclear deterrence with reference to the views of Liddell Hart, Andre Beaufre,Y. Harkavi and Henry Kissinger. 11. Concepts of Disarmament. 12. Concept and theories of Arms Control and Disarmament. 13. Concept and the theories of ‘Peace –keeping’ and Peace building. 14.Theories of Conflict Resolution, Methods of Conflict Resolution, Gandhian teachniques of Conflict Resolution.




  1. Conceptuall framework of National Security in the contemporary strategic thinking. Evolution of National Security thinking and problematics. 3. Theories of National Power. (a) Definitive framework of National Power. (b) The impression of Power as a concept. (c) Power profile of nation stases. (d) Non-Power influence. (e) Elements of National Power


(i) Tangible elements : Geography, Population, Extent of Territory. Natural Resources, Industrial Compacity, Financial


Capability, Scientific and Technological Capability, Military Capability. (ii) Intangible elements : Leadership. Bureaucratic and Organizational Efficiency. Type of Government, Social and Ethnic cohasiveness, National, Character and Requtation, National, Morale, Public Support. 4. Concept and models of International Security. (i) Conceptual frame work of International Security during the Cold War and Post Cold War Periods. (ii) Balance of Power (iii) Collective Security (iv) Collective Defence (v) Non-Alignment. (5). Concept and theories of conventional and nuclear deterrence. 6. (i) Arms proliferation as constraint to National. Regional and International Security. (ii)



Prospects for Arms control. 7. International Terrorism :  Concept and dimensions. 8. Insurgency and


Counter- Insurgency: Concepts and dimensions. 9. Co-relation between Foreign, Defence and Domestic policies. 10. Historical Legacy, Geo-political and Geo Strategical consideration of India’s Security.



  1. NATIONAL SECURITY PROBLEMATICS AND INDIA QUEST FOR SECURITY : (a) India is the world strategic arena; Contemporary trends. (b) India’s quest for security Vis-avis Pakistan (till-date); Pakistan’s conventional nuclear and missile programmes and their impact no India defence, India’s options. (c) India-China boundary dispute; Positions and Polemics: efforts for the settlement of boundary dispute; framework of Cooperative Security between India and China. (d) India’s mutuality of strategic and other interests with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Mayanmar, Srilanka, Maldives and Afganistan. (e) Role of extra- regional power in the Post-Cold War South Asian strategic milieu and India’s security considerations. (f) Need of Confidence and Security Building Measures’ for India and its South Asia neighbours. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INDIA’S SECURITY : (a) India’s scientific and technological base for National Defence. (b) Need for India’s integrated science policy. (c) India’s defence industrialization and achievements. (d) Indian’s Research and Development (R&D) 13. INDIA’S NUCLEAR POLICY AND OPTIONS : (a) India’s need for Nuclear power. (b) India’s Nuclear breakthroughs. (c) India’s nuclear options in a nuclearised world. (14) INDIAN OCEAN AND INDIA’S SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS : (a) Strategic mileu in and around the Indian Ocean region (b) India’s security problems in relation to the Indian Ocean region (c) Indian’s maritime security and its needs for naval power projections; 15. India’s over-all security perspectives and defence preparedness. 16. INTERNATIONAL SECURITY OF INDIA : (a) Harmful internal; threats and challenges-diminution of social and ethnic cohesiveness. communalism, linguistic differences; regionalism: rise of ethno nationalism. poor governability and political instability, corruption in the various walks of National life overpopulations and ethnic migration across the borders rising but frustrated expectations of people at the root of insecurity; ecological imbalances and economic problems.


(b) Low Intensity Conflicts (LIC) in India with special reference to Jammu & Kashmir and North- East region.


(c) Identification of the problems of Internal Security and conditions for the use of military; pros and cons.

(d) imperatives of comprehensive National Security-Strategy.



The candidates are expected to be acquainted with various aspects of Management. They should be able to apply theory to practice in the context of world business, in general. and business function in India, in particular. For this, they are expected to be well conversant with the environment, in with business functions in India. They should also be able to display knowledge and application of managerial tools of analysis and decision-making in various functional areas.


Paper –1


  1. Management Concepts and Evolution : Concept and significance of Management: Management as science of art as a profession and distinction between management and administration. Roles and responsibilities of management; Principles of management Evoluton of management-classical school, new-classical school, modern management school: contribution of management experts. Planning and Decision Makings : Planning-nature, type, significance and limitations; objectives of Organization, MBO; Plans objectives; policies: procedures: planning premises and forecasting. Techniques of forecasting. Decision- making- types, process; Rational decision making-its- limitations. 3. Organisation and Organizational Behaviour : Organisation-concept. Factors affecting, Departmentation and assignment of activities, Span of management: Authority and responsibility. Authority-meaning, types. sources. Acceptance of authority; Delegation of authority meaning principles and obstacles to delegation; Centralisation and decentralisation of authority; Organisatonal behaviour-concept and significance; individual and group behaviour. Oganisational Change. 4. Directing : Directing meaning principles and techniques: Motivation-Theories: Contribution of Maslow, Herzberg, Mc Gregor, McLeland, and other leading authorities: Leadership meaning functions and types: qualifies of successful leader, Various theories of leadership; Communication-meaning, functions and types: qualities of a successful leader, Various theories of leadership; authroties; Leadership-meaning. Functions and types; qualifies of a successful leader. Various theories of leadership; Communication-meaning, types and techniques: barriers to communication: Measures for effctives communicaton. 5. Controlling and Co-ordinating ; Controlling-meaning process; pre-requisites for effctives controlling, Methods of controlling. budgetary and non budgetary, Co-ordination, Principles, Techniques and barriers to Co-ordination. 6. Business Environments : Concept and significance of Business environment, lnterplay between business unit and environment, social responsibilities of business, Business ethics; Industrial Policy: Monetary Policy, Fiscal Policy: Foreign capital and foreign collaboraton; Multinationals in India: Causes of concentration of economic power, control of monopoly.




Concept and functions of marketing, Marketing mix; Market segmentation and product differentiation; Product modificaton and product life-cycle. Consumer motivation and behaviour: Demand forecasting. Sales promotion: Advertising: Salesmanship and management of sales force. Role and techniques of marketing research. Marketing audit and coutrol. Decision ideas in International Marketing. Rural Marketing in India.




Meaning and nature of production Management. Type of Production systems. Production planning and control, Ranking, loading and scheduling for different types of production system. Plant location and site selecton. Plant layout and material handling. Production design. Value analysis Quality control, Inventory Control: ABC Analysis, Determination of EOQ, Reader point and safety stock Waste Management.



Meaning and scope, Estimating the firm’s financial requirements; Capital Structure determination; Cost of Capital; the Size of Working Capital; Managerial dimensions of Working Capital, Management of Long-Term Funds; Capital market, insitutional mechanism for funds. Leasing and sub-contracting. Investment decisions, Criteria for investment appraisal; Risk Analysis in Investment decision. Financial Management in Public Enterprises with reference to India.




Nature scope and significance of Human Resources Recruitment and Training Development; Promotion and Transfer; Performance appraisal; Job evaluation and Merit rating. Wage and salary administration. Employee moral and Motivation. Industrial Democracy and workers participation in Management, Collective Bargaining. Descipline and Grievance handling. Conciliation and adjudication, Trade Unionism in India.



  1. Political Theory : (1) Nature and scope of political Science. Different approaches to the study of Political Traditional and contemporary- Behavioural, systemes and Marxist. (2) Nature of Moderm State, Theories of Sovereignty, Power, Authority and Legitimacy. (3) Theories of Rights, Liberty, Equality and Justice. (4) Theories of Democracy. (5) Liberalism, Socialism and Marxism. (6) Political Philolsophy: Kautilya and Manu; Plato and Aristotle; St. Thomas Acquinas and Marsiglio of Padua; Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau; Montesquieu, Bentham and J.S. Mill, Hegal, T.H. Green, Herold, J. laski; Marx, Lenin and Mao Tse Tung.




  1. Government and Politics with Special Reference of India : (1) Forms of Government : Unitary and Federal, Parliamentary and Presidential. (2) Political Institutions : Legislature Executive and Judiciary, Political Parties and Pressure Groups; Electroal System; Bureaucray’s Role in Modern Government. (3) Political Process: Political Culture and Political Socialization, Modernization and political development.


  1. INDIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM (a) Rise of Indian Nationalism : Social and Political Ideas of Gokhale, Tilak, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Jinna and B.R. Ambedkar (b) Indian Constitution : Basic features, Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles: The Union Government; President, Prime-Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament and Supreme Court; State Government, Powers and position of the Governor, Centre- State Relations, Local Government with special reference of Panchayati Raj. (c) Indian Politics Process : Caste in Politics, Regionalism, Linguism and Communalism, Political Parties and Pressure Groups, Violence in Indian politiecs, National integration.




  1. International Relations and International Politics ; Definition, Nature and Scope. Theories of International Politics : The Realist, Systems, and Decision making theories. 3. Factors determinings foreign policy; National Interest, ideology, Elements of National Power. 4. Nationalism and imperialism; Decolonization; Rise of New-Colonialism. 5. Balance of power as foreign policy choice, its relevance in present tunes. 6. TheCold War: Détente; New Cola War and Current World Order. 7. The new International Economic Order and its significance & Role of International Law in Internatioal Relations. 9. Role of Diplomacy in International Politics. 10. International Organizations the U.N. and its agencies; International Court of Justice, Role of U.N. international Relations. 11. Regional Organizations ; OAS, OAU, The Arableague, SAARC, The ASEAN, The EEC and their role in International Relations. 12. Arms race : Efforts at conventional and nuclear disarmament and arms control. Impact of Nuclear Power on international Politics. 13. Nonalignment: Origin, role and its current relevance in international relation.




  1. Foreign Policies of U.S.A., Russia and China. India’s Foreign Policy and its relations with U.S.A. Russia and China. 3. India and its neighbours. 4. Zones of Regional conflict and cooperation; West Asia, South Asia and South East Asia. 5. Third World and its role international relations, North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation. 6. Indian Ocean: Problems and Prospects.




  1. Sources and approaches to study of early Indian History. Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The archaeological evidence. 3. The Indus Civilization: its origins, nature and decline. 4.Patterns of settlement, economy, social organization and religion in India (c. 2000 to 500 B.C.): archaeological perspectives. 5. Evolutions of North Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic Texts (Samhitas of Sutras). 6. Teachings of Mahavira And Buddha. Contemporary Society. Early phase of state formation and urbanization. 7. Rise of Magadha: the Mauryan Empire. Ashoka’s inscriptions; his dharma. Nature of the Mauryan State. 8-9. Post-Mauryan period in Northern and Peninsular India: Political and Adminsrative History. Social, Economy, Culture and religion. Tamilaham and its Society: and Sangam Texts. 10-11. India changes in the Gupta and post- Gupta period (to c. 750): political history of northern and peninsular India; Samanta System and changes in political structure; economy; Social Structure; culture; religion. 12. Themes in early Indian cultural history; languages and texts; major stages in the evolution of art and architecture; major philosophical thinkers and schools; ideas in science and mathmatics.


  1. India, 750-1200: Polity Society and economy, Major dynasties and political Structures In North India. Agrarian structures “Indian Feudalism”. Rise of Rajputs. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. Village communites in the South. Conditions for women. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds; town. Problem of coinage. Arabs conquest of Sind; the Ghanavide Empire. 14 India, 750-1200; Culture, Literature, Kalhana, historian. Styles of temple architecture; sculpture. Religious thought and institution Sankaracharya’s vedanta. Ramanuja. Growth of Bhakti, Islam and its arrival in India. Sufism. Science, Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization. 15. The 13th century: The Ghorian invasions. Factors behind Gorian success. Economic, Social and cultural consequences, Foundation of the Suitanate. The “slave” Dyansty, lltutmish: Balban. “The Khaliji Revolution” Early Sultanate architecture. 16. The 14thcentury: Alauddin Khaliji’s conquests, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tuglaq’s major “project”s Flruz Tughluq’s concessions and public works. Decline of the Sultanate. Foregin Contacts: Ibn Battuta. 17. Economy society and culture and the 13th and 14th Centuries. Cast and slavery under Sultanate. Technological Changes. Sultanate architecture. Persion literature. Amir Khushrau, Historiography, ziya Barani. evolution of composite culture. Sufism in North India. Lingayats. Bhakti Schools in the south. 18. The 15th and early 16th Century (Political History). Rise of Provincial Dynasties : Bengal, Kashmir (Zainul Abedin), Gujarat, Malwa, Bahmanids. The Vijayanagra Empire. Lodis. Mughal Empire, First Phase: Babur, Humayan. The sure Empire: Sher Shah’s administration. The Protuguese colonial enterprise. 19. The 15th and early 16th Century (society, economy and culture). Regional cultures and liteatures. Provincial architectural styles. Society, Culture, Literature and the arts in Vijayanagra Empire. Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nanak Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya, Sufism in its Pantheistic phase. 20. Akbar : His conquests and consolidation of empire. Establishment of Jagir and Mansab systems. His Rajput Policy. Evolution of religious and social outlook. Theory of Suth-i-kul and religious policy. Abdul Fazl, thinker and historian. Court patronage of art and thchnology. 21. Mughal empire in the 17th Century. Manjor policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir, Shajahan and Aurangzeb. The Empire and the Zamindars. Nature of the Mughal state. Late 17 th Century crisis: Revolts. The Ahon kingdom, Shivaji and the early maratha Kingdom. 22. Economy and Society, 16th and 17 th Centuries. Population. Agricultural and craft production. Towns, commerce with Europe through Dutch, English and French companies-a “trade revolution”. Indian mercantile classes. Banking, insurance and credit systems. Conditions of peasants, Famines. Condition of Women. 23. Culture during MughalEmpire. Persian literature (including historical works). Hindi and religious literatures. Mughal architecture. Mughal painting. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Classical music. Science and technology Sawai Jai Sing, astronomer. Mystic electism: Dara Shikoh, Vaishnav Bhakti, Maharastra Dharma. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa). 24. First half of 18thCentury. Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. The regional principalities (Nizam’s Deccan, Bengal, Awadh) Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. Emergency of Afghan Power. Panipat, 1761. Internal weakness. Political cultural and economic, on eve of the British conquest.

Paper – II Section-A


  1. Establishment of British rule In India : Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore, Maratha confederacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance; Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse. Colonial Economy : Tributes System. Drain of wealth and “deindustrialisation’’. Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari, Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements), Structure of the British Raj up to 1857; (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation). 3. Resistance to colonial rule: Early uprisings; Causes, nature and inpact of the Revolt of 1857 Reorganisation of the Raj, 1858 and after. 4. Socio- cultureal impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-1857); Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy; coming of English education and the press. Christian missionary activities; Bengal Renaissance; Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas: Women as focus of social reform. 5. Economy 1858-1914: Railway: Commercialization of Indian agriculture. Growth of landless labourers; and rural indebtedness; Femines; India as market for British Industry; constoms removal, exchange and contrervailing excise; Limited grow the of modern industry. 6. Early Indian nationalism: Social background; Formation of national associations Peasent and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era; Fundation of the Indian National Congress. The moderate phase of the congress; Growth of Extremism; The Indian council Act of 1909; Home Rule Movement, the Govermment of India Act of 1919. 7. Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection; Agricultural distress. The Great Depression; Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection; the growth of trade unions; The Kisan Movement; The economic programme of the Congress Karachi Resolution, 1931. 8.Nationalism under Gandhi’s leadership: Gandhi’s career though and methods of mass mobilization, Rowlatt Satyagraha, Khailafat Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India movement, State people’s Movement. 9. Other stands of the National Movement: (a) Revolutionary movements since 1905; (b) Constitutional politics; Swarajists, Liberals, Responsive Co-operation; (c) Ideas of Jawahalal Nehru, (d) The Left (Socialists and Communists); (e) Subhash Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. (f)Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha; (g) Women and National Movement. 10. Literary and cultural movement: Tagore. Premc hand, Subramanayam Bharti, Iqbal as examples only; New trends in art ; Film Industry, Writers Organisations and. Theater Association. 11. Towards freedom: The Act of 1935; Congress Ministries, 1937-1939, The Pakistan movement Post-1945 upsurge (Rim Mutiny, Telangana uprising etc.); Constitutional negotiations and the Transfer of power, 15 August 1947. 12. First phase of Independence (1947- 64)Facing the consequences of partition; Gandhiji’s murder, economic dislocaton; Integration of State; The democratic constitution, 1950; Agrarian reforms. Building and Industrial Welfare state; planning and industrialisation; Foregin Policy of Non-alignment: Relations with neighbours.




  1. Enlightenment and Modern Ideas – 1. Renaissance Background. Mojor ideas of Enlightenment: Kant, Rousseau. 3. Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe. 4. Rise of Socialist ideas (to marx).
  2. origins of Modern Politics – European States System. 2. Americal Revolution and the Constitution. 3. Frence revoluton and after math, 1789-1815. 4. British Democratic Politics. 1815-1850, Parliamentry Reformers: Free Trades Charitists.


  1. Industrialization: 1. English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impect on Society. Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan. 3. Socialist industrialization: Soviet and Chiness.


  1. Nation-State System – 1 Rise of Nationalism in 19th Century Nationalsm: State-building in Germany and ltaly. 3. Disintegration of Empires though the emergency of nationalities.


  1. Imperialism and Colonialism – 1. Colonial System (Exploitation of New world. Tran-atlantic Slave Trade, Tribute from Asian Conquests. Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Lain America, South Africa, Indonesia, Australia. 3. Imperialism and Free Trade. The New imperialism.


  1. Revolutions and Counter- Revolution – 1. 19th Century European revolutions. The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921. 3. Fascist Counter-Revolution, ltaly and Germany. 4. The Chinese Revolution of 1949.


  1. World Wars – 1. 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications. World war- 1: Cause and Consequences. 3. World War-Il : Political consequence.


  1. Cold War – 1 Emergence of two Blocs. Intergration of west Europe and Us Stragegy; Communist East Europe. 3. Emergenc of Third World and Non-Alignment. 4. UN and Dispute Resolution.


  1. Colonial Liberation – 1. Latin America- Bolivar. Arab World – Egypt. 3. Africa- Apartheid of Democracy. 4. South-East Asia-Vietnam.


  1. Decolonization and underdevelopment – Decolonization: Break up colonical empires: British, Frenceh, Dutch. Foctors Constraining Development: Latin America, Africa.


  1. Unification of Europe- Post War foundations: NATO and Eurpean Community. 2. Consolidation and expansion of European Community European Union.


  1. Soviet Disintegration and the Unipolar World – Factors in the collapes of soviet communism and the Soviet Union. 1985-1991. 2. Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992. 3. End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the world. 4. Globalizaton.


  1. SOCIAL WORK : Paper- I – Social work: Philosophy and Methods.


Social work: Meaning, Objectives, Scope, Assumptions & Values; History of Social work in U.K. U.S.A. and India, philosophy of Social Work. Democratic (Equality, Justice Liberty & Fraternity ) and Humanitarian (Human Rights) Matrix. Social works as a profession.

Methods of Social work


Social Case work : Meaning, Scope Principles, Processes (Psychosocial study, Assessments, treatment-goal formulation and techniques), Evaluation, Follow-up and Rehabilitation. Social Groups work: Meaning, Objective, Principles, Skills, Processes (Study, Diagnosis, treatment and evaluation), Programme, Planning and Development, Role of Social group worker, Leadership Development.


Community organization : Meaning, Objective, Principles, Approaches, Roles of Community Organization Worker.



Social Welfare Administration : Meaning Scope, Auspices-Private and Public, Principles, Basic Administrative Processes and Practicedecision making communication, planning. organisation, budgeting and finacial control, reporting. Social work Research : Meaning objectives, types, scope, scientific method, Selection and formulation of the problem Research Design Sampling, Sources and Methods of Data Collection, Processing of Data, analysing and interpretation, Report writing. Social Action: Meaning, Scope, approaches (Sarvodays, Antyodaya etc.) and Strategies.

Paper- II


Social Problems and Fields of Social work in India Problem pertaining to Marriage, Family and caste: Dowry- child Marriage, Divorce, Families with working couples, Disorganised Families, Families with Emigrant Heads of the Households, Gender Inequality, Authoritarian Family structure, Major Changes in Caste systems and problem of casteism. Problems Pertaining of Weaker Sections. Problems of Children, Women Aged. Handicapped and Backward Classes (SCs, STs, and other Backward Classes). Problems of Deviance: Truancy Vagrancy and Juvenile Delinquency, Crime, White Colla Crime, Organized Crime, Collective Violence, Terrorism, Prostitution and Sex Related Crimes. Social Vices: Alcohilism. Drug Addiction, Beggary, Corruption and communalism. Problems of Social Structure : Poverty, Unemployment, Bonded Labour, Child Labour. Fields of Soclalwork India :Child Development, Development of Youth, Women’s Empowerment, Welfare of aged, Welfare of Physically. Mentally and Social Handicapped, Welfare of backward Classes (Scs, STs and Other Backward Classes) Rural Development Urban Community Development, Medical And Psychiatric Social work, Industrial Social work, Social Security offender Reforms.




1.1 Meaning and scope anthropology 1.2 Relationship with other discipline: History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science, Life Science, Medical Science. 1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, The scope and relevance (a) Social-cultural anthropology (b) Physical and biological Anthropology. (c) Archaelogical Anthropology. 1.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man. Organic Evolution- The ories of evoluton in historical perspective, Per-Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian Period. Modern Synthetic Theory of evolution brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll’s rule, Cope’s rule, Gause’s rule, Parallelism, covergence, adaptive radiation, mosaic evolution); Principal of systematic and taxonomy major primate taxa, tertiary and quaternary fossil primates, Systematics of Hominoidea and Hominidae, Origin and evolutions of Man-”Homo erectus and Homo sapiens”. 1.5 Phylogentic status, Characteristies and distribution of the following (a) Preplestocence fossil primates-Oreopithecus. (b) South and East African Hominids-Pleasianthropus/Australopithecus Africaus, Paranthropus, Australopithecus.(c) Paranthropus-homo erectus-Homo erectusjavanicus, Homo erectus Pekinesis. (d) Homo Heidelbergensis. (e) Neanderthal Man-La-Chapelle-aue-Saints (Classical type) Mr. Carmelites types (Progressive type) (f) Rhodesian man. (g) Homo sapiens- Cromognon, Grimaldi, Chancelede. Recent advances in understanding the evolution, distribution and multidisciplinary approach to understand a fossil type in relation of others. 1.6 Evolutionary trend and classification of the order primates, Relationship with other mammals, molecular evolution of Primates, Comparative anatomy of man and apes,, Primate locomotion terrestrial and arboreal adaptation, skeletal Changes due to errect posture and its implications. 1.7 Cultural Evolution-broad outlines of prehistoric culture (a)Paleolithic (b) Mesolithic (c) Neolithic (d) Chalcotithic (e) Copper-Bronze age (f) Iron age.

2.1 Family- Definition and typology family household and domestic groups. Basic structure and functions: Stability and changes in family. Typological and processual approaches to the study of family. Inpact of urbanizaton, Industrializaton, education and feminist movements. Universality of family- critique. 2.2 Concept of kinship: Definition of kin, incest prohibition and exogamy and endogamy Principles of descent-types and functions. Political and jural aspect of kinship. Unilineal, bilateral and double descent. Descent, filiation and complementary filiation. Kinship terminology typology and approaches to the study to terminology Alliance and descent. 2.3 Marriage- Definition, types and variation of marriage systems. Debates on the Universal definition of Marriage. Regulation of Marriage preferential, prescriptive, Prescriptive and open system. Types and form of marriage Dowry, brode-price, pestation and marriage stability.

3.1 Study of culture, patterns and processes, concept of culture, patterns of culture, relationships relationship between culture and civilization and society. 3.2 Concept of Social Change and cultural change 3.3 Social structure and social organization, Role-analysis and social network, institutions, groups community, Social Stratification: principles and form, status, class and power, gender, nature and types of mobility. 3.4 Concept of society 3.5Approaches to the study of culture and society-classical evolutionism-neo-evolutionism culture ecology, historical particularism and diffusionism, structural- functionalism, culture and personality, transaction-alism, symobolism cognative approach and new ethnography, post structuralism and post-modernism.

4.1 Definitions and functions of religion, Anthropological approaches to the study of religion-evolutionary, psychological and functional, Magic, witchcraft and sorcery, definitions and function and functionaries: Priest, saman, medicine men and sorcerers. Symbolism in religion and rituals. Ethnomedicine. Myths and rituals: definitions and approaches to their study- structural, functonal and processual relation with economic and political structures.

5.1 Meaning, scope and relevance, principles governing producton, distribution and consumption in communities subsisting on hunting-gathering, fishing, pastoralism, horticulture and other economic pursuits. Formalist and subtantivlst date-Daltan, Kart-polyanny and marx approach and. News Economic Anthropology, Exchange. Gifts, barter, trade, ceremonial exchange and market economy. 5.2 Theoretical foundations. Types of political organisatonband, tribe, chiefdom, State, concept of power, authority and legitimacy, Social Control, Law and Justice in tribal and peasant Societies.

6.1 Concepts of development Anthropological perspective. Models of development. Critiques of classical developmental theories. Concepts of planning and planned development. Concept of participatory development. Culture ecology and sustainable development. Displacement and rehabilitation.

7.1 Concepts of research in anthropology, subjectivety and reflexivity in terms of gender class ideology and ethics. Distinction between methodology, methods and techniques. Nature and explanation in anthropological research, positivistic and non-positivistic approaches. Comparative methods: nature purpose and methods of comparison in social and cultural anthropology. Basic techniques of data collection. Interview, participant and other forms of observaton, schedules, questionnaire, case-study methods, extended case study methods, life histories and secondary sources. Oral history, generalogical method, participatory, learning and assessment (PLA). Participatory rapid assessment (PRA). Analysis, interpreatation and presentation of data.

8.1 Concept, Scope and major branches of human genetics. Its relationship with other branches of science and medicine. 8.2 Method for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedegree analysis twin study foster child, co-twin methods, cytogentic method, chromosomal and karyotype analysis), biochemical method, immunological methods, D.N.A. technology and recombinant technologies. 8.3 Twin study method-zygosity, herritability estimates, present status of the twin study method and its applications. 8.4. Mendelian genetics in man-family study, single factor, multifactor, lethal, sub-lethal, and polygenic inheritance in man. 8.5 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, Mendilian populaton, Hardy-Weinberg law. causes and changes with bring down frequency-mutation, isolation, migration selection, inbreeding and genetic drift. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating. Genetic load, genetic effect of consanguineous and couslne marriages (statistical        and      probability       methods          for study         of human genetics). 8.6 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations inman methodology (a) Numerical and structural aberrations (dis-orders) (b) Sex chromosomal aberrations- Kinefelter (XXY), Turner (XO) super female (XXX) Intersex and other syndomic disorders. (c) Autosomal aberrations- Bown Syndrom, patau Edward and cri-du-chat syndromes. (d) Genetic imprints in human disease, genetic screening, genetic counselling, human DNA profiling gene mapping and genome study. 8.7 Concept of race in histrological and biological perspective. Race and recism, biological base of morphological variation of non-metric race in histrological and biological perspective. Race and racism, biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. Racial criteria, racial traits in relation to heredity and environment: biological basis of recial classification, recial differenctial and reac- corossing in man 8.8 Ethinic group of mankind-charcteristes and distribution in world, recial classification of human groups. Principal living peoples of world. Their distribution and characteristics. 8.9 Age, Sex and population veriation in genitc marker- ABO, RH blood groups, HLA, HP transferrin, Gm, blood enzymes-physiological characteristics- Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic group. Impact or smoking air pollutions, alcoholism, drug and occupational hazards on health.

9.1 Concepts and Methods of Ecological Anthoropology Adaptation social and cultural Deteministics theories a critique. Resources-biological, non biofogical and sustainable development. Biological adaptation- climatic, environmental, nutritional and genetic.

10.1 Relevance in understading of contemporary society-Dynamics of ethincitiy at rural, tribal, urban and international levels. Ethric confilicts and political developments. Concepts of ethnic boundaries. Ethnicity and concept of nation state.

11.1 Concept of human growth of development-stages of growth-prenatal, natal, intant, childhood adolescence, maturity, senescence, Factors affecting growth and development genetic, environmental, biochemical nutiritiona, cultural and socio-economic ageing and sensescence. Theories and observations-biological and chronological longevity. Human physique and somatotypes. Methodologies for growth studies.

12.1 Reproductivity biology, demography and population study, Reproductive physiology of male and female, Biological aspects of human fertilitiy, Relevance of menarche, meno-pause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertily patterns and differentials. 12.2 Demographic theories biological, social and cultural. 12.3 Demographic methods-census, registration system, sample methods, duel reporting system. 12.4 Populations structures and population dynamics. 12.5 Domographic rates and ratios, life table-structure and utility 12.6 Biological and socio-ecological factors influence fecundity, fertility natality and morality. 12.7 Methods of studying population growth. 12.8 Biological consequences of population control and family welfare.

13.1 Anthropology of sports 13.2 Nutritional Anthropology. 13.3 Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments. 13.4 Forensic anthropology. 13.5 Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction. 13.6 Applied human genetics, -paternity diagnosis genetic counselling and eugenics. 13.7 DNA techonlgy-prevention and cure of diseses. 13.8 Antropo-genetics in medicine. 13.9 Seronetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology 13.10 Application of Satistical principles in human genetics and Physical Anthropology.


Paper- II


  1. Evolution of the India Culture and Civilization-Prohistoric (Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic,) Protohistoric (Indus Civilization). Vedic and post-vedic beginnings. Contributions of the tribal cultures. Demographic profiles of India- Ethinic and lingustic elements in the Indian population and their distribution. Indian population, factors influencing its structure and growth. 3. The basic structure and nature of traditional India social System-a critique. Vamasharam, Purushartha, Karama, Rina and Rebirth. Theories on the orgin of caste system, Jajmani system. Structrual basis inequality in traditional Indian Society. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity of Indian Society. 4. Emergence, growth and development of antroprology in India-contributions of the 19th Century and early 20th Century scholar-ad-ministrators Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies. Contemporary nature of anthropological studies in India. 5. Approaches to the study of India society and culture-traditional and contemporary.

5.1 Aspect of Indian village- Social organization of agriculture, impact of market economy of Indian villages. 5.2 Linguistic and religiousminorities-Social, political and economic status. 6. Tribal situation of India-biogenetic variability, lingustic and socio-economic characterstiecs of the tribal populations and their distribution. Problems of the tribal communities and alienation, proverty indebtedness, low litracy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, under employment, health and and nutrition. Developmental projects-tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation. Development of forest policy and tribals. Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribal and rural populations. 7. Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribles and other Backward Classes. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions, development progarmmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections. Emergence of ethnicity, tribal movements and quest for identity. Pseudo- tribalism. 8. Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-independent India. 8.1 impact of Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and other religious on tribal societies. 8.2 Tribe and nation state- a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries. 9. History of administration of tribal areas; tribal policies, plans programmes of tribal development and their implemention. Role of N.G.Os. 9.1 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development. 9.2 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding or regionalism copmmunalism and ethnic and political movements.


  • Theory of Structures: Principles of superposition: receprocal theorem; unsymmetrical bending: Determinate and indeterminate Strcture; simple and space frames: degree of freedom: virtual work; energy the orem; deflection off trusses; indeterminate beams & frames three months: equation; siope deflection and moment; distribution methods; column analcgy. Enegy menthods; appoximate and numerical methods Moving Loads shearing force and bending moment diagrams, influence fines for simple and continuous beams. Analysis of determinate and ideterminate arches. Matrix methods of analysis, stiffness and and flexibility matrice (b) Steel Design: Factors of safety and load factors; Design tension; compression and flexural members; built up beams and plategirders semi-rigid connection Design of Stanchions, slabs and gusseted bases; gentry girders; roof trusses; industrial and multistoreyed buildings, plastic design of frames and portais (c) C. Design: Working strees and limit State methods of design: Design of slabs, Simple and continuos beams rectangle T& L sections, columns. Footing-single and combinate raft foundations, Elevated water tanks, encased beams and columns, Methods and systems of prestressing: anchorages, losses in prestress.

Part- B


  • Fluid Mechanics: Dynamic of fluid flow – Equations of continuity. engery and momentum. Bemoulli’s theorem; caviation. Velocity potential and steam function, rotational and irrotational flow. free and forced vertices flow nit Dimenslonal analysis and its; application to practical problems. Viscous flow-flow between static and moving parallel plates-flow through circular tubes; film lubrication. Velocity disribution in laminer and turbulent flow: critical velocity; Losses, Stampton diagram Hydraulic and energy grade fines, siphons; pipe network- Forces on pipe bends. Compressible flow, Adiabatic and isentropic flow, subsonic and supersonic velocity; Mach number shock wave, water hammer. (b) Hydraulic Engineering : Open channel flow- uniform and non-unfirms flow, beat hydraulic cross-section; Specific energy and critical depth, gradually varied flow; classification of surface profiles; control section; standing wave flume; Surges and waves. Hydraulic pump. Design of canals : Unlined channel in ailuvium, the critical tractive stress, principles of sediment transport, regime theories lined charnels; hydraulic design and coms analysis; drainage behind lining. Canal structure: Designs of regulations work; cross drainage lalls, apeducts, metering flumes etc. Canal outlets. Diver Headworks: Principle of design of different part on impermeable and permeable foundations; Khosla’s theory; Energy dissipation. Sediment exclusion. Dams : Design of rigid dams, earth dams, forces acting on dams stability analysis, spillways-different types and their suitability. Design of spillways. (c) Wells and Tube wells: Soil Mechanics and foundations Engineering. Soil Mechanics. Origin and classification of soils: Atterburg limit, void ratio; moisture contents; permeability; laboratory and field tests, seepage and flow nets, flow under hydraulic structures. Uplift and quik sand condition, unconfined and direct shear tests; triaxial test; earth pressure thories, stability of slopes. Theories of soil consolidation; rate of settlement Total and effect stress analysis, pressure distribution in soils; Boussinsque and westerguard theories. Soil stabization in foundation Engineering, Bearing capacity of Footing; pills and wells, design of retaining walls; sheet piles and caissons, Machine foundations.



  • Building Construction : Building Materials and construction- fimber, stone, brick, cement, steel sand, mortar, concrete, paints and varnishes, plastics, water proofing and damp proofing materials, Detailing of walls, floors, roofs, staircases doors and windows, Finishing of building plastering, Pointing, painting etc. Use of building codes. Ventilation, air conditioning, Building estimates and specifications. Construction scheduling PERT AND CPM methods, base chars.
  • Railways and Highways Engineering : Railways – Permanent way ballast, sleeper, chair and fastenings; point and crossings, different types of turn outs, cross-over setting out of points. Maintenances of track super elevation, creep of rails, ruling gradients, track resistance reactive effort curve resistance, Station yards and machines, station buildings; platform sidings, turn tables. Signals and interlocking; level crossings.
  • Road and Runways: Classification of roads planning geometric design. Design of flexible and rigid pavements; subbase and weathering surfaces. Tram engineering and traffic survey, intersections roads signs, signals and markings.
  • Surveying: Plan table Surveying Equipment & methods, solution of 3 & 2 point problems. Errors and Triangulation. Grades Baseline and its measurement. Statelite station, intervisibility of stations; Great Trigonometrical Survey of India. Errors and least squares method general methods, of least quares method with interdisciplinary approach. Adjustment of level nets and triangular nets. Matrix notation solution. Layout of curves; Simple, compound, reverse transition and vertical curves. Projects surveys and layout of Civil Engineering works such as buildings, bridges, tunnels and hydroelectric project. Introduction to photogrammetry and Remote sensing.


  • Water Resources Engineering: Hydrology-Hydrologic cycle: precipitation; evaporation- transpiration and infiltration hydrographs; units hydrograph; units hydrograph: Flood estimation and frequency. Planning for water Resources Ground and surface water resources; surface flows. Single and multipuropose projects storage capacity, reservoir losses; reservoir silting flood routing. Benefit cost ratio, General Principles of optimization. Elements of water Resources management. Water requirements for crops-quality of irrigation water, consumptive use of water, water depth and frequency of irrigation; duty of water; irrigation methods and efficiencies. Distribution system for canal irrigations determination of required channel capacity channel losses. Alignment of main and distributary channels. Waterlogging its causes and control, design of drainage system; soil salinity. River training principles and methods storage worktypes of Dams (including earth dams) and their charcterisitics, principles of design, criteria for stability. Foundation treatment; joints and galleries. control of seepage.
  • Sanitation and water supply : Sanitation-site and orientation of Buildings, ventilation and damp-proof course house drainage; conservancy and water-borne system of waste disposal sanitary appliances, latrines & urinals.
  • Environmental Engineering : Elemetary principles of echology and eco systems and their inter-action with environment. Engineering activitiy and environment pollution. Environment and its effect on human health and activity. Air environment: major pollutants and their adverse effects, types of are cleaning devices. Water quality; parameters, advers effects, monitoring, salt purification of streams. Solid wastes; collecting system and disposal methods, their selection and operation. Typical feature of water distribution systems; Demand, available need network analysis, storage, corrosllon. Typical features of sewerage systems: Permissible velocities. Partial flow in circuler servers, non-circuler section, corropsion in servers, construction and maintenance sewer appurtenances. Pumping of sewage, pumbing standards and systems, environmental management.





  1. Theory of Machines: Kinematics and dynamic analysis of planer mechanism. Belt and chain drives, Gears and gear trains. Cams. Flywheel. Govermors. Balancing of rotations and reciprocating masses. single and multi cylinder engines. Free, forced and damped vibrations (single degree of freedom) Critical speeds and whirling of shafts. Automatic controls.


  1. Machanics of Solids: Stress strain relationship and analysis (in two dimensions). Strain energy concepts. Theories of failure. Principal stresses sand strains. Mohr’s construction. Uniaxial loading. Thermal stresses. Beams bending mement shear force, ending stresses deflection. Shear stress distribution. Torsion of shafts. Helical springs. Thin and thick walled pressure vessels . Shrink fafs Columns. Rotating discs. Engineering Materials: Structure of solids-basic concepts. Crystalline materials imperfections. Alloys and binary phase diagram-Structures and properties of common engineering materials and applications. Heat treatment of steels. Polymers. Ceramics. Composed materials.




  1. Manufacturing Science: Manufacturing process basis concepts mechanics of Metal cuffing. Merchant’s force analysis. Toyjor’s tool life equation. Machaniability. Economics of machining. Aldomadion. NC and CNC. Recend machining method-EDM, ECM, EMB, LMB, PAM and USM. Analysis of forming proceses. High energy rate forming. Jigsand fudures.Cutting tools Gauges, Inspection of lengths angles and surface finish. Manufacturing Management: Product development. Value analysis. Braeak even analysis. Fore-casting techniques Operations Scheduling. Capacity planning. Assembly Fine balancing. CPM and PERT Inventory control. ABC analysis, EOQ model, Material requirement. Planning Job design, Job standards. Method study and work measurement. Quality management. Qulaity analysis, Control chart. Acceptance sampling. Total quality management. Operations research. linear programming. Graphical and simplex method. Transportaion and assignment models. Sinigle serve quencing model. 6. Elements of Computation: Computer organization. Flow charting features of common computer languages. Fortran. Dbase, Lotus, 1-2-4, c. Elementary programming.



  1. Thermodynamics: Basic concepts First law and its application. Second law its corollaries and Maxwell and T-ds equation. Clapeyron equation. Availabiltiy and irrevensibility. 2. HeatTransfer: Laws of heat transfers One and two dimensional steady stase heat conduction. Heat transfer from extended surfaces. One dimensional unsteady stase heat conduction. Free and forces convective heat transfers Dimensional analysis. Heat exchanges. Radiation laws. Shape factors. Heat exchanges between black and non-black surfaces. Network analysis. 3. Referigeration and Air conditioning: Vapour compression, absorbtion, steam jet and air refrigeration system. properties of refrigerants, compressors. condensers. Expansion value and evaporators. Psychrometric processes. Comport zones. Cooling load calculations. All the year round air conddioning systems.



  1. Internal Combustion Engines: SI and Cl engines. Four stroke and two stroke engines. Valve timing Combustion phenomena in Sl and Cl. engines. Detonation and knocking. Choice of engine fuels, Octane and cetane ratings. Combustion of fuels. Engines emission and controls Engine trial. 5. Turbonachines: Classification of turbonachines continuity. momentum and energy equation. Adiabatic and isentropic flow. Flow analysis in axial flow compressors and turbines. Flow analysis in centrifugal pumps and compressors. Demensional analysis and modeling. Performance of pumps, compressors and turbines. 6. Power plants : Selection of site for steam, hydro, nuclear and gas power plants. Modern steam generators. Draft and dust removal equipments. Fuel and cooling water system. Thermodynamic analysis of steam power plants. Governing of turbines : Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbines power plants. Non-conventional power plants sloar thermal and wind generator. Economic power generation.


  • M. Theory. Analysis of Electrostatic and magetostatic Fields, Lapaice Poisson & Maxwell’s equation. Electromagnatic wave and wave equations. Poynting’s Thorem. Waves on transmission fines. Wave guides. Microwave resonators (ii) Networks & Systems, Systems and signals, Network Theorems and their application. Transient and steady stase analysis of systems. Transform techniques and circuit analysis, Couppled circuits. Resonant circuits Balanced three phase circuits. Network functions. Two part network. Network parameters. Elements of network synthesis. Elementary active networks (iii) Electrical & Electronic Measurement &Instrumentation: Basic methods of Measurement. Error anlysis, Electrical Standards. Measurment of voltage, Current, power energy, power factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance, frequency and loss angles. Indicating instruments. DC and AC Bridges, Electronic measuring instruments. Mulitimeter, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, oscilloscope Techniques special purpose CROs. Transducers and their classification. Temp Displacement, strain pressure, velocity transducers, Thermmo-couple, thermistor, LVDT, strain gauges. piezo-electric crystal etc, transduers. Applications of tranducers in the measurement of non-electrical quantities like pressure, temperature, displacement, velocity. acceleration, flow-rate etc. Data-acquisition systems. (iv) Analog & Degital Electronics: semiconductors and semiconductor diodes & zener-diode/ Bi- polar junction transistor and their parameters. Transistor biasing, analysis of all types of amplifiers including feedback and D.C. amplifiers. Operational amplifiers and their application, Analog computers. Feedback oscillators-colpitts and Hartley types, waveform generators. Multivibrators. Boolean algebra. Logic gates. Combinational and sequential digital circuits. Semiconductor memories. A/D & D/A comverters. Microprocessor. Number system and codes, elements of miceroprocessors & their important applications. (v) Electrical Machines: D.C. Machines; commutation and armature reaction, characteristics and performance of motors and generators. Applications, starting and speed control. Sychronous generators: Armature reaction, voltage regulation parallel operation. Single and threephase inducticon motors. Principle of operation, performance characteristics, staring and speed control. Syanchronous Motors. Principle of operation performance analysis, Hunting. Synchronous condensera. Transformers: Construction phase of diagram, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation. Perfomance, Auto transformers, in instrument transformers. Three phases transformers. (V) Material Science: Theory of Semiconductors. Conductors and insulators. Superconductivity. Various insulators used for Electrical and Electronic applications. Different magnetic materials, properties and applications. Hail effect.



Paper- II (Section A)

  1. Control Engineering: Mathematical Modelling of physical dynamic systems. Block diagram and single flow graph. Transfer function. Time response and frequency response of linear systems. Error evalution Blode- Plot, Polar Plot and Nichol’s chars, gain Margin and phase Margin Stability of linear feedback control systems. Routh-Hurwitz and Nayquist criteria. Route focus technique. Design of compensators. State-variable methods in system modelling, analysis and design. Controllability and observability and their testing methods. Polo placement design using state variables feedback. Control system components (Potentiometers, Tachometers, Synchors & Servomotors).
  2. Industrial Electronics: Various power semiconductor devices. Thyristor & its protection and series- parallel operation. Single phase and polyphase rectifiers. Smoothing filters, D.C. regulated power supplies. Controlled converters and inventors, choppers. Cyclo-converters A.C. voltage regulators. Application to variables speed, drives induction and dielectric heating. Timers and welding circuits.


  1. Electrical Machines: 1. Fundamentals of electromechanical energy conversion. Analysis of electromagnetic torque and induced voltages. The general torque equation. 2-3- Phase induction motors: Concept of revolving field. Induction motor as a transformer. Phase or diagram and equivalent circuit. Performance evaluation. Correlation of induction motor operation with basic torque relations. Torque-speed characteristics. Circle diagram starting and speed control methods. 4. Synchronuos Machines: Generation of e.m.f. Linear and non-liner and analysis. Equivalent circuit. Experimental determimation of leakage and synchronous reactances. Theory of salient pole machines. Power equation. Parallel Operation. Transient and subtransient reactences and time constants. Synchronous motor. Phasor diagram and equivalent circuit. Performance, V-curves. Power factor control, hunting. 5. Special machines : Tow phases a.c. servomotors. Equivalent circuit and performance stepper motors. Methods of operation, Drive amplifiers. Half stepping. Reluctance type steppor motor, Principles and working of universal motor. Single phase a.c. compersated series motor. Principle and working of charge motor.


Electric Drives : Fundamentals of electric drive Rating estimation. Electric braking. Electromechanical transients during staring and braking & time and energy calculations. Load equalization. Solid State control of d.c. three phase induction and synchronous motors. Applications of electric motors.

Electric Traction : Various Systems of track electrification and their comparison. Mechanies of train movement. Estimation of tractive effort and energy requirement. Electification and their comparison, Mechanics of train movement Estimations of tractive effect and energy requirement Traction motors and their characteristics.

Power Systems and Protection: 1. Types of Power Station : Selection of site. General layout of thermal hydro and nuclear stations. Economics of different types. Base load and peak load stations. Pumped strorage plants. 2. Tranamision and Distribution: A.C. and D.C. Transmission systems. Transmission fine parameters and calculations. Performance of short. Medium and long transmission fine A.B.C.D. parameters. Insulators. Mechanical design of overhead tramsmission fines and Sag calculation, corona and its effects, Radia interference. EHV AC and HVDC transmission fines undeground cables. Per unit representation of power system. Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis. Symmetrical components and their applicaton to fault analysis. Load flow analysis using gauss-seidal and Newton-Raphson methods. Fast de-coupled load flow. Steady state and transient stability. Equal area criterion Economic operation and power system incremental fuel costs and fuel rate. Penalty factors. ALFC and AVR control for real time operation of inter connected power system. 3. Protection: Principal of arc extinction, Classificaltion of circuit bravke. Restriking phenomenon. Calculation of restriking and recovery voltages. Interruption of small inductive and capacity Ne currents. Testing of Circuh Breakers. 4. Relaying Principles: Primary and back-Up relaying over current, differential impedance and direction relaying principles. Constructional details. Protection schemes for transmisson fine transformerj generator and bus protection. Current and potentiel transformer and their applications in relaying traveling waves. Protection against surges, Surge impedance.


SECTION – C (Light Current)

Communication Systems: Amplitude. Frequency and phase modulation and their comparison. Generation and detection of ampldute frequency, phase and pulse modulated signals using oscillators. Modulators and demodulators. Noise problems Channel efficiency. Sampling theorem. Sound and vision broadcast transmitting and receiving systems. Antennas and feeders. Transmission fines at audio, radio and ultrahigh frequencies. Fiber optics and optical communication systems. Digital communications pulse code modulation. Data communication state-lide communication. Computer communication system-LANISDN ect. Electronic Exchanges. (a) Microwaves : Electromagetic waves unguided media wave guides. Cavity resonators and Microwave tubes, Magnetrons, Klystrons and TWT. Solid State microave devices. Microwave amplifiers. Microwave receivers Microwave filters and measurements. Microwave antennas.


Paper –1

Detail study of literary age (19th century): the paper will cover the study of English Literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the works of Willian Word worth, Coleridge, Shelly, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, Thackeray. Dickens. Tennyson, Robert Browning, A.C. Swinehurne, D.G. Rossetti, Carlyl and Ruskin. The candidates will be required to evince first hand reading. The paper will be designed to test candidates through understanding of the main literary trends during the period with reference to the authors prescribed. Questions on the social and cultural background to the period will be also set.

Paper – II


The paper will be designed to test candidates first hand reading of the text alomgwith their ability to examine literacy problems critically. 1. William Shakespeare: Twelth Night Henry IV Pt. J. Hamlet, The Tempest. 2. John Milton: Paradise Lost Book-1 & II 3. Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice. 4. W. Wordsworth: “Immortality Ode” “Tintern Abbey” 5. Dickens: Great Expectations. 6. Graham Green: The power and the Glory. 7. William Golding:Lord of the Flies. 8. W.B. Yeats: “The Second Coming” “Bizanlium”, “Sailing to Bizanlium”, “A Prayer for my Daughter”. “Leda and the Swan”. 9. T.S. Eliot: The Wasteland. 10. D.H. Lawrence: Sons and Lovers.






  • Development of Urdu Language, (a) Western Hindi and its dialects mainly Khari Boli, Braj Bhasha and (b) Persio-Arabic elements in Urdu. (c) Urdu Language from 1200 AD to 1700 AD (d)Different theories of the origin of Urdu language. (2) (a) Development of Urdu Literature in Deccan (b) Two Classicial Schools of Urdu poetry- Delhi & Lucknow, (c) Development of Urdu prose upto Ghalib (3) (a) Aligarh movement. Romantic trends of progressive movement and their impact on Urdu Literatue.(b) Urdu literature after independence.

Part – B


  • Important genesis of poetry- Ghazal, Qasida, Marsiya, Masnavi Rubai. Quata Naam. Blank Verse. Free Verse (2) Importance of prose – Destan, Novel Short Story. Darma. Literacy Criticism. Biography, Essay. (3) Role of Urdu literature in freedom movement.



This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.



  • Meer (Amman) : Bagh-o-Bahar. (2) Ghalib: Intakhab-e-Ghalib. Ed: Dr. Khaliq Anjum. (3) Hali : Muqaddam-e-sher-o-Shairi. (4) Ruswa : Umrao Jan Ada (5) Prem Chand : Prem Chand ke Numainda Afsaney, Ed. Prof. Qamar Rais. (6) Abul Kalam Azad : Ghubar-e-Khatir. (7) Imtiaz All Taj : (8) Quratul Ain Hyder : Akhir-e-Shab ke Hamsufar.


  • Meer : lntakhab-Kalam-e-Meer, Ed: Abdul Haq. (10) Sauda : Qasaid-e-Sauda (including Hajuriyat) (11) Ghalib : Diewan-e-Ghalib. (12) Iqbal : Kulliyat-e-iqbal (Bal-e-Gibrail only) (13) Josh Malihabadi : Safi-o-Nagma (14), Firaq Gorakhpuri: Gul-e-Naghma. (15) Faiz: Nuskhaha-e-Wafa (Naqsh-e-Fariadi, Dast-e-Saba, Zuridamm Nama only). (16) Akhtar-ul-lmam: Sar-o-Saman (Treek Salyara ke Bar, Bint-e-Lamhat only)


  1. ARABIC : PAPER –1
  2. (a) Origin and development of the language in outline. (b) Significant features of the grammar of the language and Rhetorich The following topics.
  3. Literary History and Literary Criticism: Literary movement. Socio-cultural influence (Classical Background) and modern trends. Origin & Development of modern literary generous including novel, short story, drama & essay.


This paper will require first-hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate critical ability.


  1. Imraul Qasis: His Mullaqah: (Complete) “Qifa Nabki min Zakra Habibbin was Manzili”


  1. Zuhair bin Abi Sulma: His Mullaqah (complete) “A min Ummi Aufa Diminatum lam takallami”
  2. Al- Khansa : The following two elegies from her Diwan
  3. i) Ta’ azzara Bial-majd (Complete)
  4. ii) Uzakkiruni (Complete)
    1. Hasan bin Thabit: The following Qasaid from his Diwan: Qasida No. I to IV
    2. Umar bin Abi Rabiyah: The following four Ghazals from his Diwan:
  • Fa jamma Tawaqafana (Complete)
  • Lalita Hindan (complete)
  • Aman Aal Niam (complete)
  • Kitab (complete)
    1. Al-Farazdaq: The following 4 Qasaid from his diwani
  1. In praise of Umar bin Abd al-Aziz (complete)


  1. In praise of Zain al-Abidin Ali bin Hasan (complete) (iii) Wa Atlasa Assalin Wa Kana Sahiba (Complete)
  2. WA Kumin Tanamuha li Adhyal Ainan (Complete)
  3. Abu Tammam: The following two from his Diwan:
  4. Yarudahu Aba-hasan (complete)
  5. Al wa’z wa al Zuhd (Complete)
  6. Ahamad al Shawqi : The following four Qasaid from his Diwan (Al-shawqiat):
  • Masjid Aya Sufiyah (Vol. II) (complete)
  • Ghaba Bulunia (vol.II) (Complete)
  • Salamun Min Saba (Vol. II) (complete)
  • Al- Hamziah al- Nabawiyah (Vol.l) (complete)

SECTION B: Authors

  1. Iban a Maqaffa : “Kalila wa Dimna” Chapter (Complete) (excluding Muqaddamah) “Al-Asad Wa Al-Thaur”
  2. Ibu Khaaldum : Muqadamah, 39 Pages, part Six from the firt chapter: From “Al fast al-Sadis to wa min Faruihi aljabr- wa – al Muqabilah”.
  3. Al-manfaluti : Al- Nazarat Vol 1 Egypt 1950

The following stories:

  1. Al-sidq wa al – kizb
  2. Al-Bauz wa allnsan
  • Fi sabit Al – lhsan
  1. Al-ghani wa al – Faqir
  2. Ahamd Amin : Hayati (Autobiography complete)
  3. Taufiq al – Hakim : Drama: “Shahr Zad (complete)

Section – C

Translation from Urdu to Arabic.


Note: Candidates will be required to answer some questions carrying not less than 10 per cent marks in Arabic also.




  1. PERSIAN : PAPER – 1


Unit – 1-1. Short essay in Persian (Compulsory.)


Unit – II – 2. (a) Origin and development of the language. (Old Persian, Pahlavi, Modern Persian). (b) Applied Grammar. (c) Rhetorics. (d) Prosody (Bahr-i-Hazaj Kamil, Bahr-i-Motaqarib Mahzuf/Maqsur, Bahr-i-Rajaz Kamil). Asbab, Autad, Fawasil, Haruf-i-Qafia.


Unit – III – 3. Literary History, Criticism, Movements; Socio-cultural influences, Modern Trends. (a) Samanid Period: (Important Poets and Writers) (b) Ghazanavid Period : (Firdaus) Runi, Masud Sad-i-Salman, Tarikh-i-Baihaqi). (c) Saljuquid Period : (Anwari Attar, Khayyam, Kimya-i-Saadat, Chahar Maqala, Siyasat Nama). (d) llkhanid Period : (Sa’di, Rumi, ‘Jame’-ut- Tawarikh, Tarikh-i-Jahan Kusha). (e) Timurid Period: (Hafiz, Salman Saoji, Khaju-i-Kirmani, Zafar Nama-i-Sharfuddin Yazid, Tazkira-Daulat Shah Samarqandi, Jami) (f) Indo-Persian Literature : (Aufi, Khusrau, Faizi, Urfi, Naziri, Abul Fazl, Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi of Barani, Chahar Chaman of Brahman, Ghalib, lqbal). (g) Safavid to Modern Period : (Mohtashim Kashi, Qaani, Malik-ushshu’ara Bahar, Nimayushi, Parwin-i-E’tesami, Simin Behbahani’ Sadiq- i-Hedayat, Jamalzada, Hejazi,Sabk- i – Khurasani, Sabk-i-Eraqi, Sabk-i-Hindi, lslamic Revolution of lran). Unit – IV – 4 Translation of ten out of fifteen simple sentences of Urdu into Persian (Compulsory).




The paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.


Unit – I – Prose – 1. Translation from the following texts : (a) Nizami Aruzi Samarqandi, Chahar Maqala (Dabire and Sha’iri). (b) i-i Shirazi Gulistan (Der Sirat-i-Padshahan and Dar Akhlaq-i- Derwishan) (c) Ziauddin Berani, Tarikh-i- Firuz Shahi (Wasaya- i- Sultan Balban be Ferzand-o-Wali Ahd- i- Khud). (d) Sadiq -i- Hidayat Dash Akul, Talab-i-Amorzish, Girdab).


Unit – II – 2. Critical and biographical questions about the prescribed authors and their works (4 questions). Unit – III – Poetry – 3. Explanation from the following texts : (a) Firdausi. Shahnam (Dastan- i- Rustam-o- Sohrab and Dastan – i – Bizan- o – Maniza). (b) Umar- i- Khayyam. Ruba’ yat (Radif Alif) (c) Maulana Rum, Mathnavi (Hikayat-i-Shaban- o- Musa, Hikayat-Hekayat – i – Hazrat Umar– o- Qasid -i- Rum and Hikayat-i-Baqqalo-Tuti). (d). Amir Khusrau. Ghaziliyat (Radif Alif). (e) Hafiz-i-Shirazi. Ghaziliyat (Radif Alif). (f) Urfi-i- Shirazi. Qasidas( Dar tausif – i – Kashmir and Madh-i-Shahzada Salim). (g) Bahar- a – Mashhadi Diwan-i-Bahar (Jughd-i-Jang, Shabahang, Damawandiya, Wataniya).


Unit – iv – 4 . Critical and Biographical questions regarding the poets and their work prescribed (4 questions) Unit – v – 5 Translation of an unseen Passage from English into Persian.



Paper – 1 Accounting and Finance

Part – 1: Accounting, Auditing and Taxation : Accounting as a financial information system, impact of behavioural science, Methods of accounting of changing price levels. Current purchasing power (CPP) and current cost accounting. Advanced problems of company accounts; Amalgamation, Absorption and reconstruction of companies. Accounting of holding companies. Valuation of Shares and goodwill. Controllership functions- Property control legal and management control. Important provisions of the Income Tax Act., 1961 Definition, lncidence & Tax liability. Charge of Income tax. Exemptions. Depreciation allowance. Simple problems of computation of income under the various heads and determination of assessable income of Individuels and firms, Income tax authorities. Nature and functions of cost accounting. Cost Classification. Techniques of segregating semivariable costs into fixed and variable components. Job costing Methods of Pricing of issue of Materials. Reconciliation of cost and financial accounts. Marginal Costing, Cost volume-profd relationship-Algebric formulae and graphical representation, Shut- down point. Techniques of cost control and cost reduction, Budgetary control, Flexible budgets, Standard costing and variance analysis. Responsibility accounting. Bases of charging overheads and their inherent fallacy, costing for pricing decision. Significance of the attext-function-programming the audit work valuation and verification of assets, fixed wasting and current assets verification of liabilities. Audit of limited companies. Appointment status, powers duties and liabilities of the auditor, Auditor’s report. Audit fo share capital and transfer of shares. Special points in the audit of banking and insurance companies.

Part – II: Business Finance and Financial Institututions : Concept and scope of Financial Management-Financial goals of corporations, capital Budgetting Rules of the thumb and discounted cash flow approaches, incorporating uncertainity in investment decisions. Designing an optimal capital structure. Weighted average cost of capital and the controversy surrounding the Modigliani and Miller Model. Source of raising short term, intermediate and long term finance, Role of Public Deposits and convertible debentures. Norms and guidelines regarding debtequity ratios- Determinants of an optimal dividend policy, optimising models of James E Walter and John Lintner Forms of divident payment. Structure of working capital and the variables affecting the level of difference of componets cash flow approach of forecasting working capital needs. Profiles of working capital in indian industries. Credit management and cerdit-policy. Consideration of tax in relation to financial planning and cash flow statements.


Organisation and deficiencies of Indian Money Market. Structure of assets and liablities of commercial banks. Achievments and failures of nationalisation. Regional rural banks, Recommendations of the P.L. Tandon study Groups on following of Bank Credit, 1976 and their revisiorby the Chore Committee, 1979. Assessment of the monetary and credit policies of the Reserve Bank of India. Constitutons of the indian capital Market. Functions and working of all India term financial institution (IDBI, IFCI, ICIC, and IRBI). Investment Polices of the Life Insurance Corporaton of India and the Unit Trust of India. Present stage of stock exchanges and their regulation.


Provisons of the Negotiable Instruments Act. 1881 relating to crossing and endorsements with particular reference to statutor, protection to the paying and collecting bankers. Salient provision and the banking Regulaton Act, 1949 with regard to charting, supervison and regulation of banks.

Paper- II: Organisation Theory and industrial Relations:



Nature and concepts of organisaton, Organisaton goals; primary and secondary goals, single and multiple goals, endsmeans chain. Displacement, succession, expansion and multiplication of goals. Formal organisaton: type structure: fine and staff, Functional matrix and project, informal organisaton: functions and limitations. Evolution of organisation theory,; classical, Neo-clssical and system approach, Bureaucracy Nature and basis of power, source of power, power structue and politics, Morale and productivity, leadership. Theories and styles management of conflicts in organisaton, transactlonal analysis, significance of culture to organisation. Limits of rationality. Organisational change, adaptations, growth and development, organisational control and effectiveness. Public accountabilty of organisations.




Industiral labour in India and its commitment, Absentism and labour Turnover in Indian Industries. Nature and scope of Industrial Relations. Workers educaton, Workers participation in Management: philoshophy, Rational, Present day stase of affaires, and its future prospects, Industrial Relations in Pubilc Enterpreses. Role of Personnel Department in an organisaton, Executive development personnel polices) Personnel audit and personel research, Wage and wage differentials, Wage policy in India, Legislative measures for wage administration in India, wages in Indian Industry and agriculture. Theories of Unionism, Trade Union Movement in India: Growth and Structure. Role of outside leadership. Collective bargaining; Approaches, Conditions limitations and its effectiveness in India. International Labour organisation and India. Prevention and settlement of industrial disputes in India. Settlement machinery, preventive measures and other measures in practice.


  1. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION : Paper-1 Administrative Theory
  2. Basic Permises : Meaning, Scope and significance of Public Administation: Evolution of Public Administration as discipline, Private and Public Administration: Public Administrations as an art and a science: its role in developed and developing societies; Ecology of administration- Social political, economic and culture New Public Administration. IITheories of Organisation :Scientific management (Taylor and tris associates): Bureaucreatic theory (Max Weber); Classical theory (Henri Fayol, Luther Gulick and others); Human Relations theory (Ettor Mayo and tris colleagues); Systems approach (Chester Bamard). III. Pr inc iples of Organisation: Hierarch; Unity of Command; Power Authority and Responsibility. Coordination; Span of Control; Supervision Centralisation and Decentralisation, Delegation. IV. Administrative Behaviour: Decision Making with special reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of Communication, Morale, Motivation (Maslow and Herzberg), and Leadership. V. Structure of Organisation: Chief Executive and his/her functions Line Staff and auxiliary agencies. Departments Corporation companies, Boards and Commissions, Headquarters and held relationship. VI. Personnel Administration: Bureaucracy and Civil Services, Classification. Recruitment Training. Career development; Performance appraisal, Promotion; Pay structuring; Service conditions; Integrity and Discipline, Employer-employee realations; Retirement benefits; Generalists and Specialists; Neutrality and Anoymity. VII. Financial Administration: Concepts of Budget: Preparation and execution of the Budget; performance Budgeting; Legislative control; Accounts and Audit, VIII.Accountability and Control: Concepts of Accountability and Control; Accounts and Audit. IX. Administrative Reforms: Concepts and processes of Administrative Reforms; O & M; Work study and its techniques; Problems and prospects. X. Administrative Law: Concepts and significance of Administrative Law, Delegation; Meaning, type advantage, limitations and safeguards Administrative Tribunals. XI. Comparative and Development Administration: Meaning, nature and scope of Comparative Public Administration; Contribution of Fred Riggs with special reference to the Prismatic-Sala model; Concepts scope andsignificance of Development Administration, Political, Economic and socio- cultural context of Development Administration; Concepts of Administrative Development. XII. Public policy: Concept and significance of Policy and policy-making in public Administration Processes of formulation and implementation.



  1. Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s views, Major landmarks of Mughal and British periods. II. Constitutional Setting: Parliamentary democracy: Federalism; Planning Socialism. III. Poitical Executive at the Union Level: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers; Cabinet Committees. IV. Structure of Control Administration: Secretariat; Cabinet Secretariat Ministries and Departments Boards and Commissions, Field organisations. V. Central- State Relations : Legislative Administrative Planning and Financial. VI. Public Service: All India Central and State Services. Union and State Public Service Commissions: Training of Civil Servants. VII. Machinary for Planning: Plan formulation at the national level; National Develpment Council. Planning Commission. Planning Machinery at the State and District levels. VIII. Public Sector Undertakings: Forms, Top- level Managment. Control and problems. IX. Control of Public Expenditure: Parliamentary control; Role of the Finance Ministry. Controller and Auditor General. X. Adminstration of Law and Order: Role of Central and State agencies in Maintenance of law and Order. XI. State Adminstration : Governor Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, Chief Secretary: Secretariat; Directorates. XII. District Administration: Role and importance. District Magistate/ Collector, Land Revenue. Law and Order and Developmental functions, District Rural Develpment Angency, Special Programmes of Rural Areas. XIII. Local Adminstration : Panchayti Raj and Urban Local Goverment. Features, forms and problems Autonomy of local bodies. XIV. Adminstration of Welfare: Administration for the welfare of weaker sections with particular reference to Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes; Programmes for the welfare of Women. XV. Issue Areas in Indian Administration. Relationship between political and permanent executives. Generalists and specialists in Administration Integriy in Administration. People’s Participation in Administration, Redressal of Citizen’s Grievances; Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas; Administrative Reforms in India.


  • Fluid Machanics: Fluid properties, units and dimensions, mass, momentum and energy conservation principles: special cases of Navier-stoke equation, vorticity. flow of fluids in pipes and channels, frictions factors: turbulence; instruments and measurement systems. (b) Heat and Mass Transfer: Thermal properties of materials units and dimensions steady state and transient heat conduction natural and forced convection; boiling, condensation, thermal radiation exchange; heat exchangers, heat- mass transfer analogy: fick’s laws, psychrometrics; analysis of heat and mass transfer processes: instruments and measurments systems. (c) Surveying, Levelling and land Development: Linear measurements; different surveying devices and methods land grading and levelling; controuring and terracing earth work estimation, land and development budgeting earthmoving machinery (d) Pumps: Design, construction, performance characterization. selection, installation, Servicing and maintenance of reciprocating, centrifugal, gear, turbine, submersible, propeller, jet and lift pumps and hydraulic ram; renewable and non renewable power sources for pumps. (e) Process and food Engineering: Unit operation in post-harvest processing (cleaning, grading, drying, size reduction, evaporation, pasteurization, distillation): processing of food grains, animal feed, seeds, frutis & vegetables, flowers, spices, dairy products, eggs and meat, design of processing equipment and systems. (f) Storage and Handling Engineering : Changes in stored products during storage: storage of food grains & their products, feed fruits and vegetables, flowers, spices, dairy products,eggs and meat, air right ventilated, refri gerated, modified atmosphere and controlleed atmosphere storage systems; packaging, conveyors; design and management of storage and handling systems. (g) Rural Engineering: Buliding materials and their properties. design of beams, slabs, columns and foundations: fencing: planning and design of rural houses, farm roads, village drainage systems waste disposal and sanitary structures, material and cost estimation in construction; integrated rural energy planning and development: rural electrification.



  • Thermodynamic and Heat Engines: Concept of energy temperature and heat Equation of State Laws of thermodynamics; pure substances and properties; entropy. boilers; boiler efficiency steam, engine and turbines; rankine, air standed otto, diesel and joule cycles, indicator diagrams; I.C. Engines (b) Farm Power: Sources of power on farm; farm power and agricultural productivity relationship; comparison of tractor/ engine power with animal power, operation and constructional features of l.C. engines. various systems present in I.C. engines viz. carburation, ignition cooling lubrication. Starting and electrical system, valves and valve timings; special features of diesel engines. tractors; their classification,,power transmission, clutch, drawbar, three- point hitch. p.t.o belt and pulley: tractor controls; tractor chassis, stability, trouble shooting, repair and maintenance of tractors, tractor testing economics of tractor utilization, small tractors and power tillers: their economics and suitability (c) Farm Machinery: Design, construction, operation, repair and maintenance of primary and secondary tillage tools: implements and machines viz. m.b. plough, disc plough, hoe, harrow and cultivator; seeding, planting and transplanting machines, weeders ; sprayers and dusters; forage harvesters and movers: harvesters, threshers, winnowers and combines, crop and soil factors affecting machine performance and energy requirements, economics of tractorization, combining and other machanized operations; selection of farm machines. (d) lrrigation Engineering: Water resources of India; soil water plant relationship permeability infiltration; percolation; evaporation; water requirements of crops and irrigation scheduling, direct and indirect mothdos of soil mositure measurements; measurements of irrigation water, weirs and notches, orific, parshall flumes. H- flumes, etc water conveyance and control; design of fields channels and canals; lacey and kennedy’s theories most economical challel cross section; selection of underground pipe line structures and their design; irrigation methods- their hydraulics and design viz., border furrow, flood drip & sprinkler methods; concepts in i irrigation efficiencies.
  • Drainage Engineering: Benefits of drainage; hydraulic conductivity, drainable porosity, drainage coeffecient; surface drainage: drainage of flat and sloping lands; design of open ditches, their alignment and construction; design and layouts of sub surface drains: depth and spacing of drains and drainage outlets. installation of drains and drainage wells. drainage of salt affected areas (f) Soil and Water Conservation Engineering: Forms of precipitation: hydrologic cycle; point rainfall analysis, frequency analysis, watershed definition and concept agricultural watersheds. prediction of peak runoff; factors attecting run- off hydrograph, concept of unit and instantaneous hydrogaphs erosion control meaasures on various classes of lead viz controur cultivation, strip cropping, terracing afforestation, pastures, etc. a critical analysis of the role of vegetation in soil and water conservation; grassed waterway and its design; design of gully control measures including permanent structures, viz., chute spill way, drop spillway, drop inlet spillway; retards and steam bank erosion; flood routing; flood amelioration through soil and water management in upstream zone mechanics of wind and water erosion, wind erosion control.


There are three sections for BPSC entrance exam:

Exam Name Exam Type
Preliminary Exam Multiple Choice Questions (Objective)
Main Exam Subjective Type Questions
Interview Personnel Questions


Preliminary examination

Preliminary examination is an objective type examination.

According to the BPSC Prelims Syllabus, In Preliminary Examination question will be based on three Compulsory subjects as following below:

Compulsory subjects

  • General Knowledge
  • English
  • Mathematics
  • There will be no negative marking in the examination.
  • One mark will be awarded to the candidates for each correct answer.
Papers Questions No of Marks Time Duration
Single Paper 150 150 2 Hours


Syllabus of BPSC of General Knowledge

The paper on General Studies will include questions covering the following fields of knowledge:-

The paper on General Studies will include questions covering the following fields of knowledge:-

General Science

Current events of national and international importance. History of India and salient features of the history of Bihar.

General Geography and geographical division of Bihar and its major river systems.

Indian Polity and Economy and major changes in the economy of Bihar in the post-independence period.

Indian National Movement and the part played by Bihar in it and also Questions on General Mental Ability.


Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and under-standing of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline. In History, emphasis will be on broad general under-standing of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. The candidates are expected to be familiar with the broad aspects of the history of Bihar. In Geography, emphasis will be on geography of India and Bihar. Questions on the Geography of India and Bihar will relate to physical, social and economic Geography of the country including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources. Questions of Indian Polity and Economy will test knowledge on the country’s political system, panchayati raj, community development and planning in India and Bihar. Question on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence and candidates will be expected to answer questions on the role of Bihar in the freedom movement of India.

English Syllabus of BPSC Exam

  • Spotting the Errors
  • Antonyms and Synonyms
  • Filling in the blanks
  • Use of prepositions,
  • Idioms/phrases
  • Word analogies
  • Test of spellings
  • Re-arranging jumbled up sentences
  • Comprehension of passage and answering questions based on the passage

BPSC Syllabus of Maths

  • Algebra
  • Linear Algebra
  • Calculus
  • Trigonometry
  • Analytic Geometry
  • Ordinary Differential Equations
  • Dynamics,
  • Statics and Hydrostatics
  • Vector Analysis
  • Real Analysis
  • Complex Analysis
  • Partial differential equations





In Main Exam, appliers have to face questions based on Hindi, General Studies and Optional Paper (Any 2 Subjects).

  • This Bihar PSC Mains Examination will be conducted in four sections.
  • The type of exam is Subjective Type Questions.
  • Total marks assigned to Written Examination are 1200.


Subjects Papers Marks Duration
Hindi Single Paper 100 1 Hour
General Studies Paper 1 150 3 Hours for each paper
Paper 2 150
Optional Subject-1 Paper 1 200 Not mentioned Clearly
Paper 2 200
Optional Subject-2 Paper 1 200
Paper 2 200
Total Marks 1200




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General studies papers I and paper II will cover the following areas of knowledge:-

  • Modern History of India and Indian culture.
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams.


  • Indian Polity:
  • Indian economy and Geography of India; and
  • The role and impact of science and technology in the development of India.


In paper-I, Modern History of India and Indian Culture will cover the broad history of the country (with special reference to Bihar) from about the middle of nineteenth century. The modern history of Bihar will include questions on the introduction and expansion of western education (including technical education). It will also have questions on Bihar’s role in the freedom struggle of India. Questions will relate to the Santhal Uprising, 1857 in Bihar, Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagrah and the Quit India Movement 1942. A knowledge of the chief features of Mauryan and Pal art and Patna Qulam painting will be expected from the examinees. It would also include questions or Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru. The part relating to statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams will include exercises to test the candidate’s ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.


In Paper II, the part relating to Indian Polity, will include questions on the political system in India including Bihar. In the part pertaining to the Indian Economy and Geography of India, questions will be put on planning in India and the physical, economic and social geography of India and Bihar. In the third part relating to the role and impact of science and technology in the development of India, questions will be asked to test the candidate’s awareness of the role and impact of science and technology in India and Bihar Emphasis will be on applied aspects.


Candidate may go through the below given table and choose any of the two subject for main examination.



Section- I

Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Climatic elements as factors of crop growth, impact of changing environment on cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans.

Agro-climatic Zones of Bihar; Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country-with special reference to North Bihar, South Bihar, and Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana plateau. Impact of high-yielding and short duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns in Bihar. Concept of multiple cropping, mixed cropping, relay and inter-cropping and their importance in relation to food production. Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fibre, sugar and commercial crops grown during kharif and rabi seasons in different regions of the country. Important spices crops of Bihar-chillies, ginger, turmeric and coriander.

Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations, such as extension/social forestry, agro forestry and natural forests.

Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops, their multiplication; integrated weed management; cultural, biological and chemical control of weeds.

Processes and factors of solid formation, classification of Indian soils including modern concepts, Major soil types of Bihar; Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Problem soils-extent and distribution in India; Problems of soil salinity, alkalinity and acidity and their management. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial clements in soil and plants, their occurrence, factors aftecting their distribution, functions and cycling in soils. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation, Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertiliser use; bio-fertilisers. Problems of Tal Diara and chour lands inBihar, cropping system in such situations.

Soil conservation planning on water-shed basis, Erosion and runoff management in foot hills and valley lands; processes and factors aftecting them Dry land agariculture and its problems. Technolgoy for stabilising agriculture production in rainfed agriculture area.

Water use efficiency in relation to crop production criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing runoff losses of irrigation water. Drainage of Water-logged soils. Role of different command area Development Agencies in agricultural development of Bihar.

Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics. Farm planning and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems.


Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs; price fluctuations, Types and systems of Farming and factors affecting them. Role of Co-operative marketing and credit in agricultural development of Bihar.

Trend of agricultural production during the last two decades in Bihar Pace of land reforms in Bihar and result out impact on agriculatural productivity.

Argicultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes; Important extension methods and media, rural leader ship, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers. Farm mechanisation and its role in agricultural production and rural employment. Training programmes for extension workers. Krishi Vigyan Kendras, role of non-government organisations (N.G.Os) in extension.

Section- II

Genesis and growth of Agricultural research and education system in Bihar.

Application of Principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops, methods of breeding of self and cross-pollinated crops. Introduction selection, hybridisation heterosis and its exploitation. Male sterility and self incompatability, utilisation of Mutation and polyploidy in breeding, use of biotechnology and tissue culture in agriculture.

Heredity and variation, Mendal’s law of inheritance, chromosomal theory of inheritance, cytoplasmic inheritance, sex linked, sex influenced and sex limited characters. spontaneous and induced mutations. Quantitative characters.

Important recommended varieties of principal crops in Bihar. Origin and domestication of field crops. Morphology patterns of variation in varieties and related species of important field crops, causes and utilisation of variation in crops improvement.

Seed Technology and its importance; production, processing and testing of seeds of crop plants. Role of National and State seed organisation in production, processing and marketing of improved seed.

Physiology and its significance in agriculture, Nature, physical properties and chemical constitution of protoplasm, Imbibation, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis. Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy.

Enzymes and plant pigments photosynthesis, modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

Growth and development: photo periodism and vernalisation. Auxim, harmones and other plant regulators and their mechanism of action and importance in agriculture.

Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits and vegetables in Bihar; their recommended package of practices. Handling and marketing problems of fruits and vegetables; principal methods of preservation, important fruits and vegetable products. Processing techniques and equipments. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition; landscape and floriculture including raising of ornamental plants and design and lay-out of lands and garden.

Diseases and pests of field, vegetable, orchard and plantation crops of Bihar and their causes and management. Classification of plant diseases; Principles of plant diseases control including exclusion, eradication, immunisation and protection. Biological control of pests and diseases. Intergarted management of pests and diseases. Pesticides and their formulation. Plant quarantine.

Storage pests of cereals and pulses; hygiene of storage godown, preservation and remedial measures.

Hazards of pesticides use and safety measures.

Status and scope of rearing beneficial insects in Bihar; honey bees, silk worm and lac insect. Rice fish culture in Bihar.

Recurrent menace of flood and drought in Bihar and contingency crop planning, food Production and consumption trends in India, in general and Bihar, in particular. National and International food policies, procurement, distribution, processing and production constraints, Relation of food production to national dietary pattern, major deficiencies of calorie and protein.






Section- I

  1. Animal Nutrition- Energy sources, energy metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of milk, meat, eggs and wool. Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy.

1.1 Advanced studies in Nutrition Protein- Sources of protein, metabolism and synthesis, protein quantity and quality in relation to requirements. Energy protein ration in a ration.

1.2 Advanced studies in Nutrition Minerals. – Sources, functions, requirements and their relationship of the basic mineral nutrients including trace elements.

1.3 Vitamins, Hormones and Growth Stimulating substances—Sources, functions, requirements and inter-relationship with minerals.

1.4 Advanced Ruminant Nutrition Dairy Cattle– Nurtients and their metabolism with reference to milk production and its composition. Nutrients requirements for calves, heifers, dry and milking cows and buffaloes. Limitations of various feeding systems.

1.5 Advanced Non-Ruminant Nutrition Poultry- Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to poultry, meat and egg production. Nutrients requirements and feed formulation and broilers at different ages.

1.6 Advanced Non-Ruminant Nutrition Swine – Nutrients and their metabolism with special reference to growth and quality of meat production Nutrients requirements and feed formation for baby-growing and finishing pigs.

1.7 Advanced Applied Animal Nutrition- A critical review and evaluation of feeding experiments, digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and measure of feed energy. Nutrition requirements for growth, maintenance and production. Balanced rations.

  1. Animal Physiology:

2.1 Growth and Animal Production- Prenatal and post-natal growth maturation , growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, conformation, body composition, meat quality.

2.2 Milk Production and Reproduction and Digestion– Current status of hormonal control of mammary development milk secretion and milk ejection, composition of milk of cows and buffaloes. Male and female reproduction organs, their components and function. Digestive organs and their functions.

2.3 Environmental Physiology- Physiological relations and their regulation; mechanisms of adaption, environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved in animal behavior, methods of controlling climatic stress.

2.4 Semen quality, Presevation and Artificial Insemination – Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties of ejeculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen preservation compostition of diluents, sperm concentration transport of diluted semen. Deep freezing techniques in cows, sheep and goats, swine and poultry.

  1. Livestock Production and Management:

3.1 Commercial Dairy Farming- Comparison or dairy farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as a specialised farming; economic dairy farming, starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement, organisation of the dairy farm, Procurement of goods; opportunities in dairy farming factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production; pricing policy; Personnel Management.

3.2 Feeding practices of dairy cattle – Developing Practical and Economic ration for dairy cattle; supply of greens throughout, the year, field and fodder requirements of Dairy farm. Feeding regimes for day and young stock and bulls heifers and breeding animals; new trends in feeding young and adult stock: Feeding records.

3.3 General Problems of sheep, goat, pigs and poultry management.

3.4 Feeding of animals under drought conditions.

  1. Milk Technology:

4.1 Organisation of rural milk procurement, collection, and transport of raw milk.

4.2 Quality testing and grading raw milk. Quality storage grades of whole milk, skimmed milk and cream.

4.3 Processing packaging storing distributing marketing defects and their control and nutritive properties of the following milks. Pasteurçed, standardçed, toned, double tones sterilised, Homogençed, reconstituted, recombined, field and flavoured milks.

4.4 Preparation of cultured milks, cultures and their management Vitamin D soft curd acidified and other special milks.

4.5 Legal standards, Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipment.


Section- II

  1. Genetics and Animal Breeding: Probability applied to Mendelian inheritance Hardy Weiberg Law Concept and measurement of inbreeding and heterozygosity Wright’s approach in contrast to Melecot’s Estimation of Parameters and Measurements. Fisher’s theorem of natural selection, polymorphism polygenic Systems and inheritance of quantitative traits. Casual Components of Variation Biometerical models and covariance between relatives. The theory of pathocoefficient applied to quantitative genetic analysis. Heritability Repeatability and selection models.


1.1 Population, Genetics applied to Animal Breeding. – Population vs. individual, population sçe and factors changing it. Gene numbers, and their estimation in farm animals, gene frequency and zygotic frequency and forces changing them, Mean and variance approach to equilibrium under different situations, sub-division of phenotypic variance; estimation of additive, Non additive genetic and environmental variances in Animal Population, Mendelism and blending inheritance. Genetic nature of differences between species, races, breeds and other sub specific grouping and the grouping and the origin of group differences Resemblances between relatives.


1.2 Breeding systems- Heritability, repeatability, genetics and environmental correlations methods of estimation and the precision of estimates of animal data Review of biometrical relations between relatives. Mating system, inbreeding, out breeding and used phenotypic assertive mating Aids to selections. Family structure of animal population under non-random mating systems. Breeding for threshold traits, selections index, its precision. General and specific combining ability. Choice of effective breeding plans.


Diffferent types and methods of selection, their effectiveness and limitations, selection indices construction of selection in retrospect; evaluation of genetic gains through selection, correlated response in animal experimentations.


Approach to estimation of general and specific combining ability, Diallete fractional diallete crosses, reciprocal recurrent selection; in breeding and hydrisation.


  1. Health and Hygiene- Anatomy of Ox and fowl. Histological technique, freezing, paraffin embeding etc. Preparation and staining of blood films.

2.1 Common histological stains, Embryology of a cow.

2.2 Physiology of blood and its circulation, respiration; excretion, Endocrine glands in health and disease.

2.3 General Knowledge of pharmacology and the repeutics of drugs.

2.4 Vety-Hygiene with respect of water, air and habitation.

2.5 Most common cattle and poultry diseases, their mode of infection, prevention and treatment etc. Immunity, General Principles and Problems of meat inspection Jurisprudence of Vet practice.

2.6 Milk Hygiene.

  1. Milk Product Technology– Selection of raw materials, assembling production. processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk products such as Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Channa, Cheese, condensed, evaporated dried milk and baby foods; Ice cream and Kulfi, by products; whey products, butter milk, lactose and casein; testing Grading, gudging mill products – ISI and Agmark specification, legal standards, Quality control nutritive properties. Packaging processing and operational control Costs.


  1. Meat Hygiene.

4.1 Zoonosis Diseases transmitted from animals to man.

4.2 Duties and role of Veterinarians in a slaughter house to provide meat that is produced under ideal hygienic conditions.

4.3 By products from slaughter houses and their economic utilisation.

4.4 Methods of collection, preservation and processing of hormonal glands for medicinal use.

  1. Extension:

5.1 Extension Different methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions.

5.2 Urilisation of fallen animals for profit-extension education etc.

5.3 Define Trysem. – Different possibilities and methods to provide self Employment to educated youth under rural conditions.


  • Cross breeding as a method of upgrading the local cattle.



There are three sections. Section- I, Section-II & Section- III. Each Section carries 100 marks. Section I & Section III are compulsory. Candidates may offer either Section II-A or II-B in Section- II



  1. Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches: (1) Social-Cultural Anthropology, (2) Physical Anthropology, (3) Archaeological Anthropology, (4) Linguistic Anthropology, (5) Applied Anthropology.
  2. Community and Social Institutions, Group and association; culture and civilisation; band and tribe.

III. Marriage.- The problems of universal definition; incest and prohibited categories preferential forms of marriage; marriage payments; the family as the corner stone of human society; universality and the family, function of the family forms of family-nuclear, extended, joint etc. Stability and change in the family. Forms of marriage. Family and marriage among polyandrous tribes.

  1. Kinship, Descent, residence, alliance, kins terms and kinship behavior, Lineage and clan Kinship categories.
  2. Economic Anthropology; Meaning and scope; mode of exchanger; barter and ceremonial exchange, reciprocity and redistribution; market and trade.


  1. Political Anthropology; Meaning and scope; The locus and power and the functions of legitimate authority in different societies. Difference between State and Stateless political systems. Nation-building processes in new State, law and Justice in simpler societies.


VII. Origins of religion animism and animatism. Difference between religions and magic. Totemism and Taboo.


VIII.   Fieldwork and fieldwork traditions in Anthropology.

  1. Study of social organisation, youth organisation, Economic organisation, Political organisation and Religion among Indian Tribes-Oraon, Munda, Ho, Santhal and Birhors of Bihar.



  1. Foundation of the theory of organic evolution Lamarckism. Darwinism and the Synthetic theory, Human evolution, biological and cultural dimensions, Microevolution.
  2. The Order Primate.- A comprative study of Primates with special reference to the anthoropoid apes and man.
  3. (a) Place of Man among animals. – Pisces, Amphibia, Reptiles, Aves, Mamalia, clarification of Mamalia and anthroids.
  4. (b) A comparative analysis of anatomical similarities and dissimilarities in man and apes. Intelligence and social life of monkey and apes.
  5. Fossil evidence of human evolution.- Lemurids, Tamrioids, Poragpithicus, Prophilopithicus, pliopithicus, Lemnopithicus, Procunsul, Driopithicus, Ramapithecus, Australopithecines, Australopithecus Africanus, Plesianthropus transvalensis, Australopithecus, Prometheus, Paranthropus robustus, Homoertus and Homosapiens.


  1. Genetics; Definition- The Mendelian Principles and its application to human populations. The effects of nutrition, inbreeding and hybridization.
  2. (a) Definition of Race;- concept of pure race; race, nation and linguistic groups; race and cultural activities; Racism and dangerous myth.


(b) Racial differentiation of Man and bases of racial classification morphological serilogical and genetic, Role of heredity and environment in the formation of races.

(c) Bass/criterias of racial classification skin colour, Hair, stature, Head form, face form, nose, eye, types of blood groups.


  1. Varieties of the Modern Races of Man- the three major races and their sub-races, caucaosoids and its subdivisions. Archaic caucosoid races, Mongoloids and its subdivisions, Negroids and its subdivisions. The American Negros, a comparative study of their Physical genetic and intelligence, similarties and differences.


  1. Races in India:-


  1. Classification of Riseley with his criticisms Classification of Haldon


Classification of Eickutodt Classification of Guha Classification of Sarkar

The Negrito Racial Elements in India



  1. Technique, method and methodology distinguished.
  2. Meaning of evolution biological and socio-cultural. The basic assumptions of 19th century evolutionism. The comparative method. Contemporary trends in evolutionary studies.
  3. Diffusion and diffusionism—American distributionism and historical ethnology of the german speeking ethnologists. The attack on the “the” comparative method by diffusionists and Fraæ Boas. The nature, purpose and methods of comparision in social cultural, anthoropology. Redcliffe-Brown, Eggan Oscar Lewis and Sarana.
  4. Patterns basic personality construct and model personality. The relevance of anthropological approach to national character studies. Recent trends in psychological anthropology.
  5. Function and cause. Malinowski’s contribution to functionalism in social anthropology. Function and structure Redcliffe-Brown. Firth Fortes and Nadel.
  6. Structuralism in linguistics and in social anthropology Levistrauss and Leach in viewing social structure as a model. The structuralist method in the study of myth. New ethnography and formal semantic analysis.
  7. Norms and Values. Values as a category of anthropological description. Values of anthropologist and anthropology as source of values. Cultural relativism and the issue of universal values.
  8. Social anthropology and history, Scientific and humanistic studies distinguished. A critical examination of the plea for the unity of method of the natural and social sciences. The nature and logic of anthropological field work method and its autonomy.
  9. (a) Theories and Methods in Anthropology


Evolution and comparative Methods;


Herbert Spencer, L H. Morgan, and Edward Burnett Tylor. Limitations.

(b) Particularism:-


Franc Boas, A. L. Kroeber, Ruth Benediet Ralph Lintani and Abram Kardiner. Limitations of particularistic approach.


(c) Structive and Function approach.


Emile Durkheim, Pronislar Malinowski, A.R. Redcliffe Brown, Leslic A white, Evans Pritchard and Levi Strous.


  1. Contributions of Anthropology to planning and Development: Development studies Socio-cultural dimensions of planned development socio-cultural parameters of Directed change, cultural hurdles to technological changes among tribes in India. Tribal problems-causes, consequences and solutions.
  2. Social movement tribal movement, meaning and features. Tribal movement in Bihar Tana Bhagat and Birsa Movement, Changing scenes of tribal movement in Bihar. Tribal leadership in Bihar.






  1. Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic Protohistoric (Indus civilisation) dimensions of Indian culture.


  1. Distribution of racial and linguistic elements in Indian population.


  1. The bases of Indian social system: Varna, Ashram, Purushartha, Caste, Joint Family.


  1. The growth of Indian anthropology. Distinctiveness of anthropological contribution in the study of tribal and peasant sections of the Indian population. The basic concepts use. Great tradition and little tradition; Sacred complex Universalisation and chialisation. Sanskritization and Westernisation; Dominant Caste Tribe-Caste continuum. Nature-Man-Spirit complex.


  1. Ethnographic profiles of Indian tribes racial linguistic and socio-economic characteristic. Problems of tribal peoples; Land-alienation, indebtedness, lack of educational facilities, shifting cultivation, migration forests and tribals unemployment agricultural labour. Special problems of hunting and food gathering and other miner tribes.


  1. The problems of culture contact; impact of urbanisation and industrialisation depopulation regionalism economic and sychological frustrations.


  1. History of tribal administration. The constitutional safeguards for the Scheduled Tribes Policies, Plans programmes of tribal development and their implementations. The response of the tribal people to the Government measures for them. The different approaches to tribal problems. The role of anthropology in tribal development.


  1. The constitutional provisions regarding the Scheduled Castes. Social disabilities suffered by the scheduled castes and the socio-economic problems faced by them.


  1. Issues relating to national Intergration



Section- I

  1. Microbiology – Viruses, bacteria plasmids-structure and reproduction. General account of infection and immunology. Microbes in agriculture, industry and medicine, and air, soil and water. Control of pollution using micro-organisms.


  1. Pathology- Important plant diseases in India caused by viruses, bacteria, mycoplasma fungi and nematodes. Modes of infection, dissemination, physiology of parasitism and methods of control. Mechanic of action of biocides. Fungal toxins.
  2. Cryptogams- Structure and reproduction from evolutionary aspect, and ecology and economic importance of algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteridophytes. Principal distribution in India.
  3. Phanerogams – Anatomy of wood secondary growth Anatomy of C2 and C2 plants, stomatal types, Fmbroyology, barriers to sexual incompatibility. Seed structure. Apomixis and polyembroyony Polynology and its applications. Comparison of systems of classification of angiosperms. Modern trends is biosystematics. Taxonomic and economic importance of cyadacoae, Pinacoee, Gentabes, Magnoliacea. Ramunculaceae, Cruciferac, Rosaceae. Leguminosee Euploiacece, Malvaceae. Dipterocarpaceae, Umbellifcrae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbenaceae, Solanaoceae, Pubiaceae Cucuribitaceae, Compositae, Gramineae, Palmae, Liliaceae, Musaceae and Orchidaceae.


  1. Morphogenesis – Polarity, symmetry and totiuotency. Differentiation and dedifferentiation of cells and organs, Factors of morphogenes Methodology and applications of cell, tissue, organ and protoplant cultures from vegetative and reproductive parts Somatic hybrids.

Section- II


  1. Cell Biology—Scope and perspective. General Knowledge of modern tools and techniques in the study of cytology. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic selis-structural and ultrastructural details Functions of organelles including membrances. Detailed study of mitosis, meiosis. Numerical and structural variations in chromosome and their significance, study of polytene and lampbrush chromosomes structure, behavior and cytological significance.


  1. Genetics and Evolution- Development of genetics and gene concept. Structure and role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis and reproduction. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression, Gene amplification Mutation and evolution. Multiple factors linkage and crossing over. Methods of gene mapping. Sex chromosomes and sex-linked inheritance. Malesterility, its significance in plant breeding. Cytoplasmic inheritance elements of human Standard deviation and Chi-square analysis Gene transfer in micro-organisms. Genetic engineering. Organic evolution evidence, mechanism and theories.
  2. Physiology and Biochemistry- Detailed study of water relations. Mineral nutrition and ion/transport. Mineral deficiencies Photosynthesis mechanism and importance, photosystems I and II, photorespiration, Respiration and fermentation. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism. Protein synthesis. Enzymes, Importance of secondary metabolites. Pigments as photoreceptors, photoporiodism, flowering.


Growth indices, growth movements. Sahescence.


Growth substance- Their chemical nature, role and applications in agrihorticulture.


Agrochemicals, Stress physiology, Vernalisation Fruit and seed physiology- dormancy, storage and germination of seed, Perthenocarphy fruit ripening.


  1. Ecology- Ecological factors. Concept and dynamics of community, succession. Concept of biospheres. Conservation of ecosystems. Pollution and its control. Forest types of India. Aforestation, deforestation and social forestry. Endangered plants.
  2. Economic Botany- Origin of cultivated plants. Study of plants as sources of food, fodder and forage, fatty oils, wood and timber, fiber, paper rubber, beverages, alcohol, drugs, narcotics, resins and gums essential oils, dyes, mucilage, insecticides and pesticides. Plant indicators, Ornamental plants, Energy plantation.



Section- I

  1. Atomic structure and Chemical bonding: Quantum theory, Heisenberg’s uncertainty Principle, Schrodinger wave equation (time independent). Interpretation of the wave function, particle in a one-dimensional box, quantum members, hydrogen atom wave functions. Shapes of s p and d orbitals Ionic bond; Lattice energy, Born-Haber Cycle, Fajan’s Rule dipole moment, characteristics of ionic compounds, electronegativity differences covalent bond and its general characteristics valence bond approach. Concept of resonance and resonance energy. Electronics configuration of H2, N2, O2, F2, NO, CO and HF molecules in terms of molecular orbital approach. Sigma and pi-bonds. Bond order, bond strength and bond length.
  2. Thermodynamics – Work heat and energy. First law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy, heat capacity Relationship between Cp and Cv. Laws of thermochemistry, Kirchhoff’s equation. Spontaneous and non-spontaneous changes, second law of thermodynamics. Entropy changes in gases for reversible and irreversible processes. Third law of thermodynamics. Free energy, variations of free energy of a gas with temperature, pressure and volume. Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. Chemical potential. Thermodynamic criteria for equilibrium. Free energy change in chemical reactions and equilibrium constant. Effect of temperature and pressure on chemical equilibrium. Calculation of equilibrium constants from thermodynamic measurements.


  1. Solid State—Forms of solids, law of constancy of interfacial angles. Crystal systems and crystal classes (crystallography groups) Designation of crystal faces, lattice structure and unit cell. Laws of rational indices. Bragg’s law, X-ray diffraction by crystals. Defects in crystals. Elementary study of liquid crystals.


  1. Chemical kinetics- Order and molecularity of reaction. Rate equations (differential and integrated forms) of zero, first and second order reaction. Half-life of a reaction. Effect of temperature, pressure and catalysts on reaction rates. Collision theory of reaction rates of bimolecular reactions. Absolute reaction rate theory. Kinetics of polymerization and photo chemical reactions.


  1. Electrochemistry – Limitations of Arrhenius theory of dissociation, Debye Muckel theory of strong electrolytes and its quantitative treatment. Electrolytic conductance theory and theory of activity coefficients. Derivation of limiting laws for various equilibria and transport properties of electrolyte solutions.


  1. Concentration cells, liquid junction potential, application of E.M.F. measurements of fuel cells.
  2. Photochemistry- Absorption of light. Lambert-Beer’s law, Laws of photo chemistry. Quantum efficiency. Reasons for high and low quantum yields. Photoelectric cells.
  3. General Chemistry of ‘d’ block elements:
  • Electronic configuration: Introduction to theories of bonding in transition metal complexes, crystal field Theory and its modification; applications of the theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic spectra of Meta complexes.


  • Metal Carbonyls: Cyclopentadienyl, Olefin and acetylene complexes.


  • Compounds with metal- metals bonds and metal atom clusters.


  1. General Chemistry of ‘f ‘ block elements: Lanthanides and actinides; separation, Oxidation, states, magnetic and spectral properties.


  1. Reactions in non-aqueous solvent (liquid ammonia and sulphur dioxide).


Section- II

  1. Reaction mechanisms; General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanisms of organic reactions illustrated by examples.

Formation and stability of reactive intermediates (carbocation, carbanious free radicals. carbenes, nitrenes and benzynes).


SN1 and SN2 mechanisms. – H, E2 and E1 CB eliminations-cis and trans addition to carbon to carbon double bonds mechanisms of addition to carbon-oxygen double bonds-Micheal addition to conjugated carbon-carbon double bonds aromatic electrophillic and nuclephilic substitutions allylic and benzylic substitutions.


  1. Pericyclic reactions: classification and examples an elementary study of Woodward Hoff-mann rules of pericylic reactions.


  1. Chemistry of the following name reactions: aldol condensation, Claysen condensation, Dieck mann reaction, Perkin reaction, Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Cannçzaro reaction.


  1. Polymeric Systems:


  • Physical chemistry of polymers; End group analysis, Sedimentation, Light Scattering and Viscosity of polymers.


  • Polythylene Polystyrene, Polyvinyl Chloride, Ziegler Natta Catalysis, Nylon, Terylene.


  • Inorgenic Polymeric Systems; Phosphonitric halide compounds; silicones; Borazines. Friedel- Craft reaction Reformatsky reaction, pinacol-pinacilone wagner Meerwein and Backman rearrangements and their mechanisms uses of the following reagents in organic synthesis O5 O4, HIO4, NBS dibocrane, Na-liquid ammonia NaBH4, LiAN4.


  1. Photochemical reactions of organic and inorganic compounds types of reactions and examples and synthetic uses- Methods used in structure determination: Principles and applications of UV- Visible IR, IH, NMH and mass spectra for structure determination of simple organic and inorganic molecules.


  1. Molecular structural deter mination; Principles and application to simple organic and inorganic Molecules.


  • Rotational spectra of diatomicmolecules (Infrared and Raman) isotopic substitution and rotational constants.


  • Vibrational spectra of diatomic, linear symmetric, linear asymmetric and bent tri-atomic molecules (Infrared and Raman).


  • Specificity of the functional groups (Infrared and Raman)


  • Electronic Spectra singlet and triplet states, conjugated double bonds, unsaturated carbonyl compounds.


  • Nuclear Magenetic Reasonance; chemical shift, spin-spin coupling.


  • Electron Spin Reasonance, Study of inorganic complexes and free radicals.




Section- I


Part- A Theory and Design of Structures:


  • Theory of structures: Energy theorems – Castiglione theorems I and II, unit load method and method of consistent deformation applied to beams and pin jointed plane frames, Slope deflection, moment distribution and Kani method of analysis applied to indeterminate beams and rigid frames.


Moving loads, criteria, for maximum sheer force and bending moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads. Influence Lines for simply supported plane pin jointed girders.


Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches rib shortening and temperature effects Influence lines.

Matrix methods of analysis: Force method and displacement method.

  • Structural steel: Factors of safety and load factors.

Design of tension and compression members, beams of built up section, riveted and welded plate girders, gantry girders, stanchions with battons and lacings, Slab and gusseted braces.


Design of highway and railway bridges- Through and deck type plate girder, Warren girder and Pratt Truss.


  • Reinforced concrete. Limit state method design- Recommendations of IS codes- Design of one way and two-way slabs, staircase slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular, T and L sections.


Compression members under direct load with or without eccentricity, footings, isolated and combined. Retaining walls, cantilever and counterfort types- Methods and systems of prestressing, Anchorages. Analysis and design of sections for flexure, loss of prestress.


Part- B Fluid Mechanics:


Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics including forces acting on plane and curved surfaces. Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid Flow: Velocity and accelerations, stream lines, equation of continuity, irrotational and rotational flows, velocity potential and stream function, flow-nets and methods of drawing flow net, sources and sinks, flow separation and stagnation.


Euler’s equation of motion, energy and momentum equations and their applications to pipe flow, free and forced vortices, plane and curved stationary and moving vanes, sluice gates, weirs, orifice meters and venturimeters. Dimensional Analysis and similitude: Buckinghham’s Pi-theorem, similarities, model laws, undistorted and distorted models, movable bed models, model calibration.


Laminar Flow: Laminar flow between parallel stationary and moving plates, flow through tubes, Reynolds’ experiments, lubrication Principles.


Boundary Layers: Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar sub-layer, smooth and rough boundaries, drag and lift.


Turbulent Flow through Pipes: Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution and variation of friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line, siphons, expansions and contractions in pipes, pipe network, water hammer.


Open Channel Flow: Uniform, non-uniform flows, specific energy and specific force, critical depth, resistance equations and variation of roughness coefficient, Rapidly varied flow, flow in contractions, flow at sudden drop, hydraulic jump and its applications, surges and waves, Gradually varied Flow, differential equation of gradually varied flow, classification of surface profiles, control section, step method of integration of varied flow equation.


Part- C Soil Mechanics and foundation Engineering:


Soil Composition, influence of clay minerals on engineering behavior, Effective stress Principle, change in effective stress due to water flow condition, static water table and steady flow conditions permeability and compressibility of soils.


Strength behavior, strength determination through direct and triaxial tests, total and effective stress strength parameters, total and effective stress path.


Methods of site exploration, planning a subsurface exploration programme, sampling procedures and sampling disturbance, penetration tests and plate load tests and data interpretation.

Foundation types and selection, footings, rafts, piles, floating foundations, effect of footing shape, dimensions, depth of embedment, load inclination and ground water on bearing capacity, settlement components, computation for immediate and consolidation settlements, limits on total and differential settlement, correction for rigidity.


Deep foundations, philosophy of deep foundations, piles, estimation of individual and group capacity, static and dynamic approaches, pile load tests, separation into skin friction and point bearing, under-reamed piles, well foundations for bridges and aspects of design.


Earth pressure, states of plastic equilibrium, Cullman’s procedure for determination of lateral thrust, determination of anchor force and depth of penetration, reinforced earth retaining walls, concept, materials and applications.


Machine foundations, modes of vibration, determination of natural frequency, criteria for design, effect of vibration on soils, vibration isolation.


Part- D Computer Programming:


Types of computers, components of computers, history and development, different languages. FORTRAN/Basic programming, constants, variables, expressions, arithmetic statements library functions, control statements, unconditional GO-TO Statements computed GO-TO statements, IF and DO statements, CONTINUE, CALL RETURN, STOP, END statement, I/O statements, FORMATS, field specifications.

Subscripted variables, arrays, DIMENSION statement, function and sub-routing sub-programmes, application to simple problems with flow charts in civil engineering.


Section- II


Note- Candidate shall answer questions from any two parts-

Out of four parts below.

Part – A.

Building Construction:

Physical and mechanical properties of construction materials, factors influencing selection, brick and clay products, limes and cements, polymorphic materials and special uses, damp-proofing materials.

Brickwork for walls, types, caving walls, design of brick masonary walls per I.S. code, factors of safety, serviceability and strength requirements, detiling of walls, floors, roots, ceiling, finishing of buildings, plastering, pointing, painting.


Functional planning of building, orientation of buildings, elements of fire-proof construction, repairs to damaged and cracked buildings, use of ferrocement, fiber-reinforced and polymer concrete in construction, techniques and materials for low cost housing.


Building estimates and specifications, construction scheduling PERT and CPM methods.

Part – B.

Transportation Engineering:

Roads, Traffic engineering and traffic surveys, intersections, road signs, signals and markings.

Classification of roads, planning and geometric design.

Design of flexible and rigid pavements, Indian Road Congress guidelines on pavement layers and design methodologies.

Part – C.

Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering,

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, depression storage, infiltration, hydrograph, unit hydrograph, frequency analysis, flood estimation.

Ground water flow: Specific yield, storage coefficient, coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined aquifers, radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined conditions, tube-wells, pumping and recuperation tests, ground water potential.

Water resources planning: Ground and surface water resources, single and multipurpose projects, storage capacity of reservoirs, reservoirs losses, reservoir sedimentation, flood routing through reservoirs, economics of water resources projects.

Water requirement for crops: consumptive use of water, quality of irrigation water, duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies.

Canals: Distribution system for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal Losses, alignment of main and distributary canals, most efficient section, lined channels, their design, regime theory, critical shear stress, bed load and suspended load transport cost analysis of lined and unlined canals, drainage behind lining.

Water logging: causes and control, drainage system design, salinity.

Canal structures: Design of regulation, cross drainage and communication works, cross regulators, head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts metering flumes and canal outlets.

Diversion head works: Principles of design of weirs on permeable and impermeable foundations, Khosla’s theory, energy dissipation, stilling basins, sediment exclusion.

Storage works: Types of dams, design Principles of rigid gravity and earth dams, stability analysis, foundation treatment, joints and galleries, control of seepage. Construction methods and machinery.

Spillways: Types, crest gates, energy dissipation.

River training: objectives of river training, methods of river training.

Part – D.

Environmental Engineering: Water supply: Estimation of water resources, ground and surface water, ground water hydraulics, predicting demand of water, impurities of water and their significance, Physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, water borne diseases, standards for potable water


Intake of Water: Pumping and gravity schemes.


Water treatment: Principles of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation, slow, rapid, pressure, bi-flow and multi-media filters, chlorination, softening removal of taste, odour and salinity.

Water storage and distribution: Storage and balancing, reservoirs types; location and capacity.


Distribution System: layout, hydraulics of pipelines, pipe fittings, valves including check and pressure reducing valves, meters, analysis of distribution systems using Hardy Cross methods general Principles of optimal design based on cost head loss ratio criterion, leak detection, maintenance of distribution systems, pumping stations and their operations.

Sewerage system: domestic and industrial wastes, storm, sewage separate and combined system, flow through sewers, design of sewers, sewer appurtenances, manholes inlets, junctions, siphon. Sewage characterization: BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land.


Sewage treatment: working, Principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tank, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank, disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water.


Solid waste: Collection and Disposal.


Environmental Pollution: ecological balance, water pollution control acts. Radioactive wastes and disposal environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines.


Sanitation: site and orientation of buildings, ventilation and damp proof courses, houses drainage, conservancy and waterborne system of waste disposal, sanitary appliances, latrines and urinals, rural sanitation.



Section- I


Accounting and Finance


Accounting, Auditing and Taxation.

Accounting as a financial information system- Impact of behavioral sciences – Methods of accounting of changing price levels with particular reference to Current Purchasing Power (CPP) accounting Advanced problems of companies accounts – Amalgamation absorption and reconstruction of companies- Accounting of holding companies – Valuation of shares and goodwill. Controllership functions- Property control legal and management.

Important provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 – Definition Charge of Income Tax- Exemptions Depreciation and investment allowance – Simple problems of computation of income under the various heads and determination of assessable income – Income Tax authorities.


Nature and functions of Cost Accounting – Cost classification – Techniques of segregating semi variable costs into fixed and variable components – job costing – FIFO and weighted average methods or calculating equivalent units of production – Reconciliation of cost and financial accounts-Marginal Costing-Cost volume profit relationship: Algebraic formula and graphical representation – Shut down point – Techniques of cost control and cost reduction – Budgetary control flexible Budgets – Standard costing and variance analysis –Responsibility accounting-Bases of charging overheads and their inherent fallacy – Costing for pricing decisions.

Significance of the attest function – Programming the audit work – Valuation and verification of assets, fixed, wasting and current assets – Verification of liabilities – Audit of limited companies – appointment status, powers, duties and liabilities of the auditor – Auditor’s report – Audit of share capital and transfer of shares – Special points in the audit of banking and insurance companies.


Part – II

Business Finance and Financial Institutions.

Concept and scope of Financial Management – Financial goals of corporations – capital Budgeting Rules of the thumb and discounted cash flow approaches – Incorporating uncertainty in investment decision–designing an optimal capital structure – Weighted average cost of capital and the controversy surrounding the Modigliani and Miller model, sources of raising short term, intermediate and long term finance – Role of public and convertible debentures–Norms and guidelines regarding debt equity rations – Determinants of an optional dividend policy– optimizing models of James E. Walter and John Lintner– Forms of dividend payment – Structure of working capital and the variable, affecting, the level of difference of components – Cash flow approach of forecasting working capital needs – Profiles of working capital in Indian industries – Credit management and credit policy – Consideration of tax in relation to financial planning and cash flow statements.


Organization and deficiencies of Indian Money Market structure of assets and liabilities of commercial banks – Achievements and failures of Nationalization – Regional rural banks – Recommendations of the Tandon (P.L) study group on following of bank credit, 1976 and their revision by the Chore (K.B) Committee, 1979 – An assessment of the monetary and credit policies of the Reserve Bank of India- Constituents of the Indian Capital Market – Functions and working of All India term financial institutions (IDBI. IFCI. ICICI and IRCI) – Investment policies of the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the Unit Trust of India – Present State of stock exchanges and their regulation .


Provision of the Negotiable instruments Act, 1881.


Crossings and endorsements with particular reference to statutory protection to the paying and collecting bankers – Salient provision of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 with regard to chartering, supervision and regulation of banks.


Section- II

Organisation Theory and Industrial Relations.

Part I:

Organisation Theory:

Nature and concept of Organisation – Organisation goals; Primary and Secondary goals, Single and multiple goals, ends-means chain – Displacement, succession, expansion and multiplication of goals – Formal organisation : Type, Structure – Line and Staff. Functional matrix and project – Informal organisation, functions and limitations.

Evolution of organisation theory: (classical, Neo-classical and system approach)- Bureaucracy Nature and basis of power, sources of power, power structure and politics – Organisational behaviour as a dynamic system : technical social and power systems interrelation sand interactions – Perception – Status system : Theoretical and empirical foundations of Maslow Megergore, Horzberg Likert, Vroom, Porter and Lawler, Odam and Human Models of motivation. Morale and productivity – Leadership. Theories and styles – Management of Conflicts in organisation – Transactional Analysis – Significance of culture to organisations. Limits of rationality – Simon-March approach. Organisatinoal change, adaptation growth and development – Organisational control and effectiveness.


Part II:

Industrial Relations:

Nature and scope of industrial relations. Industrial labour in India and its commitment – Theories of unionism – Trade union movement in India – Growth and structure – Role of outside leadership in – Worker education and other problems – Collective bargaining approaches conditions limitations and its effectiveness in Indian conditions – Korkers participation in management: philosophy, rationale, present day State of affairs and its future prospects.


Prevention and settlement of industrial disputes in India: Preventive measures, settlement machinery and other measures in practice- Industrial relations in public enterprises – Absenteeism and labour turnover in Indian industries – Relative wages and wage differentials: wage policy in India – The Bonus issue – International Labour Organisation and India – Role of personnel department in the organisation – Executive development personnel policies, personnel audit and personnel research.




Section- I

  1. The Framework of an Economy. National Income Accounting.
  2. Economic choice, Consumer behaviour. Producer behaviour and market forms.
  3. Investment decisions and determination of income and employment, Micro-economic models of income, distribution and growth.
  4. Banking objectives and instruments of Central Banking and credit policies in a planned developing economy. Performance of Commercial Banks in Bihar.
  5. Type of taxes and their impacts on the economy. The impacts of the sçe and the content of budgets. Objectives and Instruments of budgetary and fiscal policy in a planned developing economy.
  6. International trade. Tariffs. The rate of exchange. The balance of payments. International monetary and banking institutions.


Section- II

  1. The Indian Economy:

         Culding Principles of Indian economic planned growth and distributive Justice’ Eradication of poverty.


         The institutional framework of the Indian economy – federal Governmental structure – agricultural and industrial sector public and private sectors.


         National income its sectorial and regional distribution. Extent and incidence of poverty.


  1. Agricultural Production: Agricultural Policy.


         Land reforms. Technological change. Relationship with the industrial sector.


  1. Industrial Production:


  1. Pricing Policies of agricultural and industrial outputs: Procurement and Public Distribution.
  2. Budgetary trends and fiscal policy:


  1. Monetary and credit trends and policy, Banking and other financial institutions.


  1. Foreign trade and the balance of payments.


  1. Indian Planning:


  1. Bihar Economy:


         Relative position of agriculture and industry, retarders of economic growth, poverty and unemployment, Progress in Land Reforms.



Section- I


Steady state analysis of D.C and A.C., networks, network theorems, Matrix Algebra, network functions, transient response, frequency response, Laplace transform, Fourier series and Fourier transform, frequency spectral plezero concept, elementary network synthesis.


Static and Magnetics:


Analysis of electrostatic and magentostatic fields, Laplace and Poisson Equations, solution of boundary value problems, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic wave propagation, ground and space waves, propagation between earth station and satellites.


Basic methods of measurements, standards, error analysis, indicating instruments cathode ray oscilloscope, measurement of voltage current, power, resistance, inductance, Capacitance, time, frequency and flux, electronic meters.




Vacuum and semiconductor devices, equivalent circuits transistor parameters, determination of current and voltage gain and input and output impedances biasing techniques, single and multistage, audio and radio small signal and large signal amplifiers and their analysis feedback amplifiers and oscillators: wave hoping circuits and time base generators, analysis of different types of multi violator and their uses, digital circuits.

Electrical Machines:


Generator of E.M.F., M.M.F. and torque in rotating machines, motor and generator characteristics of D.C. synchronous and induction machines equivalent circuits, computation parallel operation, phasor diagram and equivalent, circuits of power transformer, determination of performance and efficiency, auto-transformers, 3-phase transformers.



Control systems:

Mathematical modeling of dynamic linear control systems, block diagrams and signal flow graphs, transient surprise response steady state error, stability, frequency response techniques, rootlocus techniques series compensation.


Industrial Electronics:


Principles and design of single phase and polyphase rectifiers controlled rectification, smoothing filters, regulated power supplies speed control circuits for drivers, inverters, d.c to d.c conversion, chopper, timers and welding circuits.


Part – B (Heavy Currents)


Electrical Machines:


Induction Machines- Rotating magnetic field, Polyphase motor, Principle of operation phaser diagram, Torque slip characteristic, Equivalent circuit and determination of its parameters, circle diagram, starters, speed control double cage motor, Induction generator. Theory, Phaser diagram, characteristics and application of single phase motors. Application of two phase induction motor.


Synchronous Machines – e.m.f equation phase and circle diagram, operation on infinite bus, synchronising power, operating characteristic and performance by different methods, sudden short circuit and analysis of oscillogram to determine machine reactances and time constants, motor characteristics and performance methods of starting applications.


Special Machines – Amplidyne and metadyne operating characteristics, and their applications.


Power system and Protection – General layout and economics of different types of power stations, Baseload, peakload and pumped storage plant, Economics of different systems of d.c. and a.c power distribution, Transmission line parameter calculation, concept of G.M.D. short, medium and long transmission line, Insulators, Voltage distribution in a string of insulators and grading, environmental effects on insulators. Fault calculation by symmetrical components, load flow analysis and economic operation steady state and transient stability, Switchgear methods of extinction, Re-strilking and recovery voltage, Testing of circuit breaker, Protective relays, Protective schemes for power system equipment. C.T. and P.T Surges in transmission lines, Travelling waves and protection.


Utilisation – Industrial drives electric motors for various drives and estimates of their rating; Behaviour of motors during starting acceleration, breaking and reversing operation; Schemes of speed control for d.c and induction motors.


Economic and other aspects of different systems of rail traction; mechanics of train movement and estimation of power and energy requirements and motor rating characteristics of traction motors, Dielectric and induction heating.



Part – C (Light currents)

Communication System – Generation and detection of amplitude – frequency phase and Pulse modulate signals using oscillators, modulators and demodulators, Comparison of modulated systems, noise problems, channel efficiency sampling theorem sound and vision broadcast transmitting and receiving system, antennas, feeders and receiving circuits, transmission line at audio radio and ultra, high frequencies.


Microwaves – Electromagnetic wave in guided media wave guide components cavity resonators, microwave tubes and solid-state devices, microwave generator and amplifiers, filters microwave measuring techniques, microwave radiation pattern, communication and antenna systems, Radio aids to navigation.

D.C Amplifiers – Direct coupled amplifiers, difference amplifiers, choppers and analog computation.



Section- I


Principles of Geography:-

Part- A. Physical Geography:

  • Geomorphology – Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust: earth movements and plate tectonics; volcanism; cycle of erosion- Davis and Penck; fluvial, glacial, arid and karst land-forms; rejuvenated and polycyclic land-forms.


  • Climatology: – The atmosphere, its structure and composition; air masses and fronts; cyclones and related phenomena; climatic classification; koppen and Thornthwait; groundwater and hydrological cycle.


  • Soils and vegetation- Soil genesis, classification and distribution: ecological aspects of savanna and monsoon forest biomes.


  • Oceanography: – Ocean bottom relief. Relief of Indian Ocean floor. Salinity. currents and tides; ocean deposits and coral reefs;


  • – Ecosystem concept, Man’s impact on the ecosystem, global ecological imbalances.


Part B. Human and Economic Geography.


  • Development of Geographical Thought: – Contributions of European and British Geographers, determinism and possiblilism; Dualism in Geography, quantitative and behavioural revolutions in geography.


  • Human Geography- Emergence of man and races of mankind cultural evolution of man; major cultural realms of the world; international migrations, past and present; world population-distribution and growth; demographic transition and world population.


  • Settlements Geography: – Concepts of rural and urban settlements, Organs of Urbanization; Rural settlement patterns; city classifications; urban spheres of influence and the rural urban fringe, the internal structure of cities; problems of urban growth in the world.


  • Political Geography- Concepts of nation and state; frontiers, boundaries, and buffer zones; concept of heartland and Rimland, federalism.


  • Economic Geography.- World economic development-measurement and problems; concept of resources, world resources, their distribution and global problems; world energy crisis; and limits to growth; world agriculture-typology and world agricultural regions; theory of agricultural location, world industry-theory of location of industries; world industrial patterns and problems; world trade and world trade patterns.


Section- II




Physical Aspects: – Geological history, Physiography and drainage systems; orign and mechanism of the Indian monsoon, soils and vegetation.


Human Aspects – Tribal areas and their problems; population distribution, density and growth; population problems and policies.


Resources – Conservation and utilisation of land mineral water biotic and marine resources; ecological problems and their management.


Agriculture – Irrigation intensity of cropping, crop combinations, green revolution, and agricultural land use policy, rural economy-Animal husbandry, social forestry and household industry.


Industry: – History of industrial development; factors of location study of mineral based, agro-based and forest-based industries, industrial complexed and industrial regionalisation.


Transport and Trade – Study of the network of roadways railways, waterways, intra and inter-regional trade and the role of rural market centers.


Settlements- Rural Settlement patterns; urban development in Indian and its problems, internal structure of Indian cities; town planning, slums and urban housing; national urbanisation policy.


Regional Development and planning. Five-years plan; multilevel planning; state, district and block level planning regional disparities in development in India.


Political Aspects.- Political problem of India, state re-organisation; the international boundary of India and related issues; India and geopolitics of the Indian Ocean area.


Geography of Bihar under the following heads: – Physiographic divisions, soils, forests, climate, pattern of agriculture, problems of drought-prone and flood affected regions and their solution, chief mineral resources-iron ore, copper, bauxite mica and coal; principal industries-iron and steel, aluminum, cement, Sugar: principal industrial regions, problems of population in Bihar, problem of tribal population and their solution; pattern of urbanisation in Bihar.




(General Geology, Geomorphology, Structural Geology, Palacontology and Stratigraphy)

(i)  General Geology:

Energy in relation to Geo-dynamic activities. Origin and interior of the Earth. Dating of rocksuoy various methods and age of the Earth. Volcanoes-causes and products; volcanic belts. Earthquakes-causes, geological effect and distribution.


Geosynclines and their classification, Island areas, deep sea trenches and mid-ocean ridges, sea-floor spreading and plate tectonics. Isostasy, Mountains types and origin. Brief ideas about continental drift, Origin of continents and oceans. Radioactivity and its application to geological problems.

(ii) Geomorphology:

Basic concepts and significance. Geomorphic processes and parameters. Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation. Relief features; Topography and its relation to structures and lithology. Major landforms. Drainage patterns. Geomorphic features of Indian Subcontinent and Chotanagpur plateau.

(iii) Structural Geology:


Stress and strain ellipsoid, and rock deformation. Mechanics of folding and faulting. Linear and planer structure and their genetic significance Petrofabric analysis, its graphic representation and application to geological problems. Tectonic framework of India.


(iv) Palacontology:


Micro and Macro-fossils. Modes of preservation and utility of fossils, General idea about classification and nomenclature. Organic evolution and the bearing of pala contological studies on it.


Morphology, classification and geological history including evolutionary trends of biachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, ammonoids, trilobites, echinoids and corals.


Principal groups of vertebrates and their main morphological characters. Vertebras’ life through ages; dinosaurs: shiwalik vertebrates. Evolution of horses, elephants and man, Gondwana flora and its importance.


Types of micro fossils and their significance with special reference to petroleum exploration.


(v) Stratigraphy:


Principles of Stratigraphy Stratigraphic classification and nomenclature. Standard stratigraphic scale. Detailed study of various geological systems of Indian subcontinent. Boundary Problems in Indian stratigraphy. An outline of the stratigraphy of various geological systems in their type-areas. Brief study of climates and igneous activities in Indian symmetry during geological post Palaeogeographic reconstructions.


Section – II


(Crystallography Mineralogy. Petrology and Economic Geology)

  • Crystallography:- crystalline and non-crystalline substances. Space groups. Lattice symmetry. Classification of crystals into 32 classes of symmetry. International system of crystallographic notation. Use of stereographic projections to represent crystal symmetry. Twinning and twin laws Crystal irregularities. Application of X-Rays for crystal studies.


  • Optical Mineralogy:-


General Principles of optics Isotropism and anisotropism, Concepts of optical indicatrix, pleochroisn, interference colours and extinction. Optic orientation in crystals. Dispersion. Optical accessories.


(iii) Mineralogy:


Elements of crystal chemistry-types of bondings Ionicradi, coordination number, isomorphism, polymorphism and pseudomorphism. Structural classification of silicates. Detailed study of rock-forming minerals-their physical, chemical and optical properties and uses, if any, study of the alteration products of these minerals.


(iv) Petrology-

Magma, its generation, nature and composition. Simple phase diagrams of binary and ternary systems, and their significance, Bowen’s Reaction Principle. Magmatic differentiation; assimilation, Textures and structures, and their petrogenetic significance. Classification of igneous rocks. Petrography and petro genesis of important rock-types of India Genesis of granites; charnockites; anorthosites; and alkaline rocks.


Processes of formation of sedimertary rocks. Diagenesis and lithification. Textures and structures of sedimentary rock and their significance. Classifications of sedimentary rocks elastic and non-elastic. Heavy minerals and their significance. Elementary concept of depositional environments. Sedimentary facies and provenance. Petrography of common sedimentary rock types.


Agents of metamorphism. Types of metamorphism. Metamorphic grades, zones and facies. ACF, AKF and AFM diagrams. Textures, structures and nomenclature of metamorphic rocks. Petrography and petro genesis of important metamorphic rock types.


  • Economic Geology:


Concept of ore, ore mineral and gangue, tenor of ores. Processes of formation of mineral deposits. Common forms and structures of ore deposits. Classification of ore deposits. Control of ore deposition Metallogenetic enochs. Study of important metallic an no-metallic deposits oil and and natural gas fields and coalfields of India. Mineral wealth of Bihar, Mineral economics, National Mineral policy Conservation and utilization of minerals.


(vi) Applied Geology:


Essentials of prospecting and exploration techniques. Principal methods of mining sampling redressing and beneficiation. Application of geology in Engineering works.


Elements of soil and groundwater geology. Groundwater Provinces of Bihar. Use of Air related Diagrams in Geological Exploration.



Section- I

Part A- History of India (Down to A.D. 750)

  1. The Indus Civilisation


Origins extent, characteriatic features, major cities, trade and contacts, causes of decline, survival and continuity.


  1. The Vedic age


Vedic literature. Geographical area known to vedic texts. Differences and similarities between Indus Civilisation and Vedic culture. Politcal, social and economic patterns. Major religious ideas and rituals.


  1. The Pre-Maurya Period


Religious movements (Jainism. Budhism and other sects). Social and economic conditions. Republics and growth of Magadha imperialism.


  1. The Maurya Empire


Sources, rise, extent and fall of the empire administration .Social and economic conditions. Ashoka’s policy and reform, art.


  1. The Post-Maurya Period (200 B.C-300 A.D).


Prinicipal dynasties in Northern and Southern India. Economy and Society, Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil, Religion (Rise of Mahayana and theistic cults). Art (Gandhara, Mathura and other schools). Contacts with Central Asia.


  1. The Gupta Age


Rise and fall of the Gupta Empire, the Vakatakas. Administration, Society, economy, literature, art and religion.


Contacts with South Asia.


  1. Post-Gupta Period (B.C 500-750 A.D)


Pushy-bhutis. The Muakharis. The later Guptas. Harshavardhana and his times. Chalukyas of Badami. The Pallavas society. administration and art. The Arab conquest.


  1. General review of science and technology, education and learning.


Part B- Medieval India


India: 750 A.D. to 1200 A.D


  1. Political and social conditions: the Rajputs their polity and social Structure, Land structure, and its impacts on society.


  1. Trade and Commerce.


III. Art, Religion and Philosophy, Sankaracharya.


  1. Maritime activities, contacts with the Arabs, mutual, Cultural impacts.


  1. Rashtrakutas, their role in History- Contribution to art and culture. The chola Empire Local Self-Government, features of the Indian village system society, economy, art and learing in the South.


  1. Indian Society on the eve of Mahmud of Ghazni’s campaigns, Al-Biruni’s observations.


INDIA: 1200 – 1765


VII. Foundation of the Delhi Sultante in Northern India, causes and circumstances, its impact on the Indian society.


VIII. Khilji Imperialism, significance and implications, administrative and economic regulations and their impact on State and the people.


  1. New orientation of State policies and administration Principles under Muhamed Bin Tughluq. Religious policy and public works of Firoz Shah.


  1. Disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate; causes and its effects on the Indian policy and society.


  1. Nature and character of State; political ideas and institutions. Agrarian structure and relations, growth of urban centres, trade and commerce, conditions of artisans and peasants, new crafts, industry and technology, Indian medicines.


XII. Influence of Islam on Indian culture. Muslim mystic movements, nature and significance of Bhakti saints, Maharashtra Dharma, role of the Vaisnave revivalist movement social and religious significance of the chaitanya movement, impact of Hindu society on Muslim social life.


XIII. The Vijayangar Empire: its origin and growth contribution to art, literatiure and culture; social and economic conditions, system of administration, break-up of the Vijayanagar Empire. XIV. Sources of History: important chronicles. Inscriptions and Travellers Accounts.


  1. Establishment of Mughal Empire in Northern India: political and social conditions in Hindustan on the eve of Babur’s invasion, Babur and Humayun Establishment of the Portuguese control in the Indian ocean, its political and economic consequences.


XVI.    Sur Administration, political, revenue and military administration.


XVII.   Expansion of the Mughal Empire under Akbar: political unification: new concepts of monarchy under


Akbar: Akbar’s religio-political outlook: relations with the non-Muslims.


XVIII.  Growth of regional languages and literature during the medieval period development of art and architecture.


XIX. Political ideas and institutions; nature of the Mughal State, land revenue administration; the Mansabdari and the Jagirdari systems, the landed structure and the role of the Zamindars, agrarian relations, the military organisation.


  1. Aurangzeb’s religious policy; expansion of the Mughal Empire in Deccan; revolts against Aurangzeb-Character and consequences.


XXI. Growth of urban centres; industrial economy urban and rural; foreign trade and commerce. The Mughals and the European trading companies.


XXII.   Hindu-Muslim relations; trends of integration; composite culture (16th to 18th centuries).


XXIII. Rise of Shivaji, his conflict with the Mughals; administration of Shivaji, expansion of the Maratha power under the Peshwas (1707-1761), Maratha political structure under the First Three Peshwas; Chauth and Sardeshmukhi, Third Battle of Panipat, causes and effects; emergence of the Maratha confederacy, its structure and role.


XXIV. Disintegration of the Mughal Empire, emergence of the new Regional States.


Section- II

Part A Modern India

  1. Historical Forces and Factors which led to the British conquest of India with special reference to Bengal, Maharashtra and Sind resistance of Indian powers and causes of their failure.


  1. Evolution of British Paramountacy over princely States.


  1. Stages of colonialism and changes in Administrative structure and policies. Revenue, Judicial and Social and Educational and their linkages with British colonial interests.


  1. British economic policies and their impact- Commercialisation of agriculture, Rural indebtedness, growth of agricultural labour. Destruction of handicraft industries. Drain of wealth, growth of modern industry and rise of a capitalist class. Activities of the Christian Missions.


  1. Efforts at regeneration of Indian society. Socio-religious movements, social religious, political and economic ideas of the reformers and their vision of future, nature and limitation of 19th century “Renaissance”. Caste movements in general with special reference to South India and Maharashtra, tribal, revolts, especially in Central and Eastern India.


  1. Civil rebellions, Revolt of 1857, Civil Rebellions, and peasant revolts with special reference to Indigo revolt. Deccan riots and Mapplia uprising.


  1. Rise and growth of Indian National Movement. – Social basis of Indian nationalism policies. Programme of the early nationalists and militant nationalists militant revolutionary group terrorists. Rises and growth of communalism; emergence of Gandhi in Indian politics and his techniques of mass mobilisation. Non-co-operation, civil disobedience and Quit India Movements, trade union and peasant movements. State (s) people movements, rise and growth of left-wing within the Congress- The Congress, Socialists and Communists; British official response to National Movement. Attitude of the Congress to constitutional charges, 1909-1935; Indian National Army Naval Mutiny of 1946, the partition of India and achievement of freedom.

Part- B

WORLD HISTORY (1500 – 1950)

  1. Geographical Discoveries. –
  • Decline of feudalism; beginnings of capitalism.
  • Renaissance and reformation in Europe.
  • The new absolute monarchies – Emergence of the Nation State Commercial revolution in Western Europe – Mercantilism Growth of Parliamentary institutions in England.
  • The Thirty Year’s War. Its significance in European History. Ascendancy of France.
  1. The emergence of a scientific view of the World. The age of Enlightenment.
  • The American Revolution – Its significance.
  • The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era (1789 – 1815). It’s Significance in World History. The growth of liberalism and democracy in Western Europe (1815 – 1914)
  • Scientific and technological background to the Industrial revolution – stages of the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
  1. Consolidation of large nation States- The unification of Italy – the founding of Socialist and labour Movement in Europe.


  • The German Empire.
  • The American Civil War.
  • Colonialism and Imperialism in Asia and Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries. China and the Western Powers.
  • Modernisation of Japan and its emergence as a great power. The European powers and the Ottoman Empire (1815 – 1914)
  • The First World War – The economic and social impact of the war – the peace of Paris, 1919.
  1. The Russian Revolution, 1917 Economics and Social Reconstruction in Soviet Union.
  • Rise of National Movements in Indonesia, China and Indo-China.
  • Rise and establishment of Communism in China.
  • Awakening in the Arab World- Struggle for freedom and reform in Egypt Emergence of Modern Turkey Kamal
  • Ataturk– The rise of Arab nationalism.
  • World Depression of 1929 -32.
  • The new deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • Rise of Militarism in Japan.
  • Origins and impact of Second World War.



Section- I


Principles of Labour Legislation kinds of Labour Legislation.


  1. A brief history of labour legislation in India.


  1. Provisions relating to labour in the Indian Constituion.


  1. The following labour laws as amended up-to-date main provisions and evaluation:-


(a) Factories Act, 1948.


(b) Minimum Wages Act, 1948 – Working in Bihar.


(c) Payment of Wages Act, 1936.


(d) Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.


(e) Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923.


(f)  Maternity Benefit Act, 1961.


(g) Employees State Insurance Act, 1948.


(h) Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.


(i)  Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986.


(j)  Beedi and Cigar Workmen (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.


(k) Bihar Shops and Establishments Act, 1953.

  1. International Labour Organisation – Composition – Activities – Creation of International Standards of Labour-Influence on Indian Labour Legislation.


  1. Labour Administration in Bihar.


Section- II


  1. Industrial Relations and Trade Unions with Reference to India and Bihar.

(a) Industrial relations – concept, scope, main aspects.


(b) Industrial dispute and strikes – forms, causes and prevention –different methods of settling industrial dispute – collective bargaining – Industrial Dispute Act, 1947.

(c) Worker’s participation in management – objectives – institutions – present position – causes of failure in India.


(d) Trade Unions in India – brief history – kinds – objectives and methods of achievement – structure and Government – political affiliation and leadership – problem of rivalry and recognition – trade Unions Act, 1925.


(e) Code of discipline and code of conduct.


  1. Social welfare and social security.

(a) Social security – meaning – scope – nature and methods.

(b) Unemployment – meaning – kinds courses – measures for removing – special employment programmes in India.

(c) Poverty – meaning – kinds – extent –causes measures for eradicating – special Governments, programme for eradicating rural poverty in India and Bihar.


(d) Child welfare – problems of children – welfare measures for them.


(e) Women welfare – problems of women – welfare measures of them.


(f)  Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes – problems – welfare measures.


(g) Prohibition – position in Bihar


(h) Prostitution – nature – causes– effects – measures for removing.


(i)  Beggary- nature courses – situation in Bihar.


(j) Social security programmes of the Government of Bihar old-age pension unemployment Dole– Group Insurance–rehabilitation of bonded labourers.



  1. LAW

Section– I

Part- I Constitutional law of India.


  1. Nature of the Indian Constitution’ the distinctive features of its federal character.


  1. Fundamental Right; Directive Principles and their Relationship with Fundamental Right; Fundamental Duties.


  1. Right to Equality.


  1. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.


  1. Right to Life and Personal Liberty.


  1. Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights.


  1. Constitutional position of the President and relationship with the Council


  1. Governor and his powers.


  1. Supreme Court and high Courts, their powers and jurisdiction.


  1. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commission: their

          powers and functions.


  1. Principles of Natural Justice.


  1. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and the States.


  1. Delegated legislation its constitutionality. Judicial and legislative controls.


  1. Administrative and Financial Relations between the Union and the States.


  1. Commerce and Intercourse in India;


  1. Emergency provisions.


  1. Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants.


  1. Parliamentary Privileges and immunities.


  1. Amendment of the Constitution.





  1. Nature of International Law.


  1. Sources: Treaty; Custom, General Principles of Law recognized by civilised nations. Subsidiary means for the determination of Law Resolutions of International organs and regulations of Specialised Agencies.


  1. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law.


  1. State Recognition and State Succession.


  1. Territory of States: modes of acquisition, boundaries, International Rivers.


  1. Sea: Inland Waters, Territorial sea, Contiguous Zone, Continental shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and ocean beyond national jurisdiction.


  1. Air space and aerial navigation.


  1. Outer space: Exploitation and use of Outer Space.


  1. Nationality Statelessness; Human Rights and Procedures available for their enforcement


  1. Jurisdiction of States: bases of jurisdiction, immunity from jurisdiction.


  1. Extradition and Asylum.


  1. Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts.


  1. Treaties: Formation, application and termination.


  1. State Responsibility.


  1. United Nations: Its Principal organs, powers and functions.


  1. Peaceful settlement of disputes.


  1. Lawful recourse to force; aggression, self-defense, intervention.


  1. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of nuclear weapons; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.


Section- II


Part – I. Law of crimes and Torts:


Law of Crimes


  1. Concept of crime: acts reus, mens rea, means rea in statutory offences, punishments mandatory sentences preparation and attempt.


  1. Indian penal Codes:


  • Application of the Code.


  • General exceptions.


  • Joint and constructive liability.



  • Criminal conspiracy.
  • Offences against the State.


  • Offences against public tranquility.
  • Offences against human body.


  • Offences against property.


  • Offences relating to Marriage; Cruelty by husband or his relatives to wife.



  1. Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955.


  1. Dowry prohibition Act, 1961.


  1. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954.


Part – II. Law of Torts


  1. Nature of tortuous liability.


  1. Liability based upon fault and strict liability.


  1. Statutory liability.


  1. Vicarious liability.


  1. Joint Tort-feasors




  1. Occupier’s liability and liability in respect of structures;


  1. Detune and conversion.





  1. False Imprisonment and Malicious Prosecution.


Part III. Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law.


  1. Formation of contract.


  1. Factors vitiating consent.


  1. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.


  1. Performance of contracts.


  1. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustration of contracts.


  1. Quasi contracts.


  1. Remedies for breach of contract.


  1. Sale of goods and hire purchase.



  1. Formation and dissolution of Partnership.


  1. Negotiable Instruments.


  1. The Banker-customer relationship.


  1. Government control over private Companies.


  1. The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969.


  1. The Consumer Protection Act, 1986




Section- I


The candidate should make a study of the development of the field of management as a systematic body of knowledge and acquaint himself adequately with the contributions of leading authorities on the subject. He should study the role, function and behaviour of a manager and relevance of various concepts and theories to the Indian context. Apart from these general concepts, the candidate should study the environment of business and also attempt to understand the tools and techniques of decision making.


Organisational Behaviour and Management Concepts, Significance of social psychological factors for understanding organisational behaviour, Relevance of theories of motivation; Contribution of Maslow. Herzberg, McGregor, McClelland and other leading authorities, Research studies in leadership. Management by Objectives. Small group and intergroup behaviour. Application of these concepts for understanding the managerial role, conflict and cooperation, work norms and dynamics of organisational behaviour.


Organisational change.

Organisational design: Classical, neo-classical and open systems theories of organisation, Centralisation, decentralisation, delegation, authority and control. Organisational structure, systems and processes, strategies, policies and objectives, Decision making communication and control. Management information system and role of computer in management.

Economic Environment.

National Income, analysis and its use in business forecasting. Trends and structure in Indian Economy, Government programmes and policies. Regulatory Policies: monetary fiscal and planning, and the impact of such macro-policies on enterprise decisions and plans-Demand analysis and forecasting, cost analysis, pricing decisions under different market structures – pricing of joint products, and price discrimination – capital budgeting – applications under Indian conditions. Choice of projects and cost benefit analysis choice of production techniques.

Quantitative Methods

Classical Optimisation: maxima and minima of single and several variables; optimization under constraints – Applications. Linear Programming: Problem formulation – Graphical Solution Simplex Method Duality – post optimality, analysis – Applications of integer Programming and dynamic Programming – Formulation of Transportation and assignment Models of linear Programming and methods of solution.


Statistical Methods. Measures of Central tendencies and variations – Application of Binominal. Poison and Normal distributions. Time series – Regression and correlation Tests of Hypotheses – Decision marking under risk: Decision Trees Expected Monetary Value – Value of Information – Application of Bayes Theorem to posterior analysis. Decision making under uncertainty. Different criteria for selecting optimum strategies.


Section- II

Part- I – Marketing Management

Marketing and Economic Development – Marketing Concept and its applicability to the Indian economy – Major tasks of management in the context of developing economy – Rural and Urban marketing, their prospects and problems.

Planning and Strategy in the context of domestic and export marketing concept of marketing mix- Market Segmentation and product differentiation strategies – Consumer Motiation and Behaviour – Consumer Behavioural Models Product. Brand distribution Public distribution system price and promotion.

DECISIONS- Planning and control of marketing programmes – Markeing research and models – Sales Organisational dynamic –Marketing Information system. Marketing audit and control.

Export incentives and promotional strategies – Role of Government, trade association and individual organisation – problems and prospects of export marketing.


Part- II – Production and Materials Management.

Fundamentals of production from Management point of view. Types of manufacturing systems continuous-repetitive, intermittent. Organising for Production, Long range, forecast and aggregate production planning. Plant Design: Process planning, plant sçe and scale of operations, location of plant, layout of physical facilities. Equipment replacement and maintenance.

Functions of production planning and Control, Routing, Loading and scheduling for dirrerent types of production systems. Assembly line Balancing, Machine line Balancing.

Role and importance of materials management, Material handling, Value analysis, Quality control waste and scrap disposal, make or buy decisions, Codification, Standardization and spare parts inventory. Inventory control


– ABC Analysis, Economic order quantity, Recorder point, Safety stock. Two Bin system. Waste management DGS & D purchase process and procedure.


Part- III – Financial Management


General tools of financial Analysis: Ratio analysis, funds flow analysis, cost volume-profit analysis, cash budgeting, financial and operative leverage.


Investment Decision: Steps in Capital expenditure managements, criteria for investment appraisal, cost of capital and its application in public and private sectors. Risk analysis in investment decisions, organisational evaluation of capital expenditure management with special reference to India.


Financing decision: Estimating the firms of financial requirements, financial structure determinations, capital markets, institutional mechanism for funds with special reference to India. Security analysis leasing and sub-contracting.


Working Capital Managements: Determining the size of working capital, managing the managerial attitude towards risk in working capital, management of cash, inventory and accounts receivables, effects of inflation on working capital management.


Income Determination and Distribution: Internal financing, determination of divided policy, implication of inflationary tendencies in determining the dividend policy, valuation and dividend policy.


Financial management in public sector with special reference to India.


Performance budgeting and Principles of financial accounting. Systems of management control.

Part – IV Human Resource Management.

Characteristics and significance of Human Resources – Personnel policies – Manpower, policy and planning

– Recruitment and selection Technique – Training and Development – Promotions, and Transfer: Performance

Appraisal – Job Evaluation: Wage and Salary Administration; Employee Morals and Motivation. Conflict Management. Management of Change and Development.


Industrial Relations Economy and Society in India: Worker profile and Management Styles in India; Trade Unionism in India: labour Legislation with special reference to Industrial Disputes Act: Payment of Bonus Act: Trade Unions Act: Industrial democracy and Workers participation in Manage indication. Discipline and Grievances Handling in Industry.





Candidates shall answer not more than three questions from each section.


Linear Algebra

Vector space bases, dimension of finitely generated space. Linear transformations, Rank and nullity of a linear transformation, Cayley Hamilton theorem. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.

Matrix of a linear transformation. Row and Column reduction. Echelon form. Equivalence. Congruence and similarity. Reduction to canonical forms.

Orthogonal, symmetrical, skew-symmetrical, unitary, Hermitian and Skew-Hermitian matrices – their eigenvalues, orthogonal and unitary reduction of quadric and Hermitian forms, positive definite quadratic forms. Simultaneous reduction.


Real numbers, limits, continuity, differentiability, Mean-Value theorem, Taylor’s theorem, indeterminate forms, Maxima and Minima, Curve Tracing, Asymptotes, Functions of several variables, partial derivatives. Maxima and Minima, Jacobean. Definite and indefinite integrals, double and triple integrals (techniques only). Application to Beta and Gamma functions. Areas, Volumes, Centre of gravity.


Analytic Geometry of two and three dimensions:


First and second degree equations in two dimensions in Cartesian and polar coordinates. Plane, Sphere, Paraboloid, Ellipsoid. Hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their elementary properties. Curves in space, curvature and torsion. Frenet’s formula.


Differential Equations.


Order and Degree and a differential equation, differential equation of first order and degree, variables separable. Homogeneous, Linear and exact differential equations. Differential equations with constant coefficients. The complementary function and the particular integral of eax, cosax , sinax,xm, eax , cosbx, eax, sin bx.

Vector, Tensor, Statics, Dynamics and Hydrostatics:

  • Vector Analysis – Vector Algebra, Differential of Vector function of a scalar variable, Gradient, Divergence and Curl in Cartesian Cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates and their physical interpretation. Higher order derivatives. Vector identities and Vector equations, Gauss and Stocks theorems.


  • Tensor Analysis – Definition of Tensor, transformation of co-ordinates, contravariant and covariant tensor. Addition and multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors, Inner product, fundamental tensor, chirstofel symbols, covariant differentiation. Gradient, Curl and divergence in tensor notation.


  • Statics – Equilibrium of a system of particles, work and potential energy. Friction, Common catenary. Principle of Virtual Work stability of equilibrium, Equilibrium of forces in three dimensions


  • Dynamics – Degree of freedom and constraints. Rectilinear motion. Simple harmonic motion. Motion in a plane. Projectiles. Constrained motion. Work and energy motion under impulsive forces. Kepler’s laws. Orbits under central forces. Motion of varying mass. Motion under resistance.


  • Hydrostatics – Pressure of heavy fluids. Equilibrium of fluids under given system of forces Centre of pressure. Thrust on curved surfaces, Equilibrium and pressure of gases, problems relating to atmosphere.



Algebra, Real Analysis, Complex Analysis, Partial Differential equations.

Mechanics, Hydrodynamics, Numerical Analysis. Statistics including probability operational research.


Groups, sub-groups, normal sub-groups, homomorphism of groups, quotient groups. Basic isomorphism theorems. Sylow theorems. Permutation Groups, Cayley’s theorem. Rings and Ideals, Principal Ideal domains, unique factorization domains and Euclidean domains. Field Extensions. Finite fields.

Real Analysis.

Metric spaces, their topology with special reference to Rn sequence in a metric space, Cauchy sequence Completeness, Completion Continuous functions, Uniform Continuity, Properties of Continuous function on Compact sets. Riemann Stieltjes integral, Improper integrals and their conditions of existence. Differentiation of functions of several variable, Implicit function theorem, maxima and minima, Absolute and conditional convergence series of real and complex terms, Re-arrangement of series. Uniform convergence, Infinite products, Continuity, differentiability and integrability for series, multiple integrals.

Complex Analysis.

Analytic functions, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Power series, Taylor’s, Singularities, Cauchy’s Residue theorem and Contour integration.

Partial Differential Equations.

Formations of partial differential equations. Types of integrals of partial differential Equations of first order Charpits method. Partial differential equation with constant co-efficient.


Generalised co-ordinates, Constraints, Holonomic and Non-holonomic systems, D’ Alembert’s Principle and Lagrange’s equations. Moment of Inertia, Motion of rigid bodies in two dimension.


Equation of continuity, Momentum and energy. Inviscid Flow Theory – Two dimensional motion, streaming motion, Sources and Sinks.

Numerical Analysis.

Transcendental and Polynomial Equations – Methods of tabulation, bisection, regula-falsi, secant, and Newton-Raphson and order of its convergence.


Interpolation and Numerical differentiation – Polynomial interpolation with equal or unequal step size.

Spline interpolation – Cubic splines. Numerical differentiation formulae with error terms.


Numerical integration – Problems of approximate guardrature formulae with equispaced arguments. Caussina quardrature convergence.

Ordinary differential equations – Eulers method, Multistep-predictor corrector methods – Adam’s and Milne’s method, convergence and stability, Runge – Kutta methods.

Probability and Statistics.

  1. Statistical methods – Concept of statistical population and readom sample. Collection and presentation of data. Measure of location and dispersion. Moments and Shephard’s correction comulants. Measures of Skewness and Kurtosis.

Curve fitting by least squares regression, correlation and correlation ratio. Rank correlation, Partial correlation co-efficient and multiple correlation co-efficient.

  1. Probability – Discrete sample space, Events, their union and intersection, etc., Probability – Classical relative frequency and exiomatic approaches. Probability in continuum probability space conditional probability and independence, Basic laws of probability, Probability of combination of events, Bayes theorem, Random variable probability function, and Probability density function. Distributions function, Mathematical expectation. Marginal and conditional distributions, Conditional expectation.
  2. Probability distributions – Binomial, Poisson Normal Gamma, Beta. Cauchy, Multinomial, Hypergeometirc, Negative Binomial, Chebychey’s Lemma. (Weak) law of large numbers, Central limit theorem for independent and identical varieties, standerd errors, Sampling distribution of T.F and Chi-square and their uses in tests of significance large sample tests for mean and proportion.

Operational Research.

Mathematical Programming – Definition and some elementary properties of convex sets, simplex methods, degeneracy, duality, sensitivity analysis rectangular games and their solutions. Transportation and assignment problems. Kuha Tucker condition for non-linear programming Bellman’s optimality Principle and some elementary applications of dynamic programming.

Theory of Queues – Analysis of steady-state and transient solution for queuing system with Poisson arrivals and exponential service time.

Deterministic replacement models, sequencing problems with two machines, n jobs, 3 machines, n jobs (special case) and n machines, 2 jobs.




Section- I


Statics – Equilibrium in three dimension suspension cables, Principle of virtual work.


Dynamics – Relative motion, coriolis force motion, of a rigid body, Gyroscopic motion impulse.

Theory of Machines – Higher and lower pairs, inversions, sterign mechanisms. Hooks joint velocity and acceleration of links, inertia forces. Cama conjugate action of gearing and interference, gear trains epicyclic gears. Clutches, belt drives, brakes dynamometers, flywheels governors. Balancing of rotating and reciprocating masses and multi-cylinder engines. Free, forced and damped vibrations for a single degree of freedom. Degrees of freedom critical speed and whirling of shafts.

Mechanics of solids. – Stress and strain in two dimension. Mohr’s circle. Theories of failure, deflection of beams. Buckling of columns, combined binding and torsion castiglapo’s theorem. Thick cylinders rotating disks shrink fit. Thermal stresses.

Manufacturing Science – Merchant’s theory, Taylors’ equation, Machinability. Unconventional machining methods including EDM, ECM and ultrasonic machining. Use of lesers and plasms. Analysis of forming processes high velocity forming explosive forming. Surface roughness, gauging comparators, Jigs and Fixtures.


Production Management– Work simplification work sampling value engineering. Line balancing, work station design, storage space requirement. A B C analysis. Economic order, quantity including finite production rate. Graphical and simplex methods for linear programming; transportation model, elementary queuing theory. Quality control and its uses in product design. Use of X, R, P (Sigma) and C charts. Single sampling plans, operating characteristic curves, average sample size Regression analysis.


Section- II

Thermodynamics – Applications of the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Detailed analysis of thermodynamics cycles.

Fluid Mechanics. – Continuity, momentum and energy equations. Velocity distribution in laminar and turbulent flow. Dimensional analysis. Boundary layer on a flat plate. A diabetic and isentropic flow. Mach number.


Heat Transfer – Critical thickness of insulation conduction in the presence of heat sources and sinks. Heat transfer from fines. One dimensional unsteady conduction. Time constant for the mocouples. Momentum and energy equations for boundary layers on a flat plate. Dimensionless number free and forced convection. Boiling and condensation nature of radiant heat. Stefan-Boltz-Mann Law. Configuration factor logarithmic mean temperature difference. Heat exchanger effectiveness and number of transfer units.


Energy Conversion – Combustion phenomenon in C.I and S.I engines carburation and fuel injection Selection of pumps classification of hydraulic turbines, specific speed, and performance of compressor. Analysis of steam and gas turbines. High pressure boilers, Unconventional power systems, including Nuclear power and M H D systems. Utilization of solar energy.

Environmental Control – Vapour compression absorption, steam jet and air refrigeration systems, properties and characteristics of important refrigerants. Use of psychometric chart and comfort chart, estimation of cooling and haring loads. Calculation of supply air state and rate. Air conditioning plants lay-out.




Section – I

Metaphysics and Epistemology

Candidate will be expected to be familiar with theories types of Epistemology and metaphysics – India and Western – with special reference to the following

  • Western – Idealism; Realism; Absolutism Empiricism Rationalism; Logical ‘I’ Positivism; Analysis; Phenomenology; Existentialism and pragmatism.
  • India- Pramanans and pranaya; Theories of Truth and error, philosophy of language and meaning; Telteories of reality with reference to main system (Orthodox and Heterodox) of Philosophy.

Section- II


Socio political philosophy and philosophy of Religion


  1. Nature of philosophy its relation to life, thought and culture.


  1. The following topics with special reference to the Indian context including Indian Constitution:-Political Ideologies; Democracy Socialism, Fascism, Theocracy, Communism and Sarvodaya. Methods of Political Action: Constitutionalism, Revolution, Terrorism and Satyagraha.


  1. Tradition, change and modernity with reference to Indian social Institutions.


  1. Philosophy of Religious language and meaning.


  1. Nature and scope of philosophy of religion. Philosophy of religion with special reference to Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity and Sikhism.


(a) Theology and philosophy of Religion.


(b) Foundations of religious belief, Reason Revelation Faith and Mysticism.


(c) God Immortality of Soul, Liberation and Problem of Evil and sin.


(d) Equality, Unity and universality of Religions; Religious Tolerance; Conversion Secularism.


  1. Moksha – Paths leading to Moksha.




Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Wave and Oscillations

  1. Mechanics:-


Conservation Laws. Collisions, impact parameter, scattering cross-section. Centre of mass and Lab-systems with transformation of physical quantities, Rutherford scattering. Motion of a rocket under constant force field. Rotating forms of reference, Coriolis force, Motion of rigid bodies, Angular momentum, Torque and procession of a top, Gyroscope. Central forces, Motion under inverse square law, Kepler’s Laws, Motion of Satellites (including geostationary). Galilean Relativity, Special Theory of Relativity, Michelson-Morley Experiment, Lorentz Transformation – addition theorem of velocities, Variation of mass with, Velocity, Mass Energy equivalence, Fluid dynamics, streamlines, turbulence, Bernoulli’s Equation with simple applications.


  1. Thermal Physics:


Laws of thermodynamics, Entropy, Carnot’s cycle, Isothermal and Adiabatic changes, Thermodynamic Potentials Maxwell’s relations. The Clausius- Clapey ren equation reversible cell, Joule-Kelvin effect etc. fan Boltzmann Law, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Maxwell’s Distribution Law of velocities, Equipartition of energy, Specific heats of gases Mean free path, Brownian motion. Black body radiation, specific heat of solids – Einstein and Dbye theories, Wien’s Law, Planck’s Law, solar constant. Thermalionisation and Stellar spectra. Production of law temperatures using adiabatic re-marginalization and deduction refrigeration, concept of negative temperature.


  1. Waves and Oscillations.


Oscillations, Simple harmonic motion, stationary and travelling waves, Damped harmonic motion, forced oscillation and Resonance. Wave equation, harmonic Solutions, Plane and Spherical waves, Superposition of waves, phase and group velocities, Beats. Huygens’s Principle, Interference. Diffraction-Fresnel and Fraunhofer. Diffraction by straight edge, single and multiple slits, Re-solving power of grating and Optical Instruments. Rayleigh Criterion. Polarisation, Production and detection of polarized light (linear, circular and elliptical). Laser sources (Helium-Neon, Ruby and semiconductor diode) Concept of spatial and temporal coherence diffraction as a Fourier transformation. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction by rectangular and circular apertures, Holography; theory and applications.

Section- II


(Electricity and Magnetism, Modern Physics and Electronics)


  1. Electricity and Magnetism:-


Coulomb’s Law, Electric field. Gauss’s law, Electric-potential Poisson and Laplace equation for a homogeneous dielectric, uncharged conducting sphere in a uniform field, point charge and infinite conducting plane. Magnetic Shell Magnetic induction and field strength. Biot-Savart law and applications. Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s and Leæ’s laws, self and mutual inductances. Alternating currents. L.C.R. circuits series and parallel resonace circuits, quality factor. Kirchhoff’s laws with application. Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic waves, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector. Magnetic fields in matter – dia, para, Ferro, anti-ferro and ferri magnetism (qualitative approach only).


  1. Modern Physics:


Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom. Electron spin, optical and X-ray Spectra. Stern – Gerlach experiment and spatial quantization. Vector model of the atom, spectral terms, fine structure of spectral fines. J-J and L.S coupling Zeeman Effect, Pauli’s; oxclusion Principle, spectral term of two equivalent and non-equivalent electrons. Gross and fine structure of electronic band Spectra. Raman Effect, Photoelectric effect. Compton Effect, de Broglie waves. Wave particle duality and uncertainty Principle. Schrödinger wave equation with application to


  • Particle in a box (ii) motion across a step potential, one dimensional harmonic oscillator Eigen values and Eigen functions. Uncertainty Principle Radioactivity, Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiations. Elementary theory of the alpha decay. Nuclear binding energy. Mass spectroscopy, Semi empirical mass formula. Nuclear fission and fusion. Elementary Reactor physics Elementary particle their classification. Strong and weak electro-magnetic interactions. Particle accelerators; cyclotron. Linear accelerations. Elementary ideas of super conductivity.


  1. Electronics:


Band theory of Solids- Conductors, insulators and semiconductors. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor P.N junction, Thermistor, Zenner diodes reverse and forward biased P. N Junction, Solar cell use of diodes and transistors for rectification, amplification, oscillation, modulation and detection of R.F. waves. Transistor receiver, Television Logic Gates.







  1. Main feature of ancient Indian Political Thought; Manu and Kautilya; Ancient Greek thought Plato. Aristotle; General characteristics of European medieval political thought; St. Thomas Aquinas, Marsiglip of Padua; Machiavelli. Hobbes, Locke. Montesquieu, Rousseau, Bentham, J.S. Mill, T.H. Green, Hegel Marx, Lenin and Mao-se Tung.


  1. Nature and scope of political Science; Growth of political Science as a discipline. Traditional vs. Contemporary approaches; Behaviourlism and Post-behavioural development; Systems theory and other recent approaches to political analysis, Marxist approach to political analysis.


  1. The emergence and nature of the modern State: Sovereignty; Monistic and Pluralistic analysis of sovereignty; Power Authority and Legitimacy.


  1. Political obligation: Resistance and Revolution; Rights, Liberty, Equality, Justice.


  1. Theory of Democracy.


  1. Liberalism, Evolutionary Socialism (Democratic and Fabian); Marxian Socialism; Fascism.


Part- B



  1. Approaches to the study of Comparative Politics; Traditional, Structural Functional approach.
  2. Political Institution; The Legislature, Executive and Judiciary; Parties and Pressure Groups; Theories of party system. Lenin, Michel’s and Duverger; Electoral System; Bureaucracy- weber’s view and Modern critiques of weber.


  1. Political Process: Political Socialization, Modernization and Communication; the nature of the non-western Political Process; A general study of the Constitutional and Political Problems affecting Afro-Asian Societies.


  1. Indian Political system: (a) The Roots; colonialism and nationalism in India; A general Study of modern Indian Social and Political thought; Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dadabhai Nauroji, Tilak, Sri Aurobindo, Iqbal, Jinnah, Gandhi, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N.Roy, Nehru and Jay Prakash Narain.


  • The Structure: Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles; Union Government; Parliament, Cabinet, Supreme Court and Judicial Review; Indian Federalism Centre-State relation, State Government role of the Governor; Panchayati Raj, Panchayati Raj System in Bihar.


  • The Functioning: Class and Caste in Indian Politics, Politics of regionalism, linguism and Communalism. Problems of Secularisation of the Policy and national intergration. Political elites; the changing Composition; Political Parties and Political Participation; Planning and Developmental administration, Socio-economic changes and its impact on Indian democracy, Regionalism with Special reference to Jharkhand Movement in Bihar.


Section- II




  1. The nature and functioning of the Sovereign nation State System.


  1. Concepts of International Politics; Power; National Interest; Balance of Power, ”Power vaccum.”


  1. Theories of International Politics, The realist theory; System theory: Decision making.


  1. Determinants of foreign Policy: National Interest; Ideology; Elements of National Power (including nature of domestic socio-political institution).


  1. Foreign Policy: Choices – Imperialism; Balance of Power; Allege hances; Isolationalism: Nationalistic Universalism (pax Britiannica pax Amricana Pax-Sovietica); The “Middle Kingdom” Complex of China; Non alignment.


  1. The cold war: Origin, evolution and its impact on international relation: Defence and its impacts: a new Cold War.
  2. Non-alignment: HEANING Bases ( National and International) the non-aligned Movement and its role in international relations
  3. De-colonisation and expansion of the international community; Neo-colonialism and racialism, their impact on international relations; Asian-African resurgence.


  1. The present International economic order; Aid trade and economic development, the struggle for the new International Economic, Order; Sovereignty over natural resources; the crisis in energy resources.


  1. The role of International Law in International relations; the international Court of Justice.


  1. Origin and Development of International Organisations; The United Nations and specialised Agencies; their role in international relations.


  1. Regional Organisation: OAS, OAU, the Arab League, the ASEAN, the EEC, their role in international relations.


  1. Arms race disarmament and arms control; Conventional and nuclear arms, the Arms trade, its impact on Third World role in international relations.


  1. Diplomatic theory and practice.


  1. External intervention: Ideological, Political and Economic; Cultural imperialism, Covert intervention by the major power.




  1. The uses and misuses of nuclear energy; the impact of nuclear weapons on international relations; the partial Test-ban, Treaty; the nuclear Neo-Proliferation. Treaty (NPT) peaceful nuclear explosions (PNE).
  2. The problems and prospects of the Indian Ocean being made a peace zone.
  3. The Conflict situation in West Asia.
  4. Conflict and co-operation in South Asia.
  5. The (Post-war) foreign policies of the major powers; United States, Soviet Union, China.
  6. The third world in international relations; the North-South “Dialogue” in the United Nations and outside.


  1. India’s foreign policy and relations; India and the Super powers; India and its neighbour; India and South East Asia; India and African Problems; India’s economic diplomacy; India and the question of nuclear weapons.





  1. The Scope of Psychology- Place of Psychology in the family of social and behavioural sciences.
  2. Methods of Psychology- Methodological problems of Psychology. General design of Psychological research. Types of Psychological research. The characteristics of Psychological measurement.
  3. The nature, Origin and development of human behaviour- Heredity and environment. Cultural factors and behaviour. The process of socialisation. Concept of National Character.


  1. Cognitive Processes- Perception, Theories of perception, Perceptual organisation. Person perception, Perceptual defense. Transactional approach to perception. Perception and personality. Figural after-effect. Perceptual styles, perceptual abnormalities Vigilance.


  1. Learning- Cognitive, Operant and Classical conditioning approaches, Learning phenomena, Extinction. Discrimination and generalisation, Discrimination learning, Probability learning. Programmed learning.


  1. Remembering- Theories of remembering. Short-term memory, Long-term memory, Measurement of memory, Forgetting Reminiscence.


  1. Thinking- Problem solving, concept formation, Strategies of concept formation, Information processing, Creative thinking, Convergent and Divergent thinking, Development of thinking in children, theories.


  1. Intelligence- Nature of intelligence Theories of intelligence, Measurement of intelligence, Measurement of creativity. Aptitude, Measurement of aptitudes. The concept of social intelligence.


  1. Motivation- Characteristics of motivated behaviour. Approaches to motivation: psycho-analytic theory; Drive Theory; Need hierarchy theory, Vector valence approach, Concept of level of aspiration. Measurement of motivation. The apathetic and the alienated individual, Incentives.


  1. Personality-The concept of personality. Trait and type approaches, Factorial and dimensional approaches, Theories of personality; Freud, Allport, Murray, Cattell; Social learning theories and Field Theory. The Indian approach to personality- the concept of Gunas. Measurement of personality: Questionnaires; Rating Scales; Psychometric Tests; Projective Tests; Observation method.


  1. Language and Communication- Psychological basis of language. Theories of language development: skinner and Chomsky, Nonverbal communication, Body Language, Effective communication: Source and receiver characteristics. Persuasive communication.


  1. Attitudes and values- Structure of attitudes, formation of attitudes. Theories of attitude, Attitude measurement. Types of attitude scales, Theories of attitude change, Values. Types of values. Motivational Properties of values. Measurement of values.


  1. Recent trends.-Psychology and the Computer, Cybernetic model of behaviour. Simulation studies in psychology, Study of consciousness. Altered states if consciousness. Sleep. Dream, meditation and hypnotic trance. Drug induced changes. Sensory deprivation. Human problems in aviation and space flight.


  1. Models of Man, The Mechanical Man, The Organic Man- The Organisational man. The Humanistic Man. Implications of the different models for behaviour changes. An integrated model.

Section- II


  1. Individual Differences- Measurement of individual differences. Types of psychological tests. Construction of psychological tests, characteristics of good Psychological tests, Limitations of psychological tests.
  2. Psychological Disorders- Classification of disorders and non-sological systems. Neurotic, psychotic and psychophysiologic disorders. Psychopathic personality. Theories of psychological disorder. The problems of anxiety, depression and stress.
  3. Therapeutic Approaches- Psychodynamic approach. Behaviour therapy, Client centered therapy. Cognitive therapy. Group therapy.
  4. Application of psychology to organisational and Industrial problems- Personnel selection. Training. Work motivation. Theories of work motivation Job designing. Leadership training. Participatory management.
  5. Small Groups- The concept of small group. Properties of groups. Group at work. Theories of group behaviour. Measurement of group behaviour. Interaction process analysis. Interpersonal relations.
  6. Social Change-Characteristics of social change. Psychological basis of change. Steps in the change process Resistance to change. Factors contributing to resistance. Planning for change. The concept of change -proneness.
  7. Psychology and the Learning Process- The Learner. School as an agent of socialization Problems relating to adolescents in learning situations. Gifted and retarded children and problems related to their training.


  1. Disadvantaged Groups- Types: Social, cultural and economic. Psychological consequences of disadvantage. Concept of Deprivation. Educating the disadvantaged groups. Problems of motivating the disadvantaged groups.


  1. Psychology and the problem of social Integration. The problem of ethnic prejudice. Nature of prejudice. Manifestations of prejudice Development of prejudice. Measurement of prejudice. Amelioration of prejudice. Prejudice and personality Steps to achieve social integration.


  1. Psychology and Economic Development- The nature of achievement motivation. Motivating people for achievement. Promotion of entrepreneurship. The Entrepreneur Syndrome. Technological change and its impact on human behavior.


  1. Management of Information and Communication- Psychological factors in information management. Information overload: Psychological basis of effective Communication. Mass media and their role in social change. Impact of television. Psychological basis of effective advertising.


  1. Problems of Contemporary Society- Stress. Management of stress. Alcoholism and Drug addiction. The socially deviant. Juvenile Delinquency. Crime. Rehabilitation of the deviant. The problems of the Aged.








  1. Basic Premises- Meaning scope and significance of Public Administration; Private and Public Administration; Role of Public Administrator in developed and developing societies: Econlogy of Administration- Social. Economic. Cultural, Political and legal; Evolution of public administration as a discipline; Public Administration as an art and a science; New Public Administration.


  1. Theories of Organisation – Scientific Management (Taylor and his associates); Bureaucratic theory of organisation (Weber), Classical theory of organisations (Henry Fayol , Luther Gulick and Other); Human Relations Theory of Organisations (Elton Mayo and his Colleagues); Behavioural approach, Systems Approach; Organisational Effectiveness.


  • Principles of Organisation- Hierarchy, Unity of Command, Authority and Responsibility, Co- ordination Span of Control, Supervision, Centralisation and Decentralisation, Delegation.


  1. Administrative Behaviour- Decision making with Special Reference to the Contribution of Herbert Simon; Theories of Leadership; Communication morale; Motivation (Maslow and Herzberg).


  1. Structure of Organisations- Chief Executive; Types of chief Executives and their functions; Line Staff and Auxiliary agencies; Departments; Corporation Companies. Boards and Commissions. Headquarters and field relationship.


  1. Personal Administration- Bureaucracy and Civil Services, position Classification; Recruitment: Training: Career Development; Performance Appraisal; Promotion; Pay and Service Conditions; Retirement Benefits; Discipline; Employer-Employee Relations. Integrity in Administration; Generalists versus specialists; Neutrality and Anonymity.


VII. Financial Administration- Concept of Budget; Preparation and Execution of the Budget; Performance Budgeting; Legislative Control; Accounts and Audit.


VIII. Accountability and Control- The Concepts of Accountability and Control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over Administration; Citizen and Administration.


  1. Administrative Reforms- O & M; Work Study; Work Measurement Administrative Reforms; Processes and obstacles.


  1. Administrative Law-Importance of Administrative Law; Delegated Legislation; Meaning. Types.


Advantages, Limitations, Safeguards; Administrative Tribunals.


  1. Comparative and Development Administration- Meaning, Nature and Scope of Comparative Public Administration. Contribution of Freud. Riggs with particular reference to the prismatic sala Model. The Concept. Scope and Significance of Development Administration. Political Economic and socio-Cultural Context of Development Administration. The Concept of Administrative Development.


XII. Public Policy- Relevance of policy making in Public Administration. The Processes of policy Formulation and Implementation.




  1. Evolution of Indian Administration- Kautilya; Mughal Period; British Period.


  1. Environmental Setting- Constitution, Parliamentary Democracy, Federalism, Planning, Socialism.


  • Political Executive at the Union Level- President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet Committees.


  1. Structure of Central Administration- Secretariat, Cabinet Secretariat, Ministries and Departments. Boards and Commissions, Field Organisation.


  1. Centre State Relation- Legislative, Administrative, Planning and Financial.


  1. Public Services- All India Services, Central Services, State Services, Local Civil Services, Union and State Public Service Commissions. Training of Civil Services.


VII. Machinery for Planning – Plan Formulation at the National Level; National Development Council, Planning Commission; Planning Machinery at the State and District Levels.


VIII.    Public Undertaking – Forms management, Control and problems.


  1. Control of Public Expenditure- Parliamentary Control; Role of the Finance Ministry; Comptroller and Auditor General.


  1. Administration of Law and Order in Bihar- Role of Central and State Agencies in Maintenance of Law and Order.


  1. State Administration with special reference to Bihar- Governor, Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Secretariat, Chief Secretary, Directorates.


XII. District Administration with special reference to Bihar– Role and Importance; District Collector; Land Revenue, Law and order and developmental functions. District Rural Development Agency; Special Development Programmes.


XIII. Local Administration with special reference to Bihar- Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Government Features, Forms, Problems, Autonomy of Local Bodies.


XIV.    Welfare Administration in Bihar- Administration for the Welfare of Weaker Sections With particular Reference to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes; Programmes for the Welfare of Women and Children.


  1. Issue Areas in Indian Administration- Relationship between Political and permanent Executives. Generalists and specialists in Administration. Integrity in Administration. People’s Participation in Administration. Redressal of Citizen’s Grievances. Lokpal and Lok Ayukta, Administrative Reforms in India.





  1. Scientific Study of Social phenomena- Emergence of Sociology and its relationship with other disciplines, their scope and approaches. Science and Study of social behavior, the problems of objectivity, reliability and validity. Scientific methods and scientific language; their meaning, goals, types; elements and features. Research Design Techniques of data collection and analysis, Attitude measurements; problems and scales. Concept of social causation with special reference to R.M. Mac’ver.


  1. Pioneering Contributions to Sociology- Theoretical beginnings- Positivism and evolutionism with reference to Comte, Spencer and Morgan; Historical Sociology contributions of Karl Mark, Max weber and P.A. Sorokin; Functionalism; E. Durkheim, P’areto. Parsons and Merton, Conflict School; Gumplowicz Dahrenderf and Coser;

Recent approaches in Sociology, Micro Sociology, Macro Sociology, Middle Range theories, Neo-postitvism, Exchange theories and Interactions Sociology.

  1. Social Structure and Social Organisation; Concept and types approaches to Social Structure; Structural functionalist school, Structuralist school and Marxist School: Elements of Social Structure-Individual and society; social interaction; social groups, concept and types; concept of status and role, their determinants and types, dimensions of roles in simple and complex societies, role conflict; Social Network; Basic concepts and types, culture and personality, concepts of conformity and social control, agencies of social control; concept of Minority Groups, their relationship with majority; Secularism versus Integration.


  1. Social Stratification and Mobility-Concept, consequences and types of stratification; inequality and stratification, Dimensions and bases of stratification; Theoretical approaches to the study of stratification, functionalist approach and conflict approach; Social Stratification and Social Mobility; Concept of Sankskritisation and Westernisation. Types of Mobility: intergenerational mobility, vertical versus horizontal mobility, open and closed models of mobility.
  2. Family marriage and Kinship-Structure, functions and types of family marriage and kinship; social change and change in age and sex roles; change in marriage, family and kinship; significance of family in industrial society.
  3. Formal organisation-Elements of formal and informal structures and organisations, bureaucracy functions, dysfunctions and characteristics, bureaucracy and political development, political socialization and political participation, modes of participation, democratic and authoritarian forms, voluntary organisations.
  4. Economic System-Property concepts, social dimensions of division of labour; type of exchange, social aspects of pre- industrial and industrial economic systems; industrialization and changes in the political, educational religious, familiar and stratificational spheres; social determinants and consequences of economic development.
  5. Political Systems-Concepts, elements and types of political systems: functions of a political system, institutions under the political system; political processes with reference to individuals, groups, political organisations, parties and other agencies. Concepts, bases and types of power, authority and legitimacy; Concept of Stateless societies; political socialization versus political participation; properties of State. Power of elites, and masses in democracy and in totalitarian societies; political parties and voting, Leadership democratic order and democratic stability.


  1. Educational Systems- Concepts and goals of education; Schools of philosophy;- Naturalism, Idealism and pragmatism, their bearing on education; importance of education in society, democracy, international understanding and nationalism. New trends in education; Role of various agencies-school home society state and religion in education and socialization. Population Education- its concepts and components, Education as a medium of cultural reproduction, indoctrination, social stratification, mobility and modernization.


  1. Religion- The religious phenomenon; the concepts of sacred and proton, social functions and dysfunctions of religion, magic religion and science, social change and religious secularization.


  1. Social change and development- Factors of social change, economic, biological and technological; Theories of social change- evolutionary, functional and conflict; social change, modernization and development; Democratization equality and social justice; social reconstruction.

Section- II


  1. Indian Society- Features of traditional Hindu Social Organization, Socio-cultural dynamics through the ages, impact of Buddhism, Islam and West on Indian Society, factors in continuity and change.
  2. Social Stratification- Caste system and its transformation, Economic Structural and Cultural view about Caste, origin of the Caste system, issues of inequality and social justice among Hindu and Non-Hindu castes, Caste mobility, Casteism, Backward caste versus Backward Classes, Scheduled Caste and untouchability, changes among Scheduled Castes, eradication of untouchability, industrial and agrarian class structures, rising trends in inter caste relations in Bihar under the impact of Mandal Commission and its reservation policy.
  3. Family, Marriage and Kinship: Regional variation in Kinship system and its socio-cultural correlates, changing aspects of Kinship, The joint family system its structural and functional aspects, its changing form and disorganization, Marriage among various ethnic groups, economic and Caste categories, its changing trend in future, impact of legislation and socioeconomic changes upon family and marriage, inter caste marriages-causes and consequences in Bihar intergeneration gap and youth unrest, changing status of women, women and social development.
  4. Economic System: Jajmani System and its bearing on the traditional society, Market economy and its social consequences, occupational diversification and social structure, professional Trade Unions, Social determinants and consequences of economic development, Economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption; causes of economic backwardness in Bihar, potentialities of economic growth in Bihar, Relationship between economic growth and social development with specific reference to Bihar.
  5. Political System: Functioning of a democratic political system in a traditional society, political parties and their social composition, origin of political elites and their social orientation, decentralization of power, political participation, voting pattern in Bihar, relevance of Caste, community and economic factor in voting behaviour in Bihar, its changing trends, Functions dysfunctions and characteristics of India Bureaucracy, Bureaucracy and political development in India, concept of mass society, Socio-political sources of mass movement in India.
  6. Educational System: Education and society in the traditional and modern contexts, educational inequality and change, education and social mobility, educational problems of women, Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes, causes of educational backwardness in Bihar, Functional and dysfunctional aspects of Mushroom growth of institutions in Bihar; Prospects and problems of higher education in Bihar, New educational Policies, Mass.
  7. Religion: Demographic dimensions, geographical distribution and neighbourhood, living patterns of major religious categories; Interreligiousinter-actions and its manifestations in the problems of conversion Minority status, communications and secularism; impact of various religious Government in India. (Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Brahmoism samaj and Arya Samaj movement on caste system in India; westernisation and modernisation in Bihar; the cohesive and decisive factors, impact of growing religious and politics interrelationship of India’s social organisation.
  8. Tribal societies: Major tribal communities in India, their distinctive features; tribe and case their acculturation and integration; problem of Bihar tribes (social, economic and Political), different approaches to tribal welfare, constitutional and governmental safeguards; tribal movements in India. The Tanabhagat movement, the Birsa movement and the Jharkhand movement, their significance in tribal development.
  9. Rural social system and community development: Sociocultural dimensions of the village community, traditional power structure, democratisation and leadership, poverty, indebtedness and bonded labour, social consequences of land reforms, community Development Programme and other planned development projects of Green Revolution, New strategies of rural development.
  10. Urban Social Organisation: Continuity and change in the traditional causes of social organisation, namely Kinship, Caste and religion in the urban context, stratification and mobility in urban communities, ethnic diversity and community integration, urban neighbourhoods; rural urban differences in demographic and socio-cultural characteristics and their social consequences.
  11. Population dynamics: Theories of population growth Malthusian, biological, demographic transition, optimum population socio-cultural aspects of population composition (sex, age, marital status), determinants of fertility, mortality and migration. Need of population policy in India; population explosion and other determinants factors; social psychological cultural and economic determinants behind population acceptance of family planning practices in India. Family Planning Programmer through first to eighth five year plans; population education; concept, goals, aspects, agencies and techniques of population education.


  1. Social Change and modernization: Problems of role conflict youth unrest- intergenerational gap, changing status of women. Major sources of social change and of resistance to change, impact of west reform movements, social movements, industrialization and urbanization pressure groups, factors of planned change, five year plans legislative of executive measures; process of change sanskritisation, westernisation and modernisation means of modernisation man media and education, problems of change and modernisation, structural contradictions and break-downs. Current social evils-corruption and Nepotism Smuggling, Black Money.




There are two sections. Candidates shall answer not more than three questions from each section.


  1. Probability:

Sample space and events, probability measures and probability space, Statistical independence, Random variable as a measurable function, Discrete and continuous random variables, probability density and distribution functions, marginal and conditional distributions functions of random variables and their distributions, expectation and movements, conditional expectation, correlation co-efficient, convergence in probability in LP almost everywhere; Markov Chebyehve and Kolmogorov inequalities, Borel-Cantellilemma, weak and strong law of large numbers probability generating and characteristic functions Uniqueness and continuity theorems. Determination of distribution by moments Lindeberg. Levy central limit theorem. Standard discrete and continuous probability distributions, their interrelations including limiting cases.

  1. Statistical Inference:

Properties of estimates, consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency, sufficiency and completeness Cramer Rao bond, Minimum variance unbiased estimation, Rao Block well and Lehman Sheffe’s theorem methods of estimation by moment maximum likelihood, minimum Chi-square. Properties of maximum likelihood estimator’s confidence intervals for parameters of standards distributions.

Simple and composite hypotheses, statistical tests and critical region, two kinds of error power function unbiased tests, most powerful and uniformly most powerful tests Nyman

Person Lemma, Optimal tests for simple hypotheses concerning one Parameter monotone likelihood ratio property and its use in constructing U.M.P. test, likelihood ratio criterion and its asymptotic distributing sign test for Location. Wilcoxon- Mann- Whitney test and Kolmogor Simirnov test for the two sample problem. Distribution free confidence intervals for quantitietion, Chi-square and Kolmogor tests for goodness of fit. Run test for randomness and confidence bands for distribution functions.


Notions of a sequential test, Walds, SPRT, its CC and ASN function,


III. Linear Interence and Multivariate Analysis:


Theory of least squares and Analysis of variance. Gauss, Markoff theory, normal equations least square estimates and their precision. Tests of signification and intervals estimates based on least square theory in one way, two way and three way classified data. Regression Analysis, linear regression, estimates and tests about correlation of regression coefficient curve linear regression and orthogonal polynomials, test for linearity and regression Multivariate normal distribution, multiple regression, multiple and partial correlation. Mahalanobis D2 and Hotelling T2- Statistics and their applications (derivations of distribution of D2 and T2 excluded) Fisher’s discriminant analysis.

Section- II

  1. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments

Nature and scope of sampling, simple random sampling, sampling from finite populations with and without replacement, estimation of the standard errors sampling with equal probabilities and PPS sampling. Stratified random and systematic sampling, Two stage and multi-stage sampling, multiphase and cluster sampling schemes.


Estimation of population total and mean, use of biased and unbiased estimates auxiliary variables, double sapling standard errors of estimates cost and variance function ratio and regression estimates and their relative efficiency planning and organisation of sample surveys with special reference to recent large scale surveys conducted in India.


Principles of experimental designs, CRD, RBD, LSD, missing plot technique factorial experiments 2n and 3n design general theory of total and partial confounding and fractional replication. Analysis of split plot, BIB and simple lattice designs.


  1. Engineering Statistics.


Concepts of quality and meaning of control, Different types of control charts like X-R charts, P charts, np Charts and cumulative sum control charts.


Sampling inspection vs. 100 per cent inspection, single, double, multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes inspection, OC, ASN and ATI curves. Concept of producer’s risk and consumer’s risk AQL, AGQL, LTPD etc. Variable sampling plans.


Definition of Reliability, maintainability and availability. Life distribution failure rate and bath-tub, failure curve exponential and Weibull models, Reliabilty of series and parallel systems and other simple configurations.


Different types of redundancy like hot and cold and use of redundancy in reliability improvement problems in life testing, conscred and truncated experiments for exponential model.

III. Operational Research

Scope and definition of OR different types of models, their construction and obtaining solution. Homogenous discrete time Markov chains, transition probability matrix, classification of states and ergodic theorems. Homogenous continuous time Markov chains. Elements of queuing theory, M/M/I and M/M/K queues, the problem of machine interference and GI/M/I and B/GI queues.


Concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead-time. Storage models with particular reference to dam type.


The Structure and formation of a linear programming problem. The Simplex procedure two phase methods and charnes- M Method with artificial variables. The quality theory of linear programming and its economic interpretation. Sensitivity analysis. Transportation and Assignment Problems.

Replacement of items that fail and those that deteriorate, group and individual replacement policies. Introduction to computer and elements of Fortran IV Programming Formats for input and output statements specification and logical statements and subroutines. Application to some simple statistical problems.


  1. Quantitative Economics

Concept of time-series, additive and multiplicative models, resolution into four components, determination of trend by free-hand drawing, moving averages and fitting of mathematical curves, seasonal indices and estimate of the variance of the random components. Definition, Construction, interpretation and limitation of index numbers, lespevre Parsche Edgewoth- Marshall and Fisher index number their compositions tests for index numbers and construction of cost of living index. Theory and analysis of consumer demand – Specification and estimation of demand functions. Demand elasticities. Theory of production, Supply functions and elasticities, input demand functions. Estimation of parameters in single equation model—classical least squares, generalized least squares hetro-scedasticiyt, serial correlation, Multicollieneraity, errors in variables model, simultaneous equation models – identification, rank and order conditions. Indirect least squares and two stage least squares, short- term economic forecasting. V. Demography and psychometry.


Sources of demographic data:

  • Census registration: NSS and other demographic surveys. Limitation and uses of demographic data.
  • Vital rates and ratios: Definition construction and uses.
  • Life tables – complete and abridged: Construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns uses of life tables.
  • Logistic and other population growth curves.
  • Measures of fertility. Gross and net reproduction rates.
  • Stables population theory. Uses of stable and quasi-stable population techniques in estimation of demographic parameters.
  • Morbidity and its measurement Standard classification by cause of death. Health surveys and use of hospital statistics.
  • Educational and psychological statistics methods of Standardisation of scales and tests, IQ tests. Reliability of tests and T and Z scores.



Section- I


Non Chordata and Chordata, Ecology, Ethology, Biostatistics and Economic Zoology.


Part- ‘A’


  1. A general survey, classification and relationship of the various phyla.


  1. Protozoa: Study of the structure, bionomical and life history of Paramecium, Monocytes, Malarial Parasite, Trypanosomes and Leishmania. Locomotion, Nutrition and reproduction in Protozoa.


  1. Porifera: Canal system skeleton and reproduction.


  1. Coelenterate: Structure and life history of Obelia Aurelia, Polymorphism in Hydrozoa, Coral formation, Metagenesis, Phylogenetic relationship of Cinideria and Acnidaria.


  1. Helminthes: Structure and life history of Planaria, Fasciola, Taenia and Ascaris. Parasitic Adaptation, Helminthes in relation to man.


  1. Annelida: Nereis, Earthworm and Leech, Coelom and Metamerism, Modes of life in Polychaectes.


  1. Arthropods: Paleomon, Scorpion, Cockroach. Larval forms and Parasitism in Crustacean, Mouth part vision and respiration in arthropods, Social life and Metamorphosis in insects. Importance of Paripatus.


  1. Mollusca: Unio Pila, Oyster Culture and Pearl formation, Cephalopods.


  1. Echinodermata: General organisation, Larval, forms and affinities of Echinodermata.


  1. General organisation and characters, Outline classification and interrelationship of Protochordata, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.


  1. Neoteny and retrogressive Metamorphosis.


  1. A general Study of comparative account of the various systems of Vertebrates.


  1. Locomotion, Migration and respiration in fishes, Structure and affinities of Dipnoi.


  1. Origin of Amphibia, distribution, Anatomical Peculiarities and affinities of Urodela and Apoda.


  1. Origin of Reptiles, Adaptive Radiation in Reptiles, fossil Reptiles, Poisonous and non-Poisonous Snakes of India, Poison Apparatus of Snake.


  1. Origin of Birds, Flightless Birds, Aerial adaptation and migration of Birds.


  1. Origin of Mammals, Nomologies of ear ossicles in Mammals, Dentition and Skin derivatives and Mammals, Distribution, Structural Peculiarities and Phylogenetic relation of Prototheria and Methatheria.


Part- ‘B’

Ecology, Ethology, Biostatics and economic Zoology:-


  1. Environment: Abiotic factors and their role, biotic factors – and Inter – specific relations.


  1. Animal: Organisation at population and community levels, ecological successions.


  1. Ecosystem: Concept, Components, Fundamental operation, Energy flow, Biogeo-chemical cycle, food chain and Trophic levels.


  1. Adaptation in fresh water, Marine and Terrestrial habitats.


  1. Pollution in air, Water and Land.


  1. Wild life in India and its conservation.


Ethology –


  1. General survey of various types of animal behaviour.


  1. Role of hormones and pheromones in behavioures


  1. Chronobiology: Biological check, Seasonal Rhythms, Tidal Rhythms.


  1. Neuro-endocrine control of behaviour.


  1. Methods of studying animal’s behaviour.



  1. Methods of sampling, Frequency distribution and measures of central tendency, Standard deviation, Standard error and Standard deviance, Correlation and Repression and Chi-square and f-test.


Economic Zoology –

  1. Parasitism, Commensalism and host Parasite relationship.


  1. Parasitic Protozoans, Helminthes and insects of man and domestic animals.


  1. Insect pests of crops and stored products.


  1. Beneficial insects.
  2. Pisciculture and induced breeding.


Section- II

Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Systematics, Bio-chemistry, Physiology and Embryology.


Part- I

Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Systematics.


  1. Cell Biology- Structure and function of Cell and Cytoplasmic Constituents, Structure of Nucleus, Plasma Membrane Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Endo, plasmic Reticulum and Ribosomes, Cell Division, Mitosis Spindle and Chromosome movements and Meiosis.


Gene structure and function, Watson – Crick Model of DNA, replication of DNA Genetic code, Protein Synthesis, Cell differentiation, Sex-chromosomes and Sex determination.


  1. Genetics – Mendelian laws of inheritance, recombination, Linkage and Linkage Maps, Multiple, Allels, Mutation (Natural and Induced), Mutation and Evolution Meiosis, Chromosome number and form, Structural rearrangements, Polyploidy, Cytoplasmic inheritance, Regulation of Gene expression in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Bio-chemical Genetics, Elements of human Genetics, Normal and Abnormal Karyotypes, Genes and Diseases. Eugenics.


  1. Evolution and Systematics, – Origin of life, history of evolutionary thought, Lamarck and his works. Darwin and his works, sources and nature of organic variation, Natural selection, Hardy-Weinberg law, Cryptic and warning colouration mimicry, Isolating mechanisms and their role. Insular fauna concept of species and sup-species, Principles of classification, Zoological nomenclature and International Code. Fossils, outline of geological cras phylogeny of Horse, Elephant, Camel, Origin and evolution of man, Principles and theories of continental distribution of animals, Zoogeographical realms of the world.


Part- II

Bio-chemistry, Physiology and Embryology.


  1. Bio-chemistry: Structure of Carbohydrates, Lipids, Amino-acids, Proteins, and Nucleic Acid, Glycolysis and Krebs Cycle, Oxidation and reduction, Oxidative Phosphorylation, Energy conservation and release ATP, Cyclic AMP, Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, Cholesterol, Steroid hormones, Type of enzymes, Mechanism of enzyme action, Immunoglobulins and Immunity, Vitamins and coenzymes, Hormones their classification, Biosynthesis and functions.


  1. Physiology with special reference to Mammals, Composition of blood, Blood groups in man, coagulation, Oxygen and carbon dioxide Transport, Hemoglobin. Breathing and its regulation, Nephron and Urine formation, Acid-Base balance and homeostasis, temperature regulation in man, mechanism of conduction along axon across Synapse, Neurotransmitters, Vision, Hearing and other receptors, Types of Muscles, Ultrastructure, and mechanism of contraction of Skeletal Muscle, Role of Salivary Gland, Liver Pancreas and intestinal glands in digestion Absorption of digested food, Nutrition and balanced diet of man, Mechanism of action of Steroid and Peptide Hormones, Role of hypo-thalamus, Pituitary Thyroid, Parathyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Testis, Ovary and Pineal organs and their inter-relationships, Physiology of reproduction in humans, Hormonal control of development in man and insects, Pheromones in insects and Mammals.


  1. Embryology: – Gametogenesis, Fertilization, Types of Eggs, Cleavage, development up to gastrulation in Branchiostoma, Frog and Chick, Fate maps of Frog and Chick. Metamorphosis in Frog, Formation and Fate of Extra Embryonic membranes in Chick Formation of Amnion. Allantois and types of placenta in Mammals, Function of Placenta in Mammals, Organisers, Regeneration, Genetic control of development. Organogenesis of central nervous system, sense organs heart and Kidney of vertebrate embryos. Aging and its implication in relation to man.






  1. History of Hindi Language.


  • Grammatical and Lexical features of Apabhransa, Avahatta and early Hindi.
  • Evolution of Avadhi and Braj Bhasa as literary Language during the Medieval
  • Evolution of Khari Boli-Hindi as literary Language during the 19th
  • Standardization of Hindi Language with Devanagari Script.


  • Development of Hindi as Rashtra Bhasha during the Freedom Struggle.
  • Development of Hindi as official language of Indian Union since Independence.


  • Major Dialects of Hindi and their inter-relationship.


  • Significant grammatical features of standard Hindi.
  1. History of Hindi Literature.


  • Chief characteristics of the major periods of Hindi Literature: vç., Adi Kal, Bhakti Kal, Riti Kal, Bhartendu Kal and Dwivedi Kal, etc.


  • Significant features of the main literary trends and tendencies in Modern Hindi: viz: Chhayavad Rahasyavad, Pragativad, Proyogvad, NayiKavita, Nayi Kahani, Akavita, etc.


  • Rise of Novel and Realism in Modern Hindi.
  • A brief history of theatre and drama in Hindi.


  • Theories of literary criticism in Hindi and Major Hindi Literary critics.
  • Origin and development of literary genres in Hindi.


Section- II


This paper will require first – hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

  • KABIR- KABIR GRANTHAVALI by Shyam Sunder Das (700 Stanzas from the beginning).
  • SURDAS – BHRAMARA GEET SAAR 200 Stanzas from the beginning.
  • TULSIDAS – RAMCHARITMANAS (Ayodhyokand only): KAVITAVALI (Uttarakand only)
  • JAYASHANKAR “PRASAD”- CHANDRAGUPTA, KAMAYANI (Chinta, Shradha, Lajja, Ida only).
  • RAMA CHANDRA SHUKLA – CHINTAMANI (PAHILA BHAG) (10 Essay from the beginning).
  • SURYA KANT TRIPATHI NIRALA – ANAMIKAHAI (Saroj Smriti) (Ramki Shakti Pooja only).



Section- I

Detailed study of a literary age (19th century).

The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the works of Wordsworth. Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitr. Thackeray, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning Arnold, George Eliot, Caryle Ruskin, Peter.

Evidence of first – hand reading will be required. The paper will be designed to test not only the candidate’s knowledge of the authors prescribed but also their understanding of the main literary trends during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural background of the period may be included.

Section- II

This Paper will require first- hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test candidate’s critical ability.


  1. Shakespeare – As you like it; Henry IV Part I. II- The Hamlet, The Tempest.


  1. Milton – Paradise Lost.


  1. Jane Austen – Emma


  1. Wordsworth – The Prelude.


  1. Dickens – David Copperfield.


  1. George Eliot – Middle march.


  1. Hardy – Jude the Obscure


  1. Yeats – Easter 1916.


  • The Second Coming – Byzantium.
  • A Prayer for My Daughter – Leada and the Swan.
  • Sailing to Byzantium – Meru.
  • The Tower: Among School Children – Lapois Lazudili.
  1. Eliot- The Waste Land.
  2. H. Lawrence – The Rainbow.




Section- I

  • The coming of the Aryans in India – The development of the Indo Aryan through three stages. Old Indo-Aryan (OIA). Middle Indo Aryan (MIA) and New Indo-Aryan (NIA) – Grouping of the new Indo Aryan Languages – western Hindi and its dialects Khari Boli, Braj Bhasha and Haryanwi– Relationship of Urdu to Khadi- Perso-Arbic elements in Urdu Development of Urdu from 1200 to 1800 in the North and 1400 to 1700 in the Deccan. With special reference to the Development of Urdu in Bihar from 1200 to 1800.
  • Significant features of Urdu Phonology- Morphology Syntax – Perso-Arabic elements in its Phonology, Morphology and Syntax its vocabulary.
  • Dakhani Urdu- Its origin and developments, its significant linguistic features.

The significant features of the Dakhani Urdu literature (1450-1700)- The two classical backgrounds of Urdu Literature –Perso-Arabic and Indian – Mysnavi, Indian Tales – the influence of the the west on Urdu literaclassical genres – Ghazal, Masticism – Qasida, Rubai-Qita, Prose, Fiction, Modern Genres Blank Verse, Free Verse, Novel. Short Stories, Drama-Literary criticism and Essay.

Section- II

The paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.


  1. Mir Amman – Bagh-O Bahar.
  2. Ghalib- Khatu-e-Ghalib (Anjuman Tarraque-e-Urdu).
  3. Kalimuddin Ahmad – Urdu Tanqueed Per Aik Nazar.
  4. Ruswa – Uma O Jan Ada.
  5. Prem Chand – Wardat.
  6. Abdual Kalam Azad – Ghubar-e-Khatir.
  7. Imtiaz Ali Taj – Anar Kali


  1. Mir – Intikhab-e-Kalam-G-Mir,Ed. Abdul Haq
  2. Sauda- Qasaid (including Hajwiyat)
  3. Ghalib – Diwan-e-Ghalib.
  4. Iqbal – Bal-a-Gibrail
  5. Josh Malihabadi – Saif Subu
  6. Shad Azimabadi – Kulliyat –e- Shad.
  7. Faiz – Kalam-e-Faiz (Complete)




Section- I


  1. History of the Bengali Language.


  • Origin and development of the language.


  • Major dialects of Bengali.


  • Sadhu Bhasa and Chalita Bhasa.


  • Problems of Standardisation and reform with special reference to spelling system alphabet and transliteration (Romanisation).
  1. History of Bengali Literature.
  • The history of the Bengali Literature from the earliest period to the modern times.


  • Social and cultural background of Bengali Literature.
  • Sanskritic background of Bengali Literature.


  • Western influence on Bengali Literature.


  • Modern trends.



Section- II

This paper will require first – hand reading of the text prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

  1. Vaisnava Padavali.
  2. Mukundaram – Chandimangal.
  3. Michael Madhusudan Datta – Meghanadvadh Kavya.
  4. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Krishna Kanter Vill, Kamala Kanter Deptar.
  5. Rabindranath Tagore – Galpagucha (1) Chitra, Punscha Rakta Karabi
  6. Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay – Srikanta (1)
  7. Pramatha Chaudhuri – Prabandha Sangraha (1)
  8. Bibhuti Bhushan Bandhopadhyay – Pather Panchali.
  9. Tarashankar Bandhopadhyay – Ganadevata.
  10. Jibananada Das – Banalata Sen.



Section- I

There will be four parts.

Part- 1

(a) Origin and development of language (from Indo-European to middle Indo-Aryan languages) (General outline only).


  • Significant features of the grammar with particular stress on Sandhi Karaka, Samasa and Vachya (Voice).

Part- 2

General Knowledge of literary history and Principal trends of literary criticism. Origin and development of literary, genres, including epic, drama, prose, kavaya, Lyric and Anthology.


Part- 3

Essentials of Ancient Indian Culture and Phiosophy with special stress on – Varnashrama Vyavastha, Sanskaras and Principal Phiolosophical trends.


Part- 4. Short essay in Sanskrit.


NOTE – Questions of parts (3) and (4) are to be answered in Sanskrit.

Section- II

There will be two parts.

Part- 1. General study of the following works:-



  • Buddhachar gita – (Asvaghosha)


  • Swapnavasavadatta – (Bhasa)


  • Abhigyansakuntala (Kalidasa)


  • Meghaduta – (Kalidasa)


  • Raghuvansa – (Kalidasa)


  • Kumarashambhava – (Kalidasa)


  • Mricchakatika– (Sudraka)


  • Kiratarjuniyam – (Bharavi)


  • Sisupalavadha – (Magha)


  • Uttararamacharita – (Bhavabhuti)


  • Mudraraksasa – (Visakhadatta)


  • Naisadhacharitra (Sriharsa)


  • Rajatarangini (Kalhana)


  • Nitaisataka (Bharatihari)


  • Kadambari – (Banabhatta)


  • Harsacharita – (Banabhatta)


  • Dasakumaracharit-(Dandi)


  • Probadhachandrodaya-(Krishna Mishra)


Part- 2. Evidence of first hand reading of the following selected texts: –

Texts for reading (textual questions will be asked from these portions only)

  1. Kathopanishad I Chapter III Valli Verses 10 to 15
  2. Bhagwatgita II Chapter (13 to 25 verses)
  3. Budhacharita Canto III (1 to 10 verses)
  4. Svapna Vasavadatta (6th)
  5. Abhijnaha Shakuntalam (4th Act)
  6. Meghaduta (1 to 10 opening verses)
  7. Kiratarjuniyam (1st canto)
  8. Uttara Ramacharitam (3rd Act)
  9. Nitishataka (1 to 10 verses)
  10. Kadambari (Shukanasopadesha)
  11. Kautilya Arthasastra-I Adhikarana I Prakarana – 2nd Adhyaya entitled; Vidyasamuddesah. tatra anviksikishthapana and VII Prakarans 11th Adhayaya entiteled: Gudhapurusotpottih. Prescribed editions R.P. Kangle, The Kautilya Arthasastra, Part I. A critical edition, Motilal Banarasi dass, Delhi 1986.


Note- To Part No. 2– Questions carrying minimum of 25% marks should be answered in Sanskrit.



Section- I

  1. (a) Origin and development of the language (in outline)


  • Significant features of the grammar of the language Rhetories Prosody.
    1. Literary History and Literary criticism-Literary movements, classical background, Socio-Culture influences and Modern trends Origin and development of Modern Literary genres including Drama, Novel, Short Story, Essay.
    2. Short Essay in Persian.




Section- II

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

  1. Shah Nama:
  • Dastan Rustam Wa Suhrab.
  • Dastan Vizanba Mança.


  1. Nizaemi Aruzi Samarquadi Chahar Magalas.


  1. Khayyam, Rubaiyat, (Radif Alif, Be, Dal)


  1. Minucheheri-Qasaid (Radif Lam and Mim)
  2. Maulana Rum Masunawi (1st 1st Half)
  3. Sadi Shirazi
  4. Amir Khusrau.
  5. Hafiz
  6. Abul Fazi Ain-i- Akbari.


  1. Bahar Mashhadi. Diwan-i-Bahar (1st, 1st half)
  2. Jawal Zadesh. Yake Bud Yake Na Bud.


Note – Candidates will be required to answer in Persian questions carrying not less than 25 per cent marks.



Section- I

  1. (a) Origin and development of the language in outline.
    • Significant features of the grammar of the Language, Rhetories, Prosody.
  2. Literary History and Literary criticism – Literary movements, classical background, Socio-Cultural influences, and modern trends, Origin and development of modern literary genres including Drama, Novel, Short Story, Essay.
  3. Short Essay in Arabic.


Section- II

This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.



  1. Imraul Qais: His Maullagah:-

      “Qifaa Nabki mim Zikaa Hawibin Wa Manzili” (Complete).


  1. Zoflair Bin Abi Sulma: His Maullahqa: –


      “A min Aufaa Dimnatun Lam Takalemi” (Complete)


  1. Hassan Bin Thabit: The following five Qasaid from his Diwan:: from Qasidah no. 1 to Qasidah IV and the Qasidah:-


      “Lillahi, Darni Isaabatin Nadamthuhm + Yauman BiJililage”


  1. Umar Bin Abi Rabiah: 5 Ghazals from his Diwan:

(i) Falamma Towagafna Wa Sallamtu oshraqat Wujudhum Zahahal Husnu An-Tata guanna (Complete).


  • Laita Hindan Anjazanta Ma Taidu+Wa Shaft Anfusona Mimma Tajidu (Complete).


  • Katabtu IIaiki Min Baladi + Kitaba Muwallahim Kamdi (Complete).


  • Amin AAli Numin Anta Ghaadin Famubkiru Ghadia Ghandia An Raaihum Famuhajjaru (Complete).


  • Qaalali Feeha Ateequn Maqaalan. + Fajarat Mimma Yaqoolud dumoou (Complete).


  1. Faradaq: The following 4 Qasaid from his Diwan:


  • “Haazal Iazi Tarriful Bathaau Watatahu” in praise of Zainul Abideen Ali Bin Hussain.


  • “Zarrat Sakeenatu Atleahan Ankha Bihim” in praise of Umar Bin A. Azç.


  • “Wa Kcomin Tanamul Adhyaf Ainan” in praise of Saeed Bin Al-ass (Complete)


  • “Wa Atlasa Assaalin Wa maakano Sahiban” in praise of “the Wolf”.


  1. Bashhar Bin Murd. The following two Qasaid from his Diwan:


  • “Izaa Balaghar Raaiul Mashwarata Fastain + Biraai Naseehinaw Naseefate Haazimi” (Complete). Khaillaiya Min Kabin Aeenaa Akhookumma Allaa Darahi Innal Kareem Muinu (Complete).


  1. Aba Nawas: First three Qasaid from the Diwan.


  1. The following five Qasaid from his Diwan “Al-Shauquiyal”.
    • “Ghaaba Boloum” (Complete).


  • “Kaneesatusm Saarat Illa Masjidi” (Complete).
  • “Ashloo Hawaki Ilman Yaloomu Fayaozafu” (Complete).


  • “Salaamun Min Saban Baradaa Araqqu (Nakbatu Dimashk)” (Complete).


  • Salaamun Neel Yaa Ghandi – Wa Hazaz Zahru Min Indi” (Complete).




  1. Ibnul Muqaff: “Kaliala Wa Dimna” excluding Muqaddamah: Chapter I. Complete “Al-Asad Wa-al Thaus”.
  2. Al-Jahis: Al-Bayan Wat Tab: in VII edited by Abdul Salam Mohd. Haroon, Cairo, Egypt from pp. 31 to 85.
  3. Ibn Khaldun: his Muqaddamah: 39 Pages, Part Six from the first Chapter:


From “Al Faslul Saadis Minal Kitaabil Awal” to “Wa Min Furoodhi at Jabruwal Muqabla”.

  1. Mahmud Timur: Story, “Amni Mutawallji” from his book “Qaalar Raavi”.
  2. Taufiq Al-Hakim: Drama: “Sinnul Muntahiraa” from his book “Masrahiyatu Tahiqal Hakim”.


Candidates will be required to answer some questions carrying not less than 25 per cent marks in Arabic also.





Section- I.


There will be four parts in this section.


Part 1.


(a) Origin and development of the language (a general outline only, from the Indo-European to the Middle Indo-Aryan Languages), its homeland and the main characteristics.


  • Salient features of the grammar with particular emphasis on Sandhi, Karaka, vibhakti, Samasa, Itthipaccaya, Apacca (Bodhpacoaya) and Sankhaya (bodhaka paccaya).


Part 2.

General Knowledge of the history of the literature (pitaka literature and post-pitaka literature). Principal forms of writings including analytical compositions (Meitipakarana, Petakopedesa, Milinadapanda). Chronicles (Dipavenss, Mahavansa etc.) Commentatorial expositions (Atthakathas of Buddhas, Buddhaghosa and Dhammapla), origin and development and literary genres including epic prose, Kavya, Lyric and Anthology.


Part 3.

Essentials of pre-Buddhistic and post-Buddhistic India Culture and Philosphy with special reference to the four Noble-Truths. (Cattari Ariyasaccant). Tilakkhana (Dukkha Anatta and Anicca) and four Abhidhammic paramaitth as (Cita, Cetasika, Pupa and Nibbana)


Part 4.

Short essay in pali (based on Budhistic themes only)


[Questions on section (3) and (4) to be answered in pali].


Section- II


There will be two parts in this section.


Part 1. General study of the following works: –











  • Chergatha


  • Theragatha






  • Mahavansa





  • Teleckatahagatha




Part 2. Evidence of the first-hand reading of the following selected texts (Textual questions will be asked from the portions mentioned against each texts).


  • Mahavagga (Mahakhandhaka only).


  • Dighanikaya (Samannaphala-sutta only).


  • Majihimanikaya (Mulapariyaya – Setta and Samma ditthisutta).


  • Dhammapada (Yamaka, Vagga only).


  • Suttanipata (Uraga Vagga only).


  • Milindapanha (Lakkhanapannho only).


  • Mahavansa (Pratham –Sangiti, Dutiya-Sangiti and Tativa- Sangiti).


  • Visuldhimagga (Sila niddesa only)



Note to Item No. 2 (1) Questions carrying minimum 25 percent marks should be answered in pali (2) Passages for translation and annotation will be selected only from the portions given above within parenthesis.



Section- I

Part- I

  1. Origin of Maithili Language.


  1. Position of Maithili in Indo-Europeans Family of Languages.


  1. Historical Development of Maithili Language.


  1. Relationship of Maithili with Hindi, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Magahi and Santhali.


  1. Different Dialects of Maithili Languages.


  1. Characteristics of Standard Maithili.




  1. Determination of ages in Maithili Literature and their chief characteristics/features.


  1. Development of Modern Maithili Poetry.


  1. Development of Modern Maithili Novels.


  1. Development of Modern Maithili Drama.


  1. Development of Modern Maithili Short Story.


  1. Development of Modern Maithili Essays and Criticism.


Section- II


This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed Text and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability. Vidyapati-Vidyapati Geetawall, Maithili Academy, Patna, Poem No.- 1 to 50


Govinddas- Govinddash Bhajanawali, Maithili Academy, Patna. Poem No. – 1 to 50 Manboth- Krishnajanma


Chanda Jha- Mithila Bhasha Ramayan (Sunderkant Only)


Yatri- Chitra


Munshi Reghunandan Das- Mithila Natak


Aysi Prasad Singh- Suryamukhi


Prof. Hari Mohan Jh- Kanyadan and Dwiragaman


Prof. Ramanath Jha- Prabandh Sangrah


Raj Kamal Choudhary- Lalka Paag.

Rajasthan Public Service Commission

New Scheme of Examination and Syllabus for Rajasthan State and Subordinate Services Combined Competitive (Preliminary)

Scheme of Examination:

The Preliminary Examination will consist of one paper on the subject specified below, which will be of objective type and carry a maximum of 200 marks. The examination is meant to serve as a screening test only. The Standard of the paper will be that of a Bachelor’s Degree Level. The marks obtained in the Preliminary Examination by the candidates, who are declared qualified for admission to Main Examination will not be counted for determining their final order of merit.

Paper Subject Max Marks Time

  1. General Knowledge and General Science 200; 3 Hours

Note: 1. There will be 150 questions of multiple choice (Objective Type), carrying equal marks.

  1. There will be negative marking.1/3 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.


History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition & Heritage of Rajasthan

  • Major Landmarks in the History of Rajasthan, Major Dynasties, their Administrative and Revenue System.
  • Socio-cultural Issues.
  • Freedom Movement , Political Awakening and Integration
  • Salient features of Architecture – Forts and Monuments
  • Arts, Paintings and Handicrafts.
  • Important Works of Rajasthani literature. Local Dilects
  • Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dances.
  • Rajsathani Culture, Traditions and Heritage.
  • Religious Movements, Saints& Lok devtas of Rajasthan.
  • Important Tourist Places.
  • Leading Personalities of Rajasthan.

Indian History

Ancient & Medieval Period:

  • Salient features and Major Landmarks of Ancient and Medieval India
  • Art, Culture, Literature and Architecture.
  • Major Dynasties, Their Administrative System. Socio-Economic Conditions, Prominent Movements.

Modern Period:

  • Modern Indian history (from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present)-significant events, personalities and issues.
  • The Freedom Struggle & Indian National Movement- its various stages and important contributors and contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Social and Religious Reform movements in the 19th and 20th century.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Geography of World and India

World Geography:

  • Broad Physical features.
  • Environmental and Ecological Issues.
  • Wildlife and Bio-diversity.
  • International Waterways.
  • Major Industrial Regions.

Geography of India:

  • Broad physical features and Major physiographic divisions.
  • Agriculture and Agro based Activities.
  • Minerals – Iron, Manganese, Coal, Oil & Gas, Atomic minerals.
  • Major Industries and Industrial development.
  • Transportation– major transport corridors.
  • Natural Resources.
  • Environmental Problems and Ecological Issues.

Geography of Rajasthan

  • Broad physical features and Major physiographic divisions.
  • Natural Resource of Rajasthan- Climate, Natural Vegetation, Forests, Wildlife and Bio-diversity
  • Major irrigation projects.
  • Mines and Minerals.
  • Major Industries and Potential for Industrial Development.
  • Indian Constitution, Political System &Governance
  • Constitutional Development & Indian Constitution: Government of India Acts: 1919 and 1935, Constituent Assembly, Nature of Indian Constitution; Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State, Fundamental Duties, Federal Structure, Constitutional Amendments, Emergency Provisions, Public Interest Litigation (P.I.L.) and Judicial Review.
  • Indian Political System and Governance: Nature of Indian State, Democracy in India, Reorganization of States, Coalition Governments, Political Parties, National Integration.
  • Union and State Executive; Union and State Legislative, Judiciary, President, Parliament, Supreme Court, Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Planning Commission, National Development Council, Central Vigilance Commission (CVC), Central Information Commission , Lokpal, National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • Local Self Government & Panchayati Raj
  • Public Policy & Rights
  • National Public Policy as a welfare state.
  • Various Legal Rights and Citizen Charter.
  • Political and Administrative System of Rajasthan
  • Governor, Chief Minister, State Assembly, High Court, Rajasthan Public Service Commission, District Administration, State Human Rights Commission, Lokayukt, State Election Commission, State Information Commission.
  • Public Policy, Legal Rights and Citizen Charter.

Economic Concepts and Indian Economy

Basic Concepts of Economics

  • Basic Knowledge of Budgeting, Banking, Public Finance, National Income, Growth and Development
  • Accounting- Concept, Tools and Uses in Administration
  • Stock Exchange and Share Market
  • Fiscal and Monetary Policies
  • Subsidies, Public Distribution System
  • e-Commerce
  • Inflation- Concept, Impact and Control Mechanism

Economic Development & Planning: – 5 Year Plans – Objectives, Strategies and Achievements.

  • Major Sectors of Economy- Agriculture, Industry, Service and Trade- Current Status, Issues & initiatives.
  • Major Economic Problems and Government Initiatives. Economic Reforms and Liberalization
  • Human Resource and Economic Development: –
  • Human Development Index
  • Poverty and Unemployment: – Concept, Types, Causes, Remedies and Current Flagship Schemes.
  • Social Justice and Empowerment:-Provisions for Weaker Sections.

Economy of Rajasthan

  • Macro overview of Economy.
  • Major Agricultural, Industrial and Service Sector Issues.
  • Growth, Development and Planning.
  • Infrastructure & Resources.
  • Major Development Projects.
  • Programmes and Schemes- Government Welfare Schemes for SC/ST/Backward Class/Minorities/Disabled Persons, Destitute, Women, Children, Old Age People, Farmers & Labourers.

Science & Technology

  • Basics of Everyday Science-Electronics, Computers, Information and Communication Technology.
  • Space Technology including Satellites.
  • Defence Technology.
  • Human body, Food and Nutrition, Health care.
  • Environmental and Ecological Changes and its Impacts.
  • Biodiversity, Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering.
  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.
  • Development of Science and Technology in Rajasthan.

Reasoning & Mental Ability

  • Logical Reasoning (Deductive, Inductive, Abductive): Statement and Assumptions, Statement and Argument, Statements and Conclusion, Courses of Action.

Analytical Reasoning.

  • Mental Ability: Number series, Letter series, Odd man out, Coding-Decoding, Problems relating to Relations, Shapes and their sub sections.
  • Basic Numeracy: Elementary knowledge of Mathematical and Statistical Analysis. Number System, Order of Magnitude, Ratio and Proportion, Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest, Data Analysis (Tables, Bar diagram, Line graph, Pie-chart)

Current Affairs

  • Major Current Events and Issues of State(Rajasthan), National and International Importance
  • Persons and Places in recent news
  • Games and Sports related Activities

Scheme of Examination and Syllabus RAS Mains

Scheme of Examination:

(a) The number of candidates to be admitted to the Main Examination will be 15 times the total approximate number of vacancies (category wise) to be filled in the year in the various Services and posts, but in the said range all those candidates who secure the same percentage of marks as may be fixed by the Commission for any lower range will be admitted to the Main Examination.

(b) The written examination will consist of the following four papers which will be descriptive /analytical. A candidate must take all the papers listed below which will also consist of question paper of brief, medium, long answer and descriptive type question. The standard of General Hindi and General English will be that of Sr. Secondary Level. The time allowed for each paper shall be 3 hours.

Paper Subject Marks Time


PAPER I General Studies –I 200; 3 Hours

PAPER II General Studies-II 200; 3 Hours

PAPER III General Studies-III 200; 3 Hours

PAPER IV General Hindi and General English 200; 3 Hours



General Knowledge and General Studies


Part A – History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition and Heritage of Rajasthan

  • Major landmarks in the History of Rajasthan from Pre-historic time to close of 18th Century, Important dynasties, their administrative and revenue system.
  • Salient events of 19th & 20th centuries: Peasant & Tribal Movements. Political Awakening, Freedom Movement and Integration.
  • Heritage of Rajasthan: Performing & fine Art, Handicraft and Architecture; Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dance
  • Important works of Rajasthani Literature and Dialects of Rajasthan.
  • Saints , Lok Devtas and eminent personalities of Rajasthan

Part B – Indian History & Culture

  • Indian heritage: Fine Art, Performing Art, Architecture & Literature from Indus Civilization to British Era.
  • Religious Movements and religious philosophy in Ancient and Medieval India.
  • History of Modern India from beginning of 19th Century to 1965 AD: Significant events, personalities and issues.
  • Indian National Movement- Its various stages & streams, important contributors and contribution from different parts of the country.
  • Socio-religious Reform Movements in 19th and 20th Century.
  • Post-Independence consolidation and reorganisation – Accession of princely states & Linguistic reorganisation of the states.

Part C – History of Modern World (up to 1950AD)

  • Renaissance and Reformation.
  • Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution.
  • Imperialism and colonialism in Asia and Africa.
  • Impact of World Wars.


Part A- Indian Economy

  • Major Sectors of Economy: Agriculture, Industry & Service- Current Status, Issues and Initiatives.
  • Banking: Concept of Money supply & High Powered Money. Role and Functions of Central Bank & Commercial Banks, issues of NPA, Financial Inclusion. Monetary Policy- Concept, objectives & Instruments.
  • Public Finance: Tax reforms in India- Direct & Indirect, subsidies- Cash Transfer and other related issues. Recent Fiscal Policy of India.
  • Recent Trends in Indian Economy: Role of Foreign Capital, MNCs, PDS, FDI, Exim Policy, 12th Finance Commission, Poverty alleviation schemes.

Part B- World Economy

  • Global Economic issues and trends: Role of World Bank, IMF & WTO.
  • Concept of Developing, Emerging and Developed countries.
  • India in global Scenario.

Part C- Economy of Rajasthan

  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.
    • Industrial Sector- Growth and recent trends.
    • Growth, Development & Planning with special reference to Rajasthan.
    • Recent development and issues in service sector of Rajasthan.
    • Major Development Projects of Rajasthan- their objectives and impact.
    • Public Private Partnership Model for Economic Transformation in Rajasthan.
    • Demographic Scenario of the State and its impact on Rajasthan Economy.


Part A- Sociology

Development of Sociological Thought in India

  • Social Values
  • Caste Class & Occupation
  • Sanskritization
  • Varna, Ashram, Purusharth and Sanskar Vyavastha
  • Secularism
  • Issues and Problems of Society.
  • Tribal community of Rajasthan: Bhil, Mina (Meena) and Garasia.

Part B- Management

  • Management – Scope, concept, functions of Management – Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Direction, Coordination and Control, Decision-Making: concept, process and techniques.
  • Modern concept of Marketing, Marketing Mix – Product, Price, Place and Promotion
  • Objective, concept of maximization of wealth, Sources of Finance – Short and Long term, Capital Structure, Cost of Capital
  • Concept and Main theories of Leadership and Motivation, Communication, Basics of recruitment, selection, induction, training & development and appraisal system

Part C- Business Administration

  • Techniques of analysis of Financial statements, Basics of Working Capital Management, Responsibility and Social Accounting
  • Meaning & Objectives of Auditing, Internal Control, Social, Performance and Efficiency Audit.
  • Basics of different types of Budgeting, Budgetary control


General Knowledge and General Studies

Unit I- Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability and Basic Numeracy

  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability
  • Number Series, Letter Series, Coding –Decoding
  • Problems related to Relations
  • Shapes and their Sub-sections, Venn Diagram
  • Problems based on Clocks, Age and Calendar
  • Number system and order of Magnitude
  • Simultaneous Linear Equations in Two Variables
  • Ratio and Proportion, Compound Proportion
  • Square Root, Cube Root, H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Percentage, Simple and Compound Interest
  • Time and Work, Speed and Distance
  • Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes, Volume and Surface Area of Sphere, Cone, Cylinder and Cuboids
  • Trigonometry Ratios and Angles
  • Data Analysis (Tables, Bar-Graph, Line Graph, Pie-Chart)
  • Measures of Central Tendency, Mean, Mode, Median, Standard Deviation and Variance
  • Probability

Unit II- General Science & Technology

  • Motion, laws of motion, work energy and power, rotational motion, gravitation, simple harmonic motion, waves
  • Properties of matter, electrostatics, current electricity, moving charge and magnetism.
  • Ray optics, Photo electric effect, Nuclear physics, semi-conductor devices
  • Electromagnetic waves, communication systems, basics of computers, use of information technology in administration, e-governance and e- commerce, contributions of Indian scientists in the development of science
  • States of matter, Atomic structure, chemical bonding and molecular structure, equilibriums
  • Thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, solid state, solutions, electrochemistry, Chemical kinetics
  • Characteristic feature of life
  • Nutrition in organisms
  • Principal of inheritance and variation
  • Human health and diseases
  • Biotechnology and its applications
  • Bio diversity and conservation
  • Ecosystems
  • Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal Husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.

Unit III- Earth Science (Geography & Geology)

Part A- World

  • Broad Physical Feature: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes and Glaciers.
  • Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Types, distribution and their impact
  • Earth and its Geological time scale.
  • Current Geopolitical Problems.

Part B- India

  • Broad Physical Features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes and Glaciers.
  • Major Physiographic divisions of India.
  • Climate- Origin of Monsoon, Seasonal Climatic conditions, Distribution of rainfall and climatic regions,
  • Natural Resources: (a) Water, Forest, Soil

                                                (b) Rocks & Mineral: Types and their uses

  • Population: Growth, Distribution and Density, Sex-ratio, Literacy, urban and Rural Population.

Part C- Rajasthan

  • Broad Physical Features: Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Rivers and Lakes.
  • Major Physiographic Regions.
  • Natural Vegetation and Climate.
  • Livestock, Wildlife and its Conversation.
  • Agriculture- Major Crops.
  • Mineral Resources:
  • Metallic Minerals- Types, distribution and Industrial uses and their conservation.
  • Non- Metallic Minerals- Types, distribution and Industrial uses and their conservation.
    • Energy Resources: Conventional and Non-conventional
    • Population and Tribes.


General Knowledge and General Studies

Unit I- Indian Political System, World Politics and Current Affairs

  • Indian Constitution: Framing, Features, Amendments, Basic Structure.
  • Ideological Contents: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Duties.
  • Institutional framework- I: Parliamentary System, President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Parliament.
  • Institutional Framework- II: Federalism, Centre-State relations, Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism.
  • Institutional Framework- III: Election Commission of India, Comptroller and Auditor General, Union Public Service Commission, NITI Aayog, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Information Commission, National Human Rights Commission
  • Political Dynamics: Role of Cast, Religion, Class, Ethnicity, Language and Gender in Indian Politics, Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour, Civil Society and Political Movement, Issues related to National Integrity and Security. Potential areas of Socio-Political conflicts
  • State Politics of Rajasthan: Party System, Political Demography, Different phases of Political competition in Rajasthan, Panchayati Raj and Urban self-Government Institutions
  • Emerging World Order in the post-Cold War era, USA’s hegemony and its resistance, UN and Regional Organizations, International Terrorism and Environmental issues.
  • Foreign Policy of India: Evolution, Determinants, India’s relations with USA, China, Russia and European Union, India’s role in UN, NAM, BRICS, G- 20, G- 77 and SAARC.
  • Geo-political and Strategic development in South Asia, South East Asia and West Asia and their impact on India.
  • Current Affairs: Current events, persons and places of Rajasthan, National and international importance, recent activities related to games and sports.

Unit II- Concepts, Issues and Dynamics of Public Administration and Management

  • Administration and management: Meaning, nature and significance. Its role in developed & developing societies. Evolution of Public Administration as a discipline, new public administration, Theories of public administration.
  • Concepts of power, authority, legitimacy, responsibility and delegation.
  • Principles of organization: Hierarchy, Span of control and unity of command
  • Functions of management, Corporate governance and social responsibility
  • New dimensions of public management, management of change.
  • Aptitude and foundational values of civil services: integrity, impartiality, and Non-partisanship, dedication to public service, relationship between generalists and specialists.
  • Legislative & Judicial control over administration: various methods and techniques of legislative & judicial control.
  • Administrative setup, administrative culture in Rajasthan: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Secretariat and Chief Secretary.
  • District administration: organization, role of District Collector and Superintendent of Police, Sub-divisional and Tehsil administration.
  • Development Administration: Meaning, Scope and Characteristics.
  • State Human Rights Commission, State Election Commission, Lokayukt, Rajasthan Public Service Commission, Public Service Guarantee Act, 2011

Unit III- Administrative Ethics, Behavior and Law

Part A- Administrative Ethics

  • Administrative Ethics: Ethics and human interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of ethic and human actions-Moral values (rights and Duties; Good and Virtues), Cardinal virtues of Plato, Utilitarianism- J.S. Mill, Freedom of will and moral responsibility
  • Kantian ethics, Ethics of Bhagavad Gita and its role in administration.
  • Dimension of ethics: Role of administrators in society and educational institution in the inculcating
  • Ethics in private and public relationships- Behaviour, Moral and Political attitudes of administrators.

Part B – Behavior

  • Intelligence: Cognitive intelligence, Social intelligence, Emotional intelligence, Cultural intelligence and Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence.
  • Personality: Psychoanalytical theories, Trait and Type theories, Determinants of personality and Assessment of personality.
  • Learning and Motivation: styles of learning, Models of memory, causes of forgetting. Classification and types of motives, Theories of work motivation, Assessment of motivation
  • Meeting Life Challenges: Stress: Nature, type, Sources, Symptoms, Effects, Stress Management, Promotion of Positive health and well-being.

Part C-Law

  • Concepts of Law: Ownership and possession, Personality, Liability, Rights and Duties.
  • Contemporary Legal issues: Right to information, Information technology law including cyber laws (concepts, purpose, prospects), Intellectual Property Rights (concepts, types, purpose, prospects)
  • Crimes against Women and Children: Domestic Violence, Sexual Harassment the work place, the protection of children from sexual offenses Act 2012, Laws related to child labour.
  • Important Land Laws in Rajasthan: Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956; Rajasthan Tenancy Act, 1955


General Hindi and General English

चतुर्थ प्रश्न पत्र भाषागत ज्ञान हिंदी एवं अंग्रेजी

सामान्य हिंदी राजस्थानी सहित (कुल अंक 120)

हिंदी (अंक 100)

इस प्रश्न पत्र का उद्देश्य अभ्यर्थी की भाषा- विशेष क्षमता तथा उसके विचारों को सही स्पष्ट एवं प्रभाव पूर्ण अभिव्यक्ति की परख करना है

भाग अ (अंक 30)

  • संधि एवं संधि विच्छेद- दिए हुए शब्दों में संधि करना और संधि विच्छेद करना
  • उपसर्ग- उपसर्गों का सामान्य ज्ञान और उसके संयोग से शब्दों की संरचना और शब्दों में विद्यमान उपसर्गों को पृथक करना
  • प्रत्यय प्रत्ययों का सामान्य ज्ञान और उस के सहयोग से शब्दों की संरचना और शब्दों में विद्यमान प्रत्ययों को पृथक करना
  • शब्द युग्मों का अर्थ भेद
  • एक वाक्यांश के लिए सार्थक शब्द
  • वाक्य शुद्धि – विभिन्न व्याकरणिक अशुद्धियों वाले वाक्य को शुद्ध करना
  • मुहावरे व उनके अनुप्रयोग
  • पारिभाषिक शब्दावली- प्रशासन से संबंधित अंग्रेजी शब्दों के समानार्थक हिंदी शब्द


भाग ब (अंक 30)

  • संक्षिप्तीकरण- गद्यांश का उचित शीर्षक एवं एक तिहाई शब्दों में संक्षिप्तीकरण

(गद्य अवतरण शब्द सीमा 150 शब्द एवं संक्षिप्तीकरण लगभग 50 शब्दों में होना चाहिए)

  • वृद्धि कारण- किसी सूक्ति प्रसिद्ध कथन आदि का भाव विस्तार ( शब्द सीमा 150)
  • पत्र लेखन एवं प्रारूप- कार्यालय पत्र, निविदा परिपत्र और अधिसूचना

भाग स (अंक 40)

किसी समसामयिक एवं अन्य विषय पर निबंध लेखन (शब्द सीमा 500 शब्द)

नोट- 5 विकल्पों में से किसी एक विषय पर निबंध लेखन


राजस्थानी साहित्य एवं बोलियां (कुल अंक 20)

खंड क (कुल अंक 10)

  • राजस्थानी साहित्य का उद्भव एवं विकास
  • राजस्थान की विभिन्न बोलियां एवं प्रचलन क्षेत्र
  • राजस्थानी कहावत और मुहावरों का हिंदी अर्थ
  • राजस्थानी शब्दों के हिंदी समानार्थक शब्द
  • राजस्थानी पद का हिंदी अनुवाद


खंड ख (कुल अंक 10)

इस भाग में राजस्थानी साहित्य के प्रमुख रचनाकारों एवं उनकी रचनाओं से संबंधित एवं लोक साहित्य की विधाओं से संबंधित परिचयात्मक प्रश्न पूछे जाएंगे

  1. एक सामान्य परिचयात्मक प्रश्न राजस्थानी काव्य/ लोक गीतों से से संबंधित होगा
  2. एक सामान्य परिचयात्मक प्रश्न राजस्थानी गद्य की विविध विधाओं/ लोक कथा/ लोकगाथा से संबंधित होगा


General English (Total marks 80)

Part A- Grammar & Usage (20 Marks)

  • Correction of Sentences: 10 sentences for correction with errors related to: Articles & Determiners
  • Prepositions
  • Tenses & Sequence of Tenses
  • Modals
  • Voice- Active & Passive
  • Narration- Direct & Indirect
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Phrasal Verbs & Idioms
  • One Word Substitute
  • Words often Confused or Misused

Part B- Comprehension, Translation & Precis Writing (30 Marks)

  • Comprehension of an Unseen Passage (250 Words approximately) 05 Questions based on the passage. Question No. 05 should preferably be on vocabulary.
  • Translation of five sentences from Hindi to English.
  • Precis Writing (a short passage of approximately 150-200 words)

Part C- Composition & Letter Writing (30 Marks)

  • Paragraph Writing- Any 01 paragraph out of 03 given topics (approximately 200 words)
  • Elaboration of a given theme (Any 1 out of 3, approximately 150 words)
  • Letter Writing or Report Writing (approximately 150 words)

MPPSC Preliminary/Mains Exam Pattern

Preliminary Exam

Paper I-General Studies (150 Marks)

Paper II- Any one subject of the optional subject given in the list stated below: (300 Marks)

Mains Exam

Paper I- General Studies (300 Marks)

Paper II- General Studies (300 Marks)

Paper III-General Hindi (300 Marks)

Paper IV and Paper V-Any one Optional Subject (300 Marks)

Paper VI and Paper VII- Any one Optional Subject (300 Marks)






1. General Science and Environment
Questions on general science and Environment (Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity & Climate Change) will cover general appreciation and understanding of science including matters of every day observation and experience as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline.
2. Current Events of National & International Importance
In current events knowledge of significant National and International level will be tested.
3. History of India and Independent India
In History, questions of general knowledge related to social, economic and political aspects will be asked. Also, there will be questions on Indian National Movement and Development of Independent India.
4. (a) Geography of India
There will be questions of general knowledge relating to Physical, social and economic geography. It will also include questions on Indian Agriculture and Natural resources. There will be questions pertaining to demography and census of India.

(b) General Geographical awareness of world.
5. Indian Polity and Economy
Political system and constitution of the country, Panchayati Raj, social system, sustainable economic development, elections, political parties, plans, industrial development, foreign trade and economic and financial institutions.
6. Sports
Important games and sports tournaments, Awards, personalities and Renowned Sports Institutions of M.P., India, Asia and World.
7. Geography, History and Culture of M.P.
There will be questions related to the development of Mountains, rivers, climate, Flora and Fauna, Minerals transportation in the Geography of Madhya Pradesh . It will also have questions relating to important dynasties of M.P., Contribution of important dynasties in the Histroy & Culture of Madhya Pradesh, There will be questions on Tribals, Arts, Architecture, Fine Arts and Historical personalities of M.P.
8. Polity and Economy of M.P.
Political system, Political parties and elections, Pachyati Raj, Social system and sustainable economic development of M.P. This will also include questions on Industry, Plans, Economic programmes, business, demography and census of M.P.
9. Information and Communication Technology
Questions pertaining to characteristics, uses, and terminologies such as website, online, search engine, e-mail, video mail, chatting, video conferencing, hacking, cracking, virus and cyber-crime.
10. Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) 1989 (No.33 of 1989) and the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 (No. 22 of 1955)
11. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.


  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skill including communication skill
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, order of magnitude ect.-Class X level) Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.-Class X level)
  7. Hindi Language Comprehension Skill (Class X level)

Note:- Question relating to Hindi Language Comprehension skill of Class X level will be tested through passages from Hindi language only without providing English Translation thereof in the question paper.






  1. History of Modern India and Indian culture
  • The History of Modern India will cover history of the Country from about the middle of nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The part relating to Indian culture will cover all aspects of Indian culture from the ancient to modern times.
  1. Geography of India
  • In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social geography of India.
  1. Indian Polity
  • This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, Political system, Indian Administrative system and related matters.
  1. Current National issues
  • This part is intended to test the Candidate’s awareness of current national issues.
  1. International Affairs & Institutions
  • This part will include questions on important events in world affairs and on international institutions.
  1. Indian Economy
  • In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic development in India, economic & trade issues, Foreign Trade, the role and functions of I.M.F., World Bank, ADB, W.T.O. etc.
  1. Developments in the field of Science & Technology, Communication and Space
  • In this part, questions will test the candidate’s awareness of the developments in the field of Science & Technology, Communication and space and also basic ideas of computers.
  1. India and the World
  • This part is intended to test candidate’s awareness of India’s relationship with the world in various spheres, such as the following :

Role of India in the context of world.

Foreign Affairs, External security and related matters, Nuclear Policy.

  1. Games & Sports
  • Questions will assess the awareness of candidates in respect of games and sports at international and national level. It will also have questions pertaining to different awards and personalities in the context of India.
  1. Indian Agriculture
  • Attempt will be made to assess the general awareness of candidates in respect of crops, white revolution, green revolution, agriculture production and their impact on development of rural economy.
  1. Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) 1989 and the Protection of
    Civil Rights Act, 1955 (No. 22 of 1955)
  2. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.




Part – I

General Introduction of Madhya Pradesh

  1. Geography

General Introduction of Madhya Pradesh, area, topography and structure, physical and geographic areas and climate.

  1. Natural Resources of Madhya Pradesh Mineral Wealth.

Forest Wealth and Wild Life.

Agriculture and Live stock, Regional distribution of crops, planned development of Agriculture, Green Revolution, Development of Live stock.

Water Resources – Development of Irrigation and Irrigation projects.

  1. Human Resources

Population, Population Density, Urban and Rural population, Literacy and Labours.

  1. Energy Resources

Questions will attempt to assess the general awareness of condidates about the conventional and non-conventional sources of energy and their uses in human life.

  1. Industries

Attempt will be made to assess the general awareness of candidates about the types and size of industries and their impact on state economy.

  1. Environment

Questions will be related to environment and its protection, pollution, natural climates and their impact on quality of human life.

  1. Planning and Evaluation

Attempt will be to assess the general awareness of candidates about different aspect of five year plans till date, various programmes of urban and rural development, economic planning and its evaluation and status of Madhya Pradesh in the context of Country.

  1. Administrative Structure of Madhya Pradesh

Questions will be related to general knowledge of candidates about administrative units – Division, District, Tehsil and Development-Blocks; their relationship and administrative structure.

  1. Rural and Urban Administrative Structure

Questions will be pertaining to the general knowledge of candidate about organization and administrative structure of Pachayati Raj, Municipality and Municipal corporation.

  1. Games and Sports

Attempt will be made to assess the awareness of candidates related to organization, management and facilities for different games and sports. The questions will also be related to different State awards, and personalities and contribution of Government and non Government agencies.


Part – II

Culture, Literature, Music, Dance, Arts and History of Madhya Pradesh

  1. Culture

The questions will be related to nature, types their salient features and impact on human life.

  1. Literature
    • Ancient – Kalidas, Bharthari, Bhavbhuti, Vanabhatta.
    • Medieval – Keshav, Padmakar, Bhushan.
    • Modern – Pandit Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Balkrishna Sharma “Navin”, Bhavani Prasad Mishra, Harishankar Parsai, Sharad Joshi, Mulla Ramoozi, Shiv-Mangal Singh, Suman and Nanddulare Vajpai.


  • Folk Literature / Dialects of Madhya Pradesh. Isuri, Singaji..
  1. Music & Dance Tradition


(1) Music Tradition – Tansen, Ustad Allauddin Khan, Ustad Hafiz Ali Khan, Pandit Krishna Rao, Shankar Pandit, Rajabhaiya Poonchwale, Ustad Amir Khan, Kumar Gandharva, Maharaj Chakradhar Singh Pandit Kartik Ram.


  • Dance tradition – Major styles of folk music, major folk dances.
  1. Arts

Questions of general nature will be related to characteristics of Rock painting, folk panting, modern painting school and important painters. It will also have questions related to major folk and other theatres.


  1. Major Scheduled Tribes

It will assess the general awareness of candidates related to names, characteristics, habitats, major fairs and festivals and cultural structure of major scheduled tribes. It will also have questions related to different programmes of State Government for the upliftment of Scheduled Tribes.


  1. Programmes of State Government in the field of Culture


The questions will attempt to assess general knowledge of the candidate related to literasy academics and institutions. The questions will also be related to different Music and Fine Arts Schools and Cultural festivals. There will be questions awards given by the state for the significant contribution in the filed of literature, music and fine arts.


  1. Archaeological Heritage

The questions of general knowledge will be related to significance and characteristics of major historical, archaeological and tourist places.


  1. Historical perspective of Madhya Pradesh

The questions will be related to creation of M.P. and important dynesties and rules of M.P., It will also have questions related to contribution of M.P. in freedom movement.



(CODE NO. 01)





  1. Elementary Agronomy

Classification of weeds and herbicides. Associated losses dueto infestation of weeds. Weed management through cultural, chemical, biological and integrated approach. Tillage and crop production. Water use efficiency in relation to crop production. Criteria for scheduling irrigation. Concepts of multiple cropping, multi-storey, relay and intercropping and their importance.


  1. General Horticulture

Orchard planning (Soils, Climate, Nutrition, Training, Pruning, Flowering and fruiting problems and bearing habits), Bonsai. Nursery management and propagation methods. Types of vegetable gardening; Physiological disorders in vegetables and fruits. Principles and methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetables and processing techniques. Landscape, Floriculture including raising of ornamental plants. Design and layout of gardens.


  1. Basic genetics


Chromosome organization and functions – Mitotic and meiotic cell division. Reproduction and fertilization – Mendel’s experiments and laws of inheritance. Gene interaction, Linkage and crossing over, Chromosomal aberration. Cytoplasmic inheritance. Qualitative and quantities traits. Nilsson-Ehle’s experiment. Structure and replication of genetic material. Gene expression. Central dogma. gene transcription and translation. Genetic code. Operon model. Gene mutation.


  1. Crop improvement

Center of Crop diversity, mode of reproduction, variability in plants, Germsplasm Male sterility and self incompatibility. Heterosis and inbreeding depression, Breeding methods for crop improvement 5. Plant protection


Classification and symptoms of plant diseases, Principles of plant disease control including (exclusion, eradication, immunization and protection) Classification of pesticides and formulations. Agents and basic steps of biological control. Integrated diseases and insect pest management. Principle methods of control of stored grain pest and storage pests. Methods of rodent control. Spray equipments, their selection and maintenance. Safety precautionary measures during pesticide usage. Bee keeping (apiculture) and mushroom cultivation. Legal control – plant quarantine and insecticidal act.

  1. Basic agro-forestry

Silvi-culture and agro-forestry, Classification of agro-forestry system; Waste land and watershed

development through agro-forestry

  1. Elements of crop physiology

Absorption and translocation of water and nutrients. Transpiration and water economy. Photosynthesis and respiration. Growth analysis and its importance. Photo-periodism and vernailisation. Growth hormones, senescence and post-harvest physiology (seed dormancy, storage physiology and fruit ripening)


  1. Organic farming


Defination of organic Farming, Components and its role in sustainable Agriculture Bio-fertilizers, production and use; Role of neem Products in crop protection. Role of microorganisms in agriculture 9. Dry land farming


Dry land agriculture for sustaining agricultural production. Soil and Water management with special reference to dry land agriculture.



There will be two optional sections (A & B) Candidate will have to answer all the questions from the opted section.




Will be based on production and protection of the following main crops

                                    Field crop groups

Cereals:                       wheat rice maize and sorghum

Pulses crops:               pigeonpea chickpea urad and moong

oil seeds crops:            soyabean groundnut and rapeseed mustard

cash crops:                   cotton and sugarcane



Will be based on production and protection of the following

                                    Horticulture crops

Fruits:                          mango citrus banana and papaya

Vegetable crops:         potato onion tomato okra and peas

Cole crops:                  cauliflower and cabbage

Leafy vegetables:        spinach

Flowers:                      rose is marigold chrysanthemum aster gaillardia and gladiolus

Spices:                         garlic chillies fenugreek and coriander



(CODE NO. 01)


  1. Seed technology

Seed technology: definition and importance. Varieties, Seed germination and dormancy. Planting value. Seed and variety deterioration. DUS and VCU test. Physical and genetic purity. Seed health. Seed legislation and certification; Classes of seeds; basic priniciples of Seed production and processing


  1. Agricultural biotechnology

Methods and application of plant tissue culture; D.N.A. basedmarker gene cloning and tools for recombinant DNA technology


  1. Agricultural economics and farm management

Agriculture marketing and its problems; Marketing costs, Profit margins and efficiencies. Cooperative marketing in India. EXIM policies and farm commodities for export. Barriers of export in context to WTO. Farm management, types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.


  1. Agricultural extension education


Rural society and institutions. Definitions, characteristics and importance of social stratification and culture. Agricultural extension- its importance; Importance and methods of extension training and evaluation. Importance of rural development programmes in India in post-independence period. Communication and diffusion of agricultural innovations. Role of KVKs in dissemination of agricultural technologies. Role and functions of ATMA

  1. Agricultural statistics

Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Correlation and regression. Graphs and diagrams

  1. Computer application in agriculture


Types and classification of computers. Data operating systems. Library function. Data management.

  1. Soil Science and Microbiology

Processes and factors of soil formation. Soil Taxonomic classification. Physico-chemical properties of soils. Soil fertility and fertilizers. Integrated nutrient management. Problem soils and their management. Essential plant nutrients, their distribution, functions and cycling in soils. Microbial processes involved in recycling of plant nutrients. Symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Soil organic matter and nutrient cycling. Soil survey, conservation and land use planning. Processes and factors of erosion and runoff and their management.


  1. Biodiversity and natural resource conservation

Natural resources (Forest and water), their management and conservation. Environmental pollution (air, water, soil and nuclear) and associated hazards to crops. Solid waste management. Utility of plant genetic resources in crop improvement. Germplasm collection and conservation.


  1. Food science and food biochemistry

Biochemistry of carbohydrates and proteins. Types and properties of amino acids. Types of vitamins and their sources. Classification and nature of enzymes. Factors affecting activities of enzymes. Metabolism. Chemistry of natural products (natural antibiotics and plant hormones)


  1. Farm management

Farm management planning and budgeting. Role of farming systems in sustainable agriculture. Significance of farm mechanization in agricultural production





  1. Animal Nutrition

Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Requirements for maintenance, growth and production of milk, meat, work, eggs and wool.


Mineral and trace elements. Metabolism, source and role of minerals and trace elements, their requirements for growth and production, deficiency syndromes.


Vitamins, their sources, requirements, role in metabolism and deficiency syndromes.

Feeding standards and measures of feed energy. Limitations of different feeding systems. Feeding practices in livestock in normal and drought conditions.


Feed additives in the ration of livestock and poultry; antibiotics and hormonal compounds and other growth stimulators their uses and abuse. Preservation of feed. Feeding infants and growing. Importance of colostrum. Feeding and care of expectant and nursing mothers.

  1. Genetics and Animal Breeding

Probability applied to Mendelian inheritance. Hardy Weinberg law, Poly morphism. Inheritance of quantitative traits. Casual components of variation. Biometrical models and covariance between relatives. The theory of path coefficient applied to genetic analysis. Heritability, repeatability Estimation of additive, non-additive and environmental variance. Genetic and environmental correlations. Mating systems, inbreeding, out breeding. Measurement of inbreeding, Aid to selections, breeding for threshold traits. Method of selection, Selection index, evolution of genetic gain, correlated response in selection. Reciprocal. Recurrent selection. Hybridization. Choice of effective breeding plan. Importance of breeding records in equines and wild animals. Stud books in wild animals and their utility in captive breeding programme.

Application of computer for statistical analysis in animal farms and veterinary hospitals and epidemiology.

  1. Semen quality, preservation and artificial insemination

Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen preservation. Composition of diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep freezing techniques in cows, sheep and goats, swine and poultry.


Biochemistry of semen, Care, sterilization and storage of equipments used for artificial insemination. Selection, care, training and maintenance of breeding bull for A.I.

  1. Livestock production and Management

Comparison of diary farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as a specialized farming, economic dairy farming, starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement organization of the dairy farm. Procurement of goods, opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Herd recording. Budgeting, cost of milk production, pricing policy; Personnel management. Wild and zoo animal management

Management of pack animal Management of laboratory animals & fish production.

  1. Milk Technology

Organization of rural milk procurement, collection and transport of raw milk. Quality testing and grading raw milk. Grades of whole milk, skimmed milk and cream. Defects in processing, packing, storing, distribution and marketing of milk and milk products and their remedial measures. Nutritive properties of pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milk. Preparation of cultured milks. Cultures and their management. Vitamin D, acidified and other special milks, Legal standards and sanitation requirements for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipments. Methods of preparation of butter, ghee, khoa, lassi, curd, ice cream and cheese.


  1. Hygiene

Veterinary Hygiene with respect to water, air and habitation. Duties and role of Veterinarians in a slaughter house to provide meat that is produced under ideal hygienic conditions.

By-products from slaughter houses and their economic utilization. Methods of collection, preservation and processing of hormonal glands for medicinal use. Sanitation of animal houses. Source of air pollution in animal houses and its effect on animal health and production.


  1. Extension

Extension Education: evolution of extension education in India: classification of extension, teaching methods, audiovisual aids, their classification. Role of animals in the economy, health, socio-psychology of rural, semi urban and urban society (role of farm stock, companion animals, sports animals etc.) Different methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions. Utilization of fallen animals for profit extension education, etc.


Design trysen: Different possibilities and method to provide self-employment to educated youth under rural condition. Cross breeding as a method of upgrading the local cattle.






  1. Anatomy

Anatomy of ox and fowl. Histological technique freezing, paraffin embedding etc. Common histological stain. Preparation and straining of blood films. Mammalian Histology.


Structure and function of cell and cytoplasmic constituents: Structure of nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum and ribasomes. Cell division: Mitosis and Miosis. Systemic embryology- stage wise study of embryo/ fetus of chicks, cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and cat.

  1. Physiology


Prenatal and post natal growth. Hormonal control of development of udder and milk .Environmental factors affecting reproduction in males and females. Methods of ameliorating environmental stress. Physiological relations and their regulations: mechanism of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanisms involved in animal behavior. Methods of controlling climatic stress. Physiology of circulation, respiration excretions, digestions and reproduction. Shock, its mechanism, classification of shock. Fluid and electrolyte balance. Hypoxia role of respiration in acid base mechanism. Respiration in poultry.


  1. Pharmacology

Pharmacology of drugs acting on gastrointestinal, cardio-vascular, urinary, respiratory, nervous, genital systems and endocrines. Therapeutic agents against bacteria, protozoa fungi, parasites and insects, including their mechanism of action. Common toxic compounds and plants their effects and treatment. Use of anticancer agent in animals, pharmacological and therapeutic efficacy of indigenous drugs

  1. Diseases


Common livestock and poultry diseases caused by bacteria, fungi protozoa, viruses and parasites pertaining to their causal agents, epidemiology, symptoms diagnostic methods, treatment and prevention. Important zoonotic diseases. Toxicity caused by agrochemicals and environmental toxicity. Methods of collection and dispatch of material for laboratory diagnosis. Principles of immunity and immunization: Principles of epidemiology, public health aspects of food products of animal origin (meat. egg. milk and fish) their inspection and marketing.

  1. Surgery

Anaesthesia in animals. Common surgical affections of different systems of the body. Diseases of locomotion system with special reference to soundness, health identification, principles of radiology. Electrotherapy in veterinary practice. Familiarisation with fluoroscopic examination and ultrasonography

  1. Jurisprudence


Jurisprudence in veterinary practice. Common offences towards animals. Common adulteration practices regarding milk and milk products and meat and their detection.


Laws relating to offences affecting public health.

Laws relating to adulteration of drugs

Evidence procedure in court

Legal duties of veterinarian

Code of conduct and ethics for veterinarian.






Structure, general organization and Biology of nonchordata and chordata, ecology ethology, economic zoology and Laboratory methods.


  1. Non-chordata and chordata
  • Classfication and relationship of various phyla upto sub-classes.
  • Protozoa – Structure , locomotion, nutrition, reproduction; and life history of ParamaeciumMonocystis, Plasmodium, Trypnosoma and Amoeba.


  • Porifera – Stucture, histology, Skeleton, canal system and reproduction in sycon
  • Coelenterata – Polymorphism, defensive structures and their mechanism; coral reefs and their formation; metagenesis; general features and life history of Obelia and


  • Platyhelminthes – Parasitic adaptation; general features and life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their relation to man.


  • Nemathelminthes – General features, life history and parasitic adaptation of Ascaris; Nemathelminths in relation to man.


  • Annelida – Coelom and metamerism; general features and life history of Neanthes, Pheretima and Hirudinaria.


  • Arthropoda – External features, organ systems and life histry of prawn, scorpion and cockroach. Mouth parts in insects (cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and butterfly); metamorphosis in insects and its hormonal regulation; social organization in insects (termites and honey bees).


  • Mollusca – Feeding, respiration, locomotion, general features and life history of Unio & Pila. Torsion and detorsion in gastropods.


  • Echinodermata – General features, Feeding, respiration, water vascular system and locomotion of


  • Protochordata – Origin of chordates; general features and life history of Herdamania and Branchiostoma.


  • Pisces – Scales, respiration, locomotion, migration. Structure and Affinities of Dipnoi.
  • Amphibia – Parental care, neoteny & paedogenesis.
    • Reptilia – Poisonous and non poisonous snakes of M.P. – Biting mechanism of snakes.
  • Aves – Flight adaptation and migration. Mammalia – Structural peculiarities and phyllogenetic relation of profotheria and methatheria
  • Comparative functional anatomy of following systems of vertebrates-integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton (limbs and girdles only), digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory system (heart and aortic arches only) urino-genital system, brain and sense organs (eye and ear only).




  1. Ecology
  • Biosphere – Biogeochemical cycles, green-houses effect, ozone layer and its impact; ecological succession.
  • Population, characteristics, population dynamics, population stabilization.


  • Wild life of India its conservations. Biosphere reserves. Environmental biodegradation; pollution and its impact on biosphere and its prevention.
  1. Ethology


  • Behaviour – Learning, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.
  • Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in alarm spreading; social behaviour in insects and primates; courtship (Drosophila, 3-spine stickleback and birds).


  1. Biological clock and circadian rhythms.
  • Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, carp culture, pearl culture, prawn culture.


  • Major infectious and communicable diseases (small pox, plague, malaria, tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, pathogens and prevention. Insects and diseases in relation to man.
  1. Laboratory techniques
  • Study of pH meter


  • Chromatography-(paper and thin layer)
  • Microtomy
  • Preparation of fixatives, stains and reagents
  • Museum keeping & preservation
  • Skeleton preparation and taxidermy.





Cell Biololgy, genetics, evolution, systematics, biochemistry, physiology and embryology


  1. Cell Biology
  • Structure and function of cell and its organelles(nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes and Lysosomes), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), cell cycle.


  • Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA,


  • Protein synthesis.
  • Cell fusion.
  1. Genetics and biotechnology
  • Genetic code.
  • Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla, and man.
  • Mendel’s laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, and crossing over, multiple alleles, inheritance of blood groups.


  • Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical.
  • Cloning technology, plasmids and cosmids as vectors, transgenics, transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning (Principles and methodology).


  • Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes.
  • Congenital diseases in man.
  • DNA finger-printing.


  1. Evolution and systematics


  • Origin of life
  • Lamarck and his works.
  • Darwin and his works.
  • Sources and nature of organic variation.
  • Natural selection.
  • Concept of species and sub-species, principles of classification, zoological nomenclature and international code , cladistics.


  • Fossils,
  • Geological eras.
  • Distribution of animals, zoogeographical realms of the world.




  1. Biochemistry
  • Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins, aminoacids, nucleic acids.
  • Glycolysis and Krebs cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative phosphorylation; energy conservation and release, ATP, cyclic AMP-its structure and role.


  • Hormone and their function.
  • Enzymes: types and mechanisms of action and co-enzymes.
  • Immunoglobulin and immunity.
  1. Physiology (with reference to mammals)


  • Composition and constitutents of blood; its coagulation, factors and mechanism of coagulation; thermo regulation. Blood group and Rh factor in man.


  • Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; haemoglobin : constitutents and its role in regulation, of gaseous transport.


  • Nutritive requirements; role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.


  • Excretory products; nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmoregulation.
  • Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles.

(6)     Neuron, nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic transmission; neurotransmitters.

  • Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
  • Mechanism of hormone action.
  • Physiology of reproduction, role of hormones in reproduction. 3. Embryology


  • Gametogenesis, fertilization, types of eggs, cleavage, development up to gastrulation in Branchiostoma, frog and chick, Metamorphosis in frog, formation and fate of extra embryonic membranes in chick and mammals. Types and functions of placenta in mammals;
  • Paedogenesis and neoteny.
  • Growth, regeneration and aging.
  • In vitro fertilization; embryo transfer, cloning.








  1. Microbiology

Structure, classification,          reproduction    and      economic         importance      of Virus, phytoplasma (mycoplasma), bacteria and cyanobacteria . Microbes in industry and agriculture.

  1. Plant Pathology

Knowledge of plant diseases caused by fungi, modes of infection and methods of control.

  1. Plant Diversity

Structure, reproduction, life history, classification and economic importance of algae, fungi, bryophytes pteridophytes and gymnosperms.


  1. Angiosperms

Tissue and tissue systems. Morphology and anatomy of root, stem and leaf. Developmental aspect and anomalous primary and secondary structures. Morphology of flower, structure of anther and ovule, microsporogenesis and megasporogenesis, fertilization and embryo development. Seed development.


  1. Taxonomy

Priniciples of nomenclature and classification of angiosperms. Modern trends in taxonomy. A general account of the following families : Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, Malvaceae, Rutaceae, Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Solanaceae, Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Liliaceae and Poaceae. Botanical gardens.





Cell Biology, Genetics and Evolution, Plant Physiology, Ecology and Economic Botany


  1. Cell Biology


Cell as unit of structure & function. Prokaryotic and eukerayotic cells. Ultra structure and functions of plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, ribosomes chloroplasts and nucleus. Chromosomes: Structure, chemical nature and behaviour during mitosis and meiosis. Special types of chromosomes.


  1. Genetics and Evolution

Mendelism, concept of gene, structure and types of DNA and RNA, genetic code, protein synthesis and regulation. Theories of organic evolution and evidences.


  1. Plant Physiology

Absorption and conduction of water. Transpiration, Mineral nutrition. Photosynthesis, Respiration, Photorespiration, Enzymes, Nitrogen metabolism and fermentation. Growth, plant hormones and their functions. Photoperiodism. Seed dormancy and germination.


  1. Ecology

Scope of Ecology, ecological factors, structure, function and dynamics of Ecosystem. Plant communities and succession. Applied aspects of ecology including conservation, control of pollution and management of natural resources. Endangered plants, endemism and red data book. Global warming, acid rains and ozone layer depletion.


  1. Economic Botany

Plants as sources of food, fodder, fibers, spices, beverages, medicines and timber.





  1. Symmetry

Symmetry elements and symmetry operations. Recognition of symmetry point group and symmetry elements in AB2 and AB3 molecules.


  1. Atomic structure

Idea of de Broglie matter waves. Heisenberg’s uncertainity principle, Schrodinger wave equation (time independent). Significance of Ψ and Ψ2, particle in one-dimensional box, quantum numbers, radial and angular wave functions, shapes of s. p, d and orbitals, Aufbau principle, Hund’s multiplicity rule, Pauli’s exclusion principle. Effective nuclear charge.


  1. Chemical bonding

Ionic bond, percent ionic character from dipole moment and electronegativity difference, characteristics of ionic compounds, factors affecting stability of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle; covalent bond and its general characteristics, polarities of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments. Valency bond theory, concept of resonance and resonance energy. Molecular orbital theory (LCAO method); bonding in homonuclear and heteronuclear molecules: H2+, H2 to Ne2, NO, CO. The concept of hybridization, character of bonds, bond angles and bond length. Hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces. Metallic bonding.

  1. Solid State

Forms of solids, law of constancy of interfacial angles, crystal systems and crystal classes (crystallographic groups). Designation of crystal faces, lattice structures and unit cell. Laws of rational indices. Bragg’s law. X-ray diffraction by crystals. Close packing, radious ratio rules, calculation of some limiting radius ratio values. Structures of NaCl, CsCl, and KCl. crystal Imperfections in crystals. Elementary study of liquid crystals.


  1. Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic systems, states and processes, work, heat and internal energy; first law of thermodynamics, work done on the systems and heat absorbed in different types of processes; calorimetry, energy and enthalpy changes in various processes and their temperature dependence. Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function, entropy changes in various process, entropy–reversibility and irreversibility, Free energy functions; criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities; Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics.

Thermodynamics derivations of – Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, law of mass action and Clapeyron-Clausius equations.

  1. Electrochemistry


Conductivity and its applications to determine –

Dissociation constant of weak electrolyte

Solubility product of sparingly soluble salts


Conductrometric titration.

Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes.

Galvanic cells, concentration cells; electrochemical series, measure-ment of e.m.f. of cells, fuel cells and batteries.


Processes at electrodes; double layer at the interface of metal and solvent; rate of charge transfer, current density; over-potential.

  1. Chemical kinetics

Concentration dependence of rate of reaction; defferential and integral rate equations for zeroth, first, and second order of reactions. Effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant. Collisions and transition state theories.


  1. Photochemistry

Absorption of light; decay of excited state by different routes; photochemical reactions between hydrogen and halogens and their quantum yields.


  1. Surface phenomena and catalysis


Absorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents, Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherm; determination of surface area, characteristics and mechanism of reaction on heterogeneous catalysts.


  1. Bio-inorganic chemistry

Essential and trace elements in biological processes, metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglobin and myoglobin. nitrogen fixation, oxygen-uptake proteins, cytochromes and ferredoxins. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions.


  1. Coordination chemistry
    • Introduction to bonding theories in transition metal complexes: Valency bond theory, crystal field theory, Ligand field theory and molecular orbital theory.
    • Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes: Magnetic moment (spin only and with L-S coupling), orbital contribution to magnetic moment. Electronic spectra of transition metal complexes: Spectroscopic ground and excited states, types of electronic transitions, selection rules for d-d transitions. Spectrochemical series. Orgel-energy level diagram for d1 to d9 states.
    • Isomerism in coordination compounds. IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds; stereochemistry of complexes with 4, 5 and 6 coordination numbers; chelate effect and polynuclear complexes; trans effect and its theories; thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.
    • Organometallic Chemistry: Synthesis, structure and bonding in metal carbonyl complexes, metal olefin complexes and metal alkyne complexes. Oxidative addition reactions.


  1. General chemistry of inner transition elements

Lanthanides and actinides: Occurrence, separation, oxidation states and magnetic properties; lanthanide contraction.






  1. Reaction mechanisms


General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanism of organic reactions illustrated by examples–use of isotopes, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; energy diagrams of simple organic reactions–transition states and intermediates; energy of activation; thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.


  1. Reactive intermediates

Generation, geometry, stability and reactions of carbonium ions, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes and benzynes.


  1. Name reactions

Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Perkin reaction, Knoevenagel reaction, Wittig reaction, Wolff-Kishner reduction, Cannizzaro reaction and von Richter reaction; benzoin condensation; Fischer indole synthesis, Skraup synthesis, Sandmeyer reaction, Reimer-Tiemann reaction and Reformatsky reaction.


  1. Synthetic polymers

Addition or chain growth polymerization free radical vinyl polymerization, ionic vinyl polymerization,

Ziegler-Natta polymerization, viryl polymerization Condensation or step growth polymerization.

Polyesters, polyamides, phenol-formaldehyde resins, urea-formaldehyde resins, epoxy resins.

  1. Photochemistry

Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds, excited and ground states, singlet and triplet states, Jablonski diagram. Fluorescence and phosphorescence. Quantum yield and energy transfer process.


  1. Organic spectroscopy

Problems pertaining to the structure elucidation of simple organic compounds using UV-visible, IR and NMR spectroscopy.


  1. Heterocyclic compounds

Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristic of pyrrole, furane, thiophene and pyridene. Methods of synthesis and chemical reactions with particular emphasis on the mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Comparison of basicity of pyridene, piperidene and pyrrole. Preparation and reactions of indole, quinoline and iosquiniline.


  1. Stereochemistry of carbon compounds

Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds. Fischer projection formulae; optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids, enantiomerism and diastereoisomerism; configuration (relative and absolute); conformations of ethane and n-butane, and cyclohexane. D, L-and R, S-notations of compounds containing chiral centres; projection formulae -Fischer, Newman and Sawhorse of compounds containing two adjacent chiral centres; meso and dl-isomers, erythro and threo isomers; racemization nd resolution; geometrical isomers; E and Z notations.


  1. Organometallic compounds


Preparation and synthetic uses of Grignard reagents, alkyl lithium compounds.

  1. Active methylene compounds

Diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate-applications in organic synthesis; tautomerism (keto-enol). 11. Analytical chemistry


Errors in quantitative analysis, classification of errors, minimization of errors, precision and accuracy, significance of figures, co-precipitation and post-precipitation, optimum conditions for precipitation, choice of indicators in the acid –base titration, theories of indicators, principle of EDTA titration. Numerical questions on Quantitative estimation of pyrolusite, iodometry, silver coin, acid-base titration, redox titration.






  1. Mechanics and Relativity

Conservative force field and potential energy, Gravitational potential, Motion under central force, Kepler’s Law, Centre of mass and laboratory coordinate system. Coriolis force and its application’s, Conservation of linear and angular momentum, Inertial and non-inertial Frams, Michelson – Morley experiment and its implications. Galilian transformation, Lorentz transformation, length contraction, time dilation, velocity addition theorem. Variation of mass with velocity, mass energy equivalence, particle with zero rest mass.


  1. Thermal & Statistical Physics

Maxwell’s relations and their applications. Cooling by Adiabatic demagnetization. Einstein & Debye theory of specific heat of solids, concept of phonons. Statistical basis of thermodynamics, constrains, accessible and inaccessible states, distribution of particles with a given total energy into a discrete set of energy states. Probability and entropy, Boltzmann entropy relation, Mexwellian Distribution of Speeds and velocities .Doppler’s broadening of spectral lines.


  1. Optics

Michelson interferometer. Fabry Parot interferometer Holography and its simple applications. Diffraction grating, Concave grating and its different mountings. Double refraction, optical rotation and rotation of plane of polarization.


  1. Electricity and Electronics

AC circuits, complex numbers and their applications in solving AC circuit problems. Transmission of electric power, Magnetic force on moving Charge, Biot Sevart law, Ampears Law, Theory of diodes, Types of diodes and their applications. Characteristics of transistors, h parameters, bias stability, thermal runaway. FET: JFET and MOSFET, their construction, working and uses.


  1. Sound and Acoustics

Speed of transverse waves in a uniform string. Speed of longitudinal waves in a fluid. Energy density and energy transmission in waves. Diffraction of sound. Principle of sonar system, ranging. Noise and music, intensity and loudness and their units, transducers and their characteristics. Recording and reproduction of sound. Acoustics of halls, reverberation period, Sabine formula.





  1. Quantum Mechanics

De-Broglies Hypothesis, Heisenberg uncertainty relation for p and x, its extension to energy and time, consequences of uncertainty relation., gamma ray microscope, particle in a box. Schrodinger’s equation, postulatory basis of quantum mechanics, operators, expectation values, transition probabilities, application to a particle in one and three dimensional boxes, harmonic oscillator.


  1. Atomic Spectra

Hydrogen atom, natural occurrence of n, l and m quantum numbers, the related physical quantities, comparision with Bohr’s theory. Spectra of hydrogen, deutron and alkali atoms, spectral terms, doublet fine structure, screening constants for alkali spectra for s, p d and f states, selection rules, singlet and triplet fine structure in alkaline earth spectra, L-S coupling and J-J coupling, fine strcture of hydrogen atom.


  1. Molecular Spectra and Spectroscopy

Discrete set of electronic energies of molecules, quantization of vibrational and rotational energies, determination of inter nuclear distance, pure rotational and rotation – vibration spectra. Dissociation limits for the ground and other electronic states, transition rules for pure vibration and electronic vibration spectra. Raman Effect, Stokes and antistokes lines, complementry character of Raman and infrared spectra, experiemental arrangement for Raman spectroscopy. Fluorescence & phosphorescence.


  1. Solid State Physics

Lattices: Lattice types, lattice planes. Common crystal structures Laue’s theory of X-ray diffraction, Bragg’s Law, electrons in periodic potential; nearly free electron model (qualitative), energy bands, energy gap, metals, semiconductors, insulators, density of states, Fermi energy, Fermi velocity. Mobility of electrons and holes, Hall Effect and Hall coefficient.


  1. Nuclear Physics

Basic nuclear properties, general concepts of nuclear forces, working of nuclear detectors, G-M counter, proportional and scintillation counters, cloud chamber, spark chambers. Nuclear reactions, Q-value of nuclear reactions, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion (concepts), energy production in stars. Compound nucleus, direct reactions (concepts). Shell model, liquid drop model.





  1. Abstract Algebra

Group, Subgroup, cyclic group and their properties. Order of Elements of group Coset decomposition, Lagrange’s theorem. Normal subgroup, Quotient Group, Homomorphism, Isomorphism, Automorphism of Groups. Permutation, Permutation Groups, Cayley’s Theorem. Cauchy’s Theorem and Sylow’s Theorem for finite abelian and non-abelian groups.

Ring Theory – Rings, Subrings, Ideals and quotient rings, Homomorphism & Isomorphism of rings, Integral domain, characterstic of an element. Polynomial rings, Field Polynomials over the rational fields. Unique factorization theorem.


  1. Linear Algebra

Definition and examples of vector spaces, subspace, sum and direct sum of subspaces – Linear dependence and independence and their bases properties. Bases, Existence theorem for bases. Finite dimensional vector space. Dimension of a vector space. Dimension of sum of spaces. Quotient space and its dimension. Linear transformations and their representation as a matrix. The Algebra of Transformation. Rank Nullity Theorem. Eigen values and Eigen vectors of a linear transformation: Diagonalization of a matrix. Inner product space, Orthogonal vectors, orthogonal compliments. Orthonormal sets and bases. Bessel Inequality for finite dimensional space. Gram Schmidt’s orthogonalization process.


  1. Differential Calculus

Convergence of sequence and series, limit & continuity of function. Differentiability. Successive differentiation, Leibnitze’s theorem. Applications of derivative, Tangent and normal, Asymptotes, Singular points, curve tracing. Mean value Theorem. Taylor’s Theorem. Expansion in Taylor’s and Maclaurin series. Maxima & minima of function of one variable.


  1. Integral Calculus

Integration of rational, irrational and transcedental functions. Reduction formula. Definite integrals. Rectification quadrature, volume and surface of solid of revolution. Double & triple Integrals. Beta & Gamma functions, Change of order of Integration of double integral. Improper integrals and their convergence.


  1. Differential Equation

Ordinary differential Equation of first order and higher degree. Homogeneous equation of first degree. Integrating factor. Linear Differential Equation with constant coefficients, Complementary functions and particular integrals. Linear Differential Equation with variable coefficients. Singular solutions linear Differential Equation and Equation reducible to linear form. Exact differential equation, method of variations of parameter. Simultaneous linear differential equations.


  1. Vector Calculus


Differentiation of vector function, Gradient, divergence & curl in Cartesian, cylindrical & spherical coordinate, Higher order derivatives, Vector integration, Gauss’s, Green’s & Stoke’s Theorem, and their applications.


  1. Analytical Geometry

Cartesian and polar coordinates in two and three dimensions. Second degree equations in two and three dimensions, Reduction to canonical forms. Straight lines, Shortest distance between two skew lines, plane, Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, Paraboloid, Ellipsoid, Hyperboloids of one and two sheets and their properties.


  1. Statistics

Measures of central tendency:- mean, mode, median, measures of dispersion, range, inter quartile range, mean deviation, standard deviation skewness and kurtosis.


Probability – Events, sample space, probability of an event, addition and multiplication Theorem, Baye’s Theorem.


Theoritical Distributions – Binomial, Poisson, Normal distributions and their properties & use. Method of least square, curve fitting, correlation & regression. Partial & multiple correlation (up to three variables)






  1. Real Analysis & Metric Space


Riemann Integral, Integrability of continuous and monotonic functions. The fundamental theorem on Integral calculus. Mean value theorem of Integral calculus. Partial derivatives and differentiability of real valued functions of two variables. Schewarz & Young’s theorem, Implicit function theorem. Definition and example of metric spaces. Neighbourhood, Limit points, interior points, open and closed sets. Closure and interior, Boundary points. Subspace of a metric space. Cauchy’s sequence, completeness. Cantor intersection Theorem. Contraction principle. Real number as a complete ordered field, Dense subsets, Baire category Theorem, Seperable, first countable and second countable space.

  1. Complex Analysis

Continuity and differentiability of complex function.

Analytic function, Cauchy – Riemann Equations, Cauchy’s Theorem, Cauchy’s Integral formula, Power series, Taylor’s series, Laurent’s series. Singularities, Cauchy’s Residue Theorem, Cotour Integration, Conformal mapping, Bilinear transformations.


  1. Advance Calculus

Functions of several variables, Limit, continuity and differentiability of function of two variables. Partial derivative, Change of variables, Euler’s Theorem on homogenous functions. Taylor’s Theorem for function of two variables. Maxima & minima and saddle point of function of two variable, Lagrange’s method of multipliers. Indeterminate form.

  1. Partial Differential Equations


Curve and surfaces in three dimensions, formulation of partial differential equations. Solutions of equation of the type dx/P = dy/Q = dz / R orthogonal trajectories. Paraffian Differential equation, partial differential equation of first order, solution by Cauchy’s method. Charpit method of solution. Linear partial differential equation of second order with constant coefficient.

  1. Linear Programming

Linear programming problem, basic solution, basic feasible solution & optional solutions, graphical method & simplex method of solution. Duality, Transportation and assignment problems. Travelling sales man problems.


  1. Numerical Analysis

Numerical methods, solution of algebraic and transcendental equation of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton Raphson method. Solution of linear Equations by Gausian Elimination and Gauss Jordan (direct) method. Gauss seidel (Iterative). Method, Newtons (forward & backward) & Lagrange method of interpolation. Numerical Integration: Simpson’s one third rule. Gausion qudrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations. Euler & Runge. Kutta Methods.


  1. Boolean Algebra

Lattices and Algebraic structure. Duality Distributive and complementary lattice. Boolean lattices and Boolean algebras. Boolean functions & expressions. Propositional calculus. Design and implementation of Digital networks, switching circuits, graph, Paths & circuits, shortest paths – Eulerian paths & circuits. Application of graph for bridge problem, utility problem.


  1. Mechanics

Statics – Analytical conditions of Equilibrium of coplanar forces. virtual works, catenary. Forces in three dimensions Poinsots Central axis. Stable & unstable equilibrium.

Dynamics – Velocities & acceleration along radial & transverse directions and along tangential and normal direction. Simple .Harmonic motions – Elastic strings.


Motion on smooth & rough plane curves. Motion in a resisting medium. Motion of a particle of varying mass.






  1. Descriptive Statistics


Types of data – Concepts of a Statistical population and sample from a population; qualitative and quantitative data ; nominal and ordinal data ; cross sectional and time series data; discrete and continuous data; frequency and non-frequency data; different types of scales – nominal, ordinal, ratio and interval. Collection and Scrutiny of data; Primary data – designing a questionnaire and a schedule; checking their consistency. Secondary data – its major sources including some government publications. Complete enumeration, controlled experiments, observational studies and sample survery. Scrutiny of data for internal consistency and detection of errors of recording. Ideas of cross-validation. Presentation of Data ; construction of tables with one or more factors of classification. Diagrammatic and graphical representation of grouped data. Frequency distributions, cumulative frequency distributions and their graphical representation, histogram, frequency polygon and ogives. Stem and leaf chart. Box plot. Analysis of Quantitative Data; Univariate data- Concepts of central tendency, dispersion and relative dispersion, skewness and kurtosis and their measures Sheppard’s corrections for moments for grouped data (without derivations). Bivariate Data ; Scatter diagram. Product moment correlation coefficient and its properties coefficient of determination. Correlation ratio. Concepts of error in regression. Principle of least squares. Fitting of linear regression and related results. fitting of curves reducible to polynomials by transformation. Rank correlation – Spearman’s and Kendall’s measures. Multivariate data; Multiple regression, multiple correlation and partial correlation in three variables, their measures and related results. Analysis of Categorical Data; Consistency of categorical data. Independence and association of attributes. Various measures of association for two-way and three-way classified data.


  1. Probability Theory


Important Concepts in Probability – Definition of probability – classical and relative frequency approach to probability, Richard von Mises, Cramer and Kolmogorov’s approaches to probability, merits and demerits of these approaches, Random Experiment : Trial, sample point and sample space, definition of an event, operation of events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events. Discrete sample space, properties of probability based on axiomatic approach, conditional probability, independence of events, Bayes theorem and its applications. Random Variables ; Definition of discrete random variables, probability mass function, idea of continuous random variable and its properties – moments, measures of location , dispersion, skewness and kurtosis, moment generating function, their properties and uses. Standard univariate discrete distributions and their properties : Discrete Uniform, Binomial, Poisson, Hypergeometric, Negative Binomial and Geometric distributions. Continuous univariate distributions- Uniform, normal, Cauchy, Laplace, Exponential, Chi-square, Gamma and Beta distributions. Bivariate normal distribution (including marginal and conditional distributions) Chebyshev’s inequality and applications, Statements and applications of weak law of large numbers and central limit theorems (Lindeberg Leby, Liaponouv and De-Moiver’s)




  1. Statistical Methods

Sampling from a distribution ; Definition of a random sample, simulating random sample from standard distributions (Uniform, Exponential & Normal) . Concept of derived distribtutions of functions of random variables. Concept of a statistic and its sampling distribution, Point estimate of a parameter, Concept of bias and standard error of an estimate, Standard errors of sample mean and sample proportion, Sampling distributions of sum of binomial and Poisson distributions. Sampling distribution of mean of normal distribution.


Independence of sample mean and variance in random sampling from a normal distribution (without derivation), Statistical Tests and interval Estimation ; Null and alternative hypotheses, Types of errors, p-values . Statement of chi-square, t, and F statistics. Testing for the mean and variance of univariate normal distribution, testing of equality of two means and testing of equality of two variances of two univariate normal distributions.


Related confidence intervals. Testing for the significance of sample correlation coefficient in sampling from bivariate normal distribution and for the equality of means and equality of variances in sampling from bivariate normal distribution. Large sample tests. Use of central limit theorem for testing and its applications to interval estimation of a single mean, a single proportion, difference of two means and two proportions. Fisher’s Z-transformation and its uses. Pearson’s chi-square test for goodness of fit. Contingency table and test of independence in a contingency table. Definition of order statistics and their distributions ( Without derivations ), Non-parametric tests; Sign test for univariate and bivariate distributions, Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test, Run test, Median test, and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient test.







  1. Sample Surveys


Sample Surveys. Concepts of population and sample, need for sampling. Census and sample survey, basic concepts in sampling, organizational aspects of survey sampling, sample selection and sample size. Some basic sampling methods- simple random samplig (SRS) with and without replacement. Stratified random sampling, systematic sampling, ratio and regression methods of estimation under SRS. Non sampling errors, acquaintance with the working (questionnaires, sampling design, methods followed in field investigation, principal findings etc.) of NSSO, and other agencies undertaking sample surveys.


  1. Design of Experiments

Analysis of variance for one way and two-way classifications (with one observation per cell). Need for design of experiments, fundamental principles of design, basic designs – C.R.D., R.B.D., L.S.D. and their analysis. Factorial designs – 2n (n ≤ 4 ) designs, illustrations, main effects and interaction effects and confounding in 23 design.



  1. Measurement of mortality and life table

Crude death rate, infant mortality rates, death rate by casuse, standardized death rate, complete life table-its main features, mortality rate and probability of dying, use of survival tables. Measurement of fertility: crude birth rate, general fertility rate, total fertility rate, gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate.


  1. Economic Statistics

Index number-its definition, applications of index numbers, price relatives and quantity or volume relatives of index numbers, use of averages, simple aggregative and weighted aggregative methods, Laspeyre’s Paache’s and Fisher’s index numbers, time and factor reversal tests of index numbers. Consumer Price Index.


  1. Time Series Analysis

Economic time series, its different components. Illustrations , additive and multiplicative models, detemination of trend, growth curves, analysis of seasonal fluctuations, construction of seasonal indices.


  1. Statistical Quality Control

Importance of statistical methods in industrial research and practice, specification of items and lot qualities corresponding to visual gauging, count and measurements, types of inspection, detemination of tolerance limits. General theory of control charts, causes of variation in quality, control limits, sub-grouping, summary of out-of control criteria, charts for attributes, np-chart, p-chart, c-chart, U-chart. Charts for variables ; X and R charts, design of X and R Charts versus p-charts, process capability studies. Principle of acceptance sampling – problems of lot acceptance, stipulation of good and bad lots, producer’s and consumers risks, single and double sampling plans, their OC functions, concepts of AQL, LTPD, AOQL, average amount of inspection and ASN functions, rectifying inspection plans, Sampling inspection plans, Indian Standards Tables Part I ( including applications ).






  1. Structural Analysis


Determinate and Indeterminate Structures, Degrees of Freedom. Static and Kinematic indeterminacy, Principle of Superposition, Virtual Work, Energy theorem, Deflection of Trusses, Redundant Frames. Analysis of Determinate and Indeterminate Arches, their influence lines.


Rolling loads, influence lines for Determinate Beams and Pin-jointed Frames. Mullar Breslau’s Principle and influence lines for Indeterminate Beams and Frames.


Slope Deflection, Moment Distribution and Kani’s methods. Column Analogy, Energy Methods for analysis of indeterminate beams and frames. Approximate methods for analysis of Rigid Frames. Matrix Methods of analysis, Stiffness and Flexibility Matrices of Beams. Frames & Trusses, Elements of Plastic analysis.


  1. Structral Design
    • Steel Design

Factors of Safety and Load Factors.

Rivetted and Welded connections of Members, Design of Tension, Compression and Flexural members, built-up beams and Plate Girder Slab and Guesseted Bases for Columns, Design of Roof Trusses. Purling and Coverings, Structural Steel tubes and their connections Industrial and Multi-Storyed Buildings Water tank and supporting tower’s design. Plastic Design of Continuous Beams & Frames.


(2) R.C. Design


Working Stress and Limit State methods for design of Rectangular, T and L Beams, Slabs and Columns. Isolated and Combined footings, Raft Foundations. Overhead, Resting on ground and Underground Water Tanks. Design of Bunkers and Silos. Methods and Systems of Prestressing, Anchorages. Losses in Prestress, Design of Prestressed Concrete Beams.



  1. Construction Planning and Management

Detailed estimates, specifications, analysis and rates of various works in civil engineering. Construction activity, work break down structures, scheduling through CPM and PERT  analysis, cost optimization through network construction, Float times, Bar charts  , Project control and super-vision, cost reduction measures, Cost analysis and resource allocation, Fundamentals of engineering economics , methods of appraisal , present work, annual costs , benefit cost analysis, Types of tenders and contract conditions.



  1. Environmenal Engineering

Water Demand – Per capita Demand, Population Estimation methods. Water Quality Criteria for various uses viz. Domestic & Non-Domestic, Irrigation effects & significance of important parameters and permissible concentration as per relevant standards.

Transmission of Water- relative merits & demerits of various pipes viz C.I. G.I. Mild Steel.

A.C. Pressure Pipes. Corrosion of Pipes-types & Methods of control System of distribution & layouts of distribution. Unit Processes & Operations for Water Treatment viz, Objectives and Design criteria of Sedimentation, Coagulation, Flocculation, Chemical Sedimentation. Filtration (slow sand & rapid sand), Disinfection, Softening. Quantity & Characterization of Domestic Sewage-significance of B.O.D., C.O.D., D.O. Solids. T.O.C., N.O.D.


Effluent Standards, River Standards.

Sewage System-Design of Sewer & Storm Sewer, Sewage Pumps. Design of Screens, Grit Chamber. Design of Primary Sedimentation tank. Design of Biological Treatment Units viz Trickling filters, Activated Sludge Treatment and Secondary Sedimentation tank. Waste Stabilization Ponds- Aerobic, Anaerobic & Facultative Ponds, design criteria and principles. Sludge Treatment- Digestion & Sludge Disposal. Septic Tanks-design criteria & working Self-Purification of Streams- oxygen sag curve. Types of Pollution-Sources & effects of various pollution viz., Water, Air, Land & Noise, Relevant standards. Rural Sanitation, Solid Waste- collection & disposal.






  1. Water Resources Engineering

Water Resources in the Globe, Available Fresh Water. Need for Optimum use of Available water, Schemes for Drinking, Irrigation, Hydro Power, Multipurpose Schemes. Irrigation-Necessity, Scope, Benefits & Effects.

Methods & Systems of Irrigation, their efficiencies. Water Distribuion & Scheduling techniques.

Crop Water Requirements, Evapotranspiration, Consumptive Use, Duty, Delta, Base Period their relation, Crop Rotation, Quality of Irrigation Water.


Hydrology – Hydrological Cycle, Precipitation – Types, Measurement, Raingauge Network, Analysis of Precipitation Data, Dependability Analysis, Unit Hydrograph, Summation & Synthetic Hydrographs, Design Flood by UH & Frequency Studies.


Ground Water – Class & Availability of Soil Moisture. Aquifers- Confined & Unconfined. Open & Tube Wells, Radial Flow in Wells, Depuit’s Theory. Darey’s Law, Seepage Analysis using Flow Nets. Yield of Wells, determination.


Storage Scheme – Reservoir Planning, Capacity, Yield, Life. Gravity & Earthen Dams. Forces Acing, Modes of Failure, Stability Criteria, Design. Galleries. Shafts. Joints in Gravity Dams. Foundation Treatment.


Spillways, Types, Design of Ogee & Syphon Spillways. Energy Dissipating Devices, Design of Stilling Basins.


Diversion Schemes – Structures on Pervious Formations, Bligh’s & Khosla’s Theory, Hydraulic Jump, Design of Vertical Drop Weir & Barrage.


Distribution System – Canals – Classification, Layout, Alignment, Capacity, Design of Canals. Silt Theories, Canal Regulation Structures. Design of Head & Cross Regulators, Canal Falls, Cross Drainage Works, and Outlets, Escapes.


Water  Logging  –  Causes,  Effects,  Remedial  Measures,  Losses in  Canals,  Canal  Lining,  Types. Advantages, Conjunctive use of Surface & Ground Water.

River Training – Objective & Methods, Concepts of Hydro Power Projects.


  1. Transportation Engineering